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O Farrell, O Ferrall, Farrell, Ferrall

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Farrell, with and without the prefix O, is a well known name in many parts of the country and it stands thirty-fifth in the statistical returns showing the hundred commonest names in Ireland. It is estimated that there are over thirteen thousand of the name in Ireland; the great majority of these were born in Leinster, mainly in Co. Longford and the surrounding areas. This is as might be expected for the great O Fearghaill (O'Farrell or O'Ferrall) sept was of Annaly in Co. Longford. The chief of the sept, known as Lord of Annaly, resided at Longphuirt Ui Fhearghaill (i.e. O'Farrell's fortress), hence the name of the town and county. The name is derived from the personal name Fearghal, meaning "man of valour". The original Fearghal or Fergal from whom the family claim descent was killed at Clontarf in 1014. His great grandfather Angall gave his name to the territory they possessed, Annally in Co. Longford.

They ruled this area for almost seven centuries, down to the final catastrophes of the seventeenth century and also held territories in nearby counties Roscommon and Westmeath. So important were they that references to them in the "Annals of the Four Masters" occupy more than seven columns of the index to that monumental work. There were two branches of the sept, the chiefs of which were distinguished as O'Farrell Boy (buidhe, i.e. yellow) and O'Farrell Bane (ban, i.e. white or fair).

The More O Ferralls descend from the illustrious Mordha (Moore or More) family. As with the Nugents and the O Reillys, it was marriage which amalgamated the two names, but, unlike the Nugents, the O Ferralls kept the More name. Lysagh O More, in about 1340, wrested his territory and title of Lord of Leix (Laois) from the usurping Mortimers. It is recorded that "He stirred up to war all the Irish in Munster and Leinster by persuasion, promises and gifts, and expelled nearly all the English from their lands by force, for in one evening he burned eight castles of the Englishry, and destroyed the noble castle of Dunamase belonging to Roger Mortimer, and usurped to himself the lordship of the country. From a slave he became a lord, from a subject a prince". Caech MacDonnell O More was Chief of Leix from 1542 to 1545. In 1555 his brother, Patrick O More, supported by the O Connors of Offaly (the neighbouring county) invaded Leix. His brother Rory Og, who opposed him, was killed. In England this invasion was regarded as Rory Og's rebellion and, as a result, his land was forfeited and colonised by the English, and its name was changed from Leix to Queen's County. In 1567, twelve years too late, it was established that it was Patrick and his allies who had been the "rebels", while Rory Og had been the defender. In the meantime the O More territory had been parcelled out among English adventurers and it was deemed politically inadvisable to uproot them. Instead, by way of compensation, Queen Elizabeth I granted Rory Og's surviving son, Charles O More, the Balyna estate near Moyvalley in County Kildare. He had no alternative but to accept and Balyna became the home of the O More chieftains and their descendants for the next 400 years. In October 1641 Rory O More (1592 - 1655), a nephew of Rory Og, plotted with Conor Maguire, Baron of Enniskillen, and others to seize Dublin Castle. They were betrayed by Owen O Connelly. Rory, who had been suspicious of the traitor, escaped, but the others were executed. Rory hid in the thick woods then surrounding Balyna. When surprised by his pursuers he is said to have plunged his stick into the ground before fleeing. This stick took root and grew into a conifer. There was a family legend that when the tree died the family would leave Balyna. In 1957 the tree died and, shortly afterwards, Balyna passed from the More O Ferrall family. Rory O More managed to rally the Irish and the Old English into forming the Confederate army in which he was a colonel. It represented the four provinces and its aim was a united Ireland and to drive out the usurpers. It was an inspired idea which had the support of many of the influential Irish in Europe. There were many differences of opinion however, and, after several years, the army came to a sad end.

Colonel Charles O More was the commander of a troop of horse in Owen Roe O Neill's army. In 1688 he raised a regiment of foot in which all barring two of its members were natives of the Queen's County. All the officers, except for these two odd men out, were killed at the battle of Aughrim on Sunday 12 July 1691, after quarter had been granted.

The O Fearghaile are well recorded in the genealogical archives, having a variety of spellings. The Catholic Confederation of Kilkenny which endured from 1642 to 1649 had Father Richard O Farrell, a Capuchin friar, as one of its members.

In 1709, Roger O Farrell completed his admirable Linea Antiqua, a genealogical manuscript which is now in the custody of the Genealogical Office in Dublin.

Ceadaigh O Farrell, who was killed at the battle of the Boyne in 1690, left three sons who emigrated to Picardy in France.

The lists of the Irish regiments who served in France in the early eighteenth century contain at least twenty one O Farrell officers. In 1780 there was an O Farrell regiment.

Francis Thurot O Farrel (1726 - 60) was born in Burgundy, France. He adopted the name of his maternal grandfather, a Captain O Farrel who had fled with the Jacobites to France where he had married a French lady named Thurot and assumed her name. A headstrong youth, Francis tried many ways of earning a living. With England and France at war, he turned his hand to privateering and became very wealthy. Later he got a commission in the French naval service where he had many adventures during the Seven Years' War. In 1760 he was aboard one of the frigates that broke through the English blockade in Belfast Lough, but he was killed shortly afterwards when they met a British squadron.

Among the many O Farrell papers abroad is an account of an "Act for naturalising the children of Colonel Francis Fergus D. O Farrell who was born in Holland in 1694".

In 1799, Gonzalo O Farrell, who was Spanish Minister to Berlin, exchanged diplomatic letters with the French Foreign Minister, Talleyrand.

In Ireland, despite the difficult times in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, at least one of the O Farrells was prospering. In his book "Dublin 1660 - 1860", Maurice Craig, the architectural historian, considered the rising social class of Dublin brewers and mentions an English traveller who in 1790 "dined with the most eminent of the Dublin brewers, Mr James Farrell, who had his brewery in the Black Pitts but his dwelling house in Merrion Square East" - a fashionable residential area.

Like Rory or Roger, Letitia is a name that appears frequently, and often potently, in the O Ferrall lineage. Letitia, daughter of Ambrose O Ferrall of Balyna, who was a nun in the Sisters of Charity order, gave £3,000 to purchase a house in St Stephen's Green, Dublin, which grew to be one of Dublin's largest hospitals, St Vincent's, now moved to the suburb of Donnybrook.

It was the Letitia (born 1732) who married Richard Ferrall of Dillon's Bank in Dublin who joined the More name to O Ferrall. A descendant of theirs, James Ambrose O Ferrall (1753 - 1828), was a major-general in Austria's Imperial army, which he entered when he was twenty. He had a long and adventurous military career and was also a Royal Chamberlain. A Miss Ambrose, a connection by marriage, left him a fortune and the family seat, Balliane House, in County Wexford, on condition that he change his name to Ambrose. He died unmarried, which saved further confusion with names. The Balliane estate went to his kinsman, Charles More O Ferrall, who entered the Sardinian service in 1791 when he was 23. When the monarchy was overthrown by Napoleon in 1798, Charles's appointment with the Sardinian army came to an end and he went to Piedmont in northern Italy. At Novi Liguri, on the southern bank of the River Po, the scene of a French defeat in 1799, he was made a captain of the horse on the field of battle by the king's viceroy. Subsequently the king made him first equerry, gentleman of the bedchamber, major-general of cavalry and adjutant-general. He retired to Ireland where he died at Balliane House in 1831.

Balliane had previously been the home of his eldest sister, Mary, a widow. Charles's son, Victor Emmanuel More O Ferrall, named after his godfather, the King of Italy, returned to Ireland to manage the Balliane estate. Despite the efforts of the More O Ferrall family to help him, he mismanaged it so badly that it had to be sold. He emigrated to America where he died.

Major Ambrose O Ferrall (1752 - 1835) of Balyna had his early education at Dublin's popular Fagan's Academy before going to the Jesuit College at Bruges. In 1770 he entered the Military Academy in Turin, where he was taught to ride by the famous Chevalier Capitolo. He also served for some years in the Royal Sardinian army. He married twice and had ten children.

His eldest son was the Right Honourable Richard More O Ferrall (1797 - 1880), who was a Member of Parliament for Kildare and Longford. In 1832 he was a member of the parliamentary committee set up to report on the situation in Ireland. When a Royal Commission was issued in 1833 to report into the condition of the poor in Ireland, Richard More O Ferrall and the Archbishop of Dublin were its two Catholic members. He was an adviser to the Catholic University and was a friend of Cardinal Wiseman and a supporter of Daniel O Connell. In 1835, under the administration of Lord Melbourne, he became Lord of the Treasury, First Secretary of the Admiralty and, in 1841, was Secretary to the Treasury. In 1847 he was the first civilian to hold the post of Governor of Malta. Four years later he resigned because he would not serve under the Prime Minister, Lord John Russell, who had championed the Ecclesiastical Titles Act of 1851 in opposition to the Papal Bill of 1850 to restore a Catholic hierarchy in England.

Richard's brother, John Lewis More O Ferrall (1800 - 81), was educated at Acton Burnell and Stonyhurst College in England. He graduated from Trinity College, Dublin, and was called to the Irish Bar. He became Commissioner of the Dublin Metropolitan Police on its establishment in 1871. He declined a baronetcy.

George Anthony More O Ferrall (1907 - 82) joined Sir Phillip Ben Greet's Shakespearean Company and later won a scholarship to the Central School of Dramatic Art. In 1936 he joined the first BBC television team and was joint producer of the very first television programme. Following four and a half years of service with the Royal Artillery during the Second World War, he was put in charge of all BBC broadcasts to Allied Forces, including the American Forces Network. From 1946 to 1950 he was a senior BBC television producer, but he left when told he had reached his salary ceiling. He went into films and directed for 20th Century Fox, ABC, Korda, Rank and British Lion. In 1959 he joined Anglia Television as Head of Drama. He had more television plays to his credit than any other producer and was awarded the Baird Medal for outstanding contributions to television. From 1964 to 1968 he directed for ATV. He retired to live in Spain.

Following the More O Ferrall lineage can be confusing, especially in the case of the long and sometimes catastrophic history of Kildangan, near Monastereven in County Kildare. Kildangan was originally a FitzGerald castle but they sold it, in about 1705, to the brothers Edward and Edmund Reilly, originally from County Cavan, but now prosperous merchants in Dublin where Edmund was an alderman of the city. In 1849, Kildangan passed into the More O Ferrall family with the marriage of Susan O Reilly (1826 - 54) to Charles Edward More O Ferrall. She died in childbirth aged only 28, leaving a son, Dominick. During his lifetime he considerably extended the estate, with the advice of the eminent British landscape gardener John Sutherland, who laid out the celebrated gardens. He dynamited the remains of the ancient castle and used its stones to build the present house.

Dominick's son, Roderic (1903 - 90), was known internationally as a successful breeder and trainer of bloodstock. He was president of the Bloodstock Breeders Association. Roderic based his equine activities at Kildangan Stud in County Kildare which was sold to Sheihk Mohammed in 1986 and continues to be a world famous stud farm to this day. His brother Francis (died 1976) was a chairman of the Anglo-Irish Bloodstock Agency in London and his youngest brother, Rory, is chairman of the advertising firm of More O Ferrall which works on an international scale.

In Victorian Dublin, Sir Thomas Farrell (1827 - 1900) was a popular sculptor whose numerous statues of its leading citizens adorn the city.

James Gordon Farrell (1935 - 79), who was born in Liverpool, won the 1973 Booker Prize for literature with his novel The Siege of Krishnapur. In the same year he wrote a best seller, The Singapore Grip, and was forecast by the critics to be on the way to a promising career. Unfortunately, he died dramatically, washed into the sea by a freak wave while fishing in County Cork.

In the nineteenth century, many Farrells left Ireland for Australia and the Americas.

Charles F. O Farrell (1840 - 1905), born in Virginia, was a lawyer, a Confederate cavalry colonel and Governor of Virginia from 1894 to 1898. It was this son of Irish immigrants who, as a Virginia legislator, worked vigorously to stamp out lynching.

The parents of John Farrell (1851 - 1904) emigrated during the Famine to Buenos Aires. Some years later they sailed for Australia where the family farmed and went into brewing. John became a minor poet and an excellent journalist, especially as a contributor to the Sydney Daily Telegraph.

James A. Farrell (1863 - 1943) is a classic example of the American-born Irish who did well for themselves, and for America. Born in Connecticut, he married Catherine McDermott and rose from labourer in a New Haven steel mill to developing its foreign trade sales figures to an astonishing degree. He became president of the US Steel Corporation in 1911. Later he held directorships of the American Bridge Company, Federal Steel, the Tennessee Coal and Iron Railroad, Minnesota Steel and many other related companies. He was also vice-president of the American Iron and Steel Institute and founder and chairman of the National Foreign Trade Council.

The grandparents of James T. Farrell (1904 - 79) emigrated from Athlone and Mullingar to the USA. He became a best-selling writer in the 1930s with the Studs Lonigan trilogy, in which he wrote of the social inequalities of the Irish artisan community in Chicago. He visited Ireland several times.

Charles Farrell (born 1906), a Dubliner, went first to Canada and then to the USA where, during the boom years of the Hollywood film industry, he appeared in many films and was Janet Gaynor's leading man in the classic film Seventh Heaven. He also acted on radio and television and was a founding member of the British Actors' Equity Association in 1930.


O'Farrell (as recorded by the Chief Herald of Ireland) Arms: Very a lion rampant or. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a greyhound springing sable.

O'Farrell, or O'Ferrall (Clarendon MSS., 4639, British Museum). Vert a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules. Crest - a greyhound in full course proper.

O'Ferrall Buoy (Lords of Annaly, co. Longford; descended from Fearghail, Chief of the Sept, who fell at the Battle of Clontarf, 1014). Arms: Vert a lion rampant or. Crest: - On a ducal coronet or, a greyhound springing sable. Motto: Cu reubha.

O'Ferrall Bane (Bawne, co. Longford;). Arms: Vert a lion rampant or. Crest: - On a ducal coronet or, a greyhound springing sable. Motto: Cu reubha.

These coats of arms represent the main lines of Farrell. Several other people of the name also bore arms. In general they include the same symbolism with someextra features by way of distinction.


Ancient genealogy according to O'Hart

"Irish Pedigrees or the Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation", by John O'Hart is one of the best known Irish genealogical publications in the world. The first edition appeared in 1876, but was followed by several subsequent editions that added greatly to the overall size of the work. The most quoted edition was published in New York in 1923, twenty years after the author's death. It is worth mentioning here that the original work did not include and heraldic (coat of arms) information and that this was added to posthumous publications by unscrupulous publishers, presumably to increase sales. In general, O'Hart is a dubious source, at best, for such information (see quote below from Edward MacLysaght in regard to this topic).

John O'Hart was born in Crossmolina, Co. Mayo, in 1824. He received an excellent education with the intention of joining the priesthood. However, he instead spent two years in the constabulary (the police), after which he was employed by the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland from 1845, the first year of the Famine. He became an Associate in Arts at the Queen's University, and thereafter he was an active member of several scholarly societies. He was an avid genealogist and took a keen interest in Irish history, despite never receiving formal training as an historian. Politically he was an Irish nationalist, and in religious matters, a committed Catholic. Both of these factors permeated his work. He died in 1902 in Clontarf, Co. Dublin, at the age of 78.

O'Hart used many sources to compile the information that appears in his major work. His principal sources were Gaelic genealogies, like those of O'Clery, MacFirbis and O'Farrell. Along with the Gaelic annals, especially the Annals of the Four Masters, O'Hart was able to 'reconstruct' the medieval and ancient pedigrees that appear here. He also used later sources, like the works of Burke, Collins, Harris, Lodge and Ware to extend these lineages into the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. But arguably the most important information contained in these genealogies came where O'Hart gathered the details directly from the families concerned, often from private papers or family tradition. These sections concern the later period, particularly post 1800, and are good for many specific localities like western Co. Clare.

There are two types of genealogies in O'Hart; the genealogies of the Gaelic families and the genealogies of Anglo-Norman and other later settlers. O'Hart made one important distinction in his treatment of these. Irish mythology records that every family was descended from a certain Milesius of Spain who in about 1700 BC led his followers to invade and conquer Ireland. The Christian monks who wrote these genealogies down in the 9th century, 2,500 years after Milesius, also added their own beliefs. So they recorded that Milesius was the 36th in descent from Adam! O'Hart, being both an ardent believer in the Gaelic myths and Christianity, followed their example. In his Gaelic genealogies a number representing the generation of descent from Adam precedes every generation. By contrast the Anglo-Normans and later invaders made no such claims, so O'Hart's genealogies of these families do not include these numbers. O'Hart showed, probably incorrectly, that every Gaelic family was descended from four of Milesius's family. These were his three sons, Heber, Ir and Heremon, and his uncle Ithe. These four were considered the 'stem' lines of the genealogies that followed.

While he undertook a great deal of research, using the majority of available published sources, many Gaelic scholars have superseded his work over the last 100 years. He was not familiar with the abundant unpublished Gaelic manuscript sources available. These have shown that many of his genealogies are incorrect for the years prior to 1600 AD. Furthermore, O'Hart was not a professional historian or genealogist, and had little training in using the esoteric sources he consulted. As a consequence he misunderstood a great deal about Gaelic society and culture, a world which had largely disappeared from Ireland long before he put pen to paper. He was also credulous in using the sources he did consult, believing that the myths were fact.

Despite these limitations, careful use of his work can be very productive. His genealogies for the years after 1600 have great value, and are often unavailable elsewhere. He was also able to consult many sources which have since been destroyed or lost. In the words of Edward MacLysaght, Ireland's most famous authority on the history of surnames, he 'made use of it almost daily'.

1. Adam

2. Seth

3. Enos

4. Cainan

5. Mahalaleel

6. Jared

7. Enoch

8. Methuselah

9. Lamech

10. Noah divided the world amongst his three sons, begotten of his wife Titea: viz., to Shem he gave Asia, within the Euphrates, to the Indian Ocean; to Ham he gave Syria, Arabia, and Africa; and to Japhet, the rest of Asia beyond the Euphrates, together with Europe to Gadea (or Cadiz).

11. Japhet was the eldest son of Noah. He had fifteen sons, amongst whom he divided Europe and the part of Asia which his father had allotted to him.

12. Magog: From whom descended the Parthians, Bactrians, Amazons, etc.; Parthalon, the first planter of Ireland, about three hundred years after the Flood; and also the rest of the colonies that planted there, viz., the Nemedians, who planted Ireland, Anno Mundi three thousand and forty-six, or three hundred and eighteen years after the birth of Abraham, and two thousand one hundred and fifty-three years before Christ. The Nemedians continued in Ireland for two hundred and seventeen years; within which time a colony of theirs went into the northern parts of Scotland, under the conduct of their leader Briottan Maol, from whom Britain takes its name, and not from "Brutus," as some persons believed. From Magog were also descended the Belgarian, Belgian, Firbolgian or Firvolgian colony that succeeded the Nemedians, Anno Mundi, three thousand two hundred and sixty-six, and who first erected Ireland into a Monarchy. [According to some writers, the Fomorians invaded Ireland next after the Nemedians.] This Belgarian or Firvolgian colony continued in Ireland for thirty-six years, under nine of their Kings; when they were supplanted by the Tuatha-de-Danann (which means, according to some authorities, "the people of the god Dan", whom they adored), who possessed Ireland for one hundred and ninety-seven years, during the reigns of nine of their kings; and who were then conquered by the Gaelic, Milesian, or Scotic Nation (the three names by which the Irish people were known), Anno Mundi three thousand five hundred. This Milesian or Scotic Irish Nation possessed and enjoyed the Kingdom of Ireland for two thousand eight hundred and eighty-five years, under one hundred and eighty-three Monarchs; until their submission to King Henry the Second of England, Anno Domini one thousand one hundred and eighty-six.

13. Boath, one of the sons of Magog; to whom Scythia came as his lot, upon the division of the Earth by Noah amongst his sons, and by Japhet of his part thereof amongst his sons.

14. Phœniusa Farsaidh (or Fenius Farsa) was King of Scythia, at the time when Ninus ruled the Assyrian Empire; and, being a wise man and desirous to learn the languages that not long before confounded the builders of the Tower of Babel, employed able and learned men to go among the dispersed multitude to learn their several languages; who sometime after returning well skilled in what they went for, Phœniusa Farsaidh erected a school in the valley of Senaar, near the city of Æothena, in the forty-second year of the reign of Ninus; whereupon, having continued there with his younger son Niul for twenty years, he returned home to his kingdom, which, at his death, he left to the oldest son Nenuall; leaving to Niul no other patrimony than his learning and the benefit of the said school.

15. Niul, after his father returned to Scythia, continued some time at Æothena, teaching the languages and other laudable sciences, until upon report of his great learning he was invited into Egypt by Pharaoh, the King; who gave him the land of Campus Cyrunt, near the Red Sea to inhabit, and his daughter Scota in marriage; from whom their posterity are ever since called Scots; but, according to some annalists, the name "Scots" is derived from the word Scythia.

It was this Niul that employed Gaodhal [Gael], son of Ethor, a learned and skilful man, to compose or rather refine and adorn the language, called Bearla Tobbai, which was common to all Niul's posterity, and afterwards called Gaodhilg (or Gaelic), from the said Gaodhal who composed or refined it; and for his sake also Niul called his own eldest son "Gaodhal." [The following is a translation of an extract from the derivation of this proper name, as given in Halliday's Vol. of Keating's Irish History, page 230: "Antiquaries assert that the name of Gaodhal is from the compound word formed of 'gaoith' and 'dil,' which means a lover of learning; for, 'gaoith' is the same as wisdom or learning, and 'dil' is the same as loving or fond."]

16. Gaodhal (or Gathelus), the son of Niul, and ancestor of Clan-na-Gael, that is, "the children or descendants of Gaodhal". In his youth this Gaodhal was stung in the neck by a serpent, and was immediately brought to Moses, who, laying his rod upon the wounded place, instantly cured him; whence followed the word "Glas" to be added to his named, as Gaodhal Glas (glas: Irish, green; Lat. glaucus; Gr. glaukos), on account of the green scar which the word signifies, and which, during his life, remained on his neck after the wound was healed. And Gaodhal obtained a further blessing, namely-that no venomous beast can live any time where his posterity should inhabit; which is verified in Creta or Candia, Gothia or Getulia, Ireland, etc. The Irish chroniclers affirm that from this time Gaodhal and his posterity did paint the figures of Beasts, Birds, etc., on their banners and shields, to distinguish their tribes and septs, in imitation of the Israelites; and that a "Thunderbolt" was the cognisance in their chief standard for many generations after this Gaodhal.

17. Asruth, after his father's death, continued in Egypt and governed his colony in peace during his life.

18. Sruth, soon after his father's death, was set upon by the Egyptians, on account of their former animosities towards their predecessors for having taken part with the Israelites against them; which animosities until then lay raked up in the embers, and now broke out in a flame to that degree, that after many battles and conflicts wherein most of his colony lost their live, Sruth was forced with the few remaining to depart the country; and, after many traverses at sea, arrived at the Island of Creta (now called Candia), where he paid his last tribute to nature.

19. Heber Scut (scut: Irish, a Scot), after his father's death and a year's stay in Creta, departed thence, leaving some of his people to inhabit the Island, where some of their posterity likely still remain; "because the Island breeds no venomous serpent ever since." He and his people soon after arrived in Scythia; where his cousins, the posterity of Nenuall (eldest son of Fenius Farsa, above mentioned), refusing to allot a place of habitation form him and his colony, they fought many battles wherein Heber (with the assistance of some of the natives who were ill-affected towards their king), being always victor, he at length forced the sovereignty from the other, and settled himself and his colony in Scythia, who continued there for four generations. (Hence the epithet Scut, "a Scot" or "a Scythian," was applied to this Heber, who was accordingly called Heber Scot.) Heber Scot was afterwards slain in battle by Noemus the former king's son.

20. Baouman;

21. Ogaman; and

22. Tait, were each kings of Scythia, but in constant war with the natives; so that after Tait's death his son,

23. Agnon and his followers betook themselves to sea, wandering and coasting upon the Caspian Sean for several (some say seven) years in which time he died.

24. Lamhfionn and his fleet remained at sea for some time, after his father's death, resting and refreshing themselves upon such islands as they met with. It was then the Cachear, their magician or Druid, foretold that there would be no end of their peregrinations and travel until they should arrive at the Western Island of Europe, now called Ireland, which was the place destined for their future and lasting abode and settlement; and that not they but their posterity after three hundred years should arrive there. After many traverses of fortune at sea, this little fleet with their leader arrived at last and landed at Gothia or Geulia-more recently called Lybia, where Carthage was afterwards built; and, soon after, Lamhfionn died there.

25. Heber Glunfionn was born in Gothia, where he died. His posterity continued there to the eighth generation; and were kings or chief rulers there for one hundred and fifty years-some say three hundred years.

26. Agnan Fionn;

27. Febric Glas;

28. Nenuall;

29. Nuadhad;

30. Alladh;

31. Arcadh; and

32. Deag: of these nothing remarkable is mentioned, but that they lived and died kings in Gothia or Getulia.

33. Brath was born in Gothia. Remembering the Druid's prediction, and his people having considerably multiplied during their abode in Geulia, he departed thence with a numerous fleet to seek out the country destined for their final settlement, by the prophecy of Cachear, the Druid above mentioned; and, after some time, he landed upon the coast of Spain, and by strong hand settled himself and his colony in Galicia, in the north of that country.

34. Breoghan (or Brigus) was king of Galicia, Andalusia, Murcia, Castile, and Portugal-all of which he conquered. He built Breoghan's Tower or Brigantia in Galicia, and the city of Brigantia or Braganza in Portugal-called after him; and the kingdom of Castile was then also called after him Brigia. It is considered that "Castile" itself was so called from the figure of a castle which Brigus bore for his Arms on his banner. Brigus sent a colony into Britain, who settled in that territory now known as the counties of York, Lancaster, Durham, Westmoreland, and Cumberland, and, after him were called Brigantes; whose posterity gave formidable opposition to the Romans, at the time of the Roman invasion of Britain.

35. Bilé; was king of those countries after his father's death; and his son Galamh [galav] or Milesius succeeded him. This Bilé had a brother named Ithe.

36. Milesius, in his youth and in his father's life-time, went into Scythia, where he was kindly received by the king of that country, who gave him his daughter in marriage, and appointed him General of his forces. In this capacity Milesius defeated the king's enemies, gained much fame, and the love of all the king's subjects. His growing greatness and popularity excited against him the jealousy of the king; who, fearing the worst, resolved on privately dispatching Milesius our of the way, for, openly, he dare not attempt it. Admonished of the king's intentions in his regard, Milesius slew him; and thereupon quitted Scythia and retired into Egypt with a fleet of sixty sail. Pharaoh Nectonibus, then king of Egypt, being informed of his arrival and of his great valour, wisdom, and conduct in arms, made him General of all his forces against the king of Ethiopia then invading his country. Here, as in Scythia, Milesius was victorious; he forced the enemy to submit to the conqueror's own terms of peace. By these exploits Milesius found great favour with Pharaoh, who gave him, being then a widower, his daughter Scota in marriage; and kept him eight years afterwards in Egypt. During the sojourn of Milesius in Egypt, he employed the most ingenious and able persons among his people to be instructed in the several trades, arts, and sciences used in Egypt; in order to have them taught to the rest of his people on his return to Spain. [The original name of Milesius of Spain was "Galamh" (gall: Irish, a stranger; amh, a negative affix), which means, no stranger: meaning that he was no stranger in Egypt, where he was called "Milethea Spaine," which was afterwards contracted to "Miló Spaine" (meaning the Spanish Hero), and finally to "Milesius" (mileadh: Irish, a hero; Lat. miles, a soldier).] At length Milesius took leave of his father-in-law, and steered towards Spain; where he arrived to the great joy and comfort of his people; who were much harassed by the rebellion of the natives and by the intrusion of other foreign nations that forced in after his father's death, and during his own long absence from Spain. With these and those he often met; and, in fifty-four battles, victoriously fought, he routed, destroyed, and totally extirpated them out of the country, which he settled in peace and quietness. In his reign a great dearth and famine occurred in Spain, of twenty-six years' continuance, occasioned, as well by reason of the former troubles which hindered the people from cultivating, and manuring the ground, as for want of rain to moisten the earth - but Milesius superstitiously believed the famine to have fallen upon him and his people as a judgment and punishment from their gods, for their negligence in seeking out the country destined for their final abode, so long before foretold by Cachear their Druid or magician, as already mentioned - the time limited by the prophecy for the accomplishment thereof being now nearly, if not fully, expired. To expiate his fault and to comply with the will of his gods, Milesius, with the general approbation of his people, sent his uncle Ithe, with his son Lughaidh [Luy], and one hundred and fifty stout men to bring them an account of those western islands; who, accordingly, arriving at the island since then called Ireland, and landing in that part of it now called Munster, left his son with fifty of his men to guard the ship, and with the rest travelled about the island. Informed, among other things, that the three sons of Cearmad, called Mac-Cuill, MacCeacht, and MacGreine, did then and for thirty years before rule and govern the island, each for one year, in his turn; and that the country was called after the names of their three queens - Eire, Fodhla, and Banbha, respectively: one year called "Eire," the next "Fodhla," and the next "Banbha," as their husbands reigned in their regular turns; by which names the island is ever since indifferently called, but most commonly "Eire," because that MacCuill, the husband of Eire, ruled and governed the country in his turn the year that the Clan-na-Milé (or the sons of Milesius) arrived in and conquered Ireland. And being further informed that the three brothers were then at their palace at Aileach Neid, in the north part of the country, engaged in the settlement of some disputes concerning their family jewels, Ithe directed his course thither; sending orders to his son to sail about with his ship and the rest of his men, and meet him there. When Ithe arrived where the (Danann) brothers were, be was honourably received and entertained by them; and, finding him to be a mail of great wisdom and knowledge, they referred their disputes to him for decision. That decision having met their entire satisfaction, Ithe exhorted them to mutual love, peace, and forbearance; adding much in praise of their delightful, pleasant, and fruitful country; and then took his leave, to return to his ship, and go back to Spain. No sooner was he gone than the brothers; began to reflect on the high commendations which Ithe gave of the Island; and, suspecting his design of bringing others to invade it, resolved to prevent them, and therefore pursued him with a strong party, overtook him, fought and routed his men and wounded himself to death (before his son or the rest of his men left on ship-board could come to his rescue) at a place called, from that fight and his name, Magh Ithe or "The plain of Ithe" (an extensive plain in the barony of Raphoe, county Donegal); whence his son, having found him in that condition, brought his dead and mangled body back into Spain, and there exposed it to public view, thereby to excite his friends and relations to avenge his murder. [Note: that all the invaders and planters of Ireland, namely, Parthalonians, Neimhedh, the Firbolgs, Tuatha-de-Danann, and Clan-na-Milé, where originally Scythians, of the line of Japbet, who had the language called Bearla-Tobbai or Gaoidhilg [Gaelic] common amongst them all; and consequently not to be wondered at, that Ithe and the Tuatha-de-Danann understood one another without an Interpreter - both speaking the same language, though perhaps with some difference in the accent]. The exposing of the dead body of Ithe had the desired effect; for, thereupon, Milesius made great preparations in order to invade Ireland - as well to avenge his uncle's death, as also in obedience to the will of his gods, signified by the prophecy of Cachear, aforesaid. But, before he could effect that object, he died, leaving the care, and charge of that expedition upon his eight legitimate sons by his two wives before mentioned. Milesius was a very valiant champion, a great warrior, and fortunate and prosperous in all his undertakings: witness his name of "Milesius," given him from the many battles (some say a thousand, which the word "Milé" signifies in Irish as well as in Latin) which he victoriously fought and won, as well in Spain, as in all the other countries and kingdoms be traversed in his younger days. The eight brothers were neither forgetful nor negligent in the execution of their father's command; but, soon after his death, with a numerous fleet well manned and equipped, set forth from Breoghan's Tower or Brigantia (now Corunna) in Galicia, in Spain, and sailed prosperously to the coasts of Ireland or lnis-Fail, where they met many difficulties and various chances before they could land: occasioned by the diabolical arts, sorceries, and enchantments used by the Tuatha-de-Danann, to obstruct their landing; for, by their magic art, they enchanted the island so as to appear to the Milesians or Clan-na-Milé in the form of a Hog, and no way to come at it (whence the island, among the many other names it had before, was called "Muc-Inis or "The Hog Island"); and withal raised so great a storm, that the Milesian fleet was thereby totally dispersed and many of them cast away, wherein five of the eight brothers, sons of Milesius, lost their lives. That part of the fleet commanded by Heber, Heremon, and Amergin (the three surviving, brothers), and Heber Donn, son of Ir (one of the brothers lost in the storm), overcame all opposition, landed safe, fought and routed the three Tuatha-de Danann Kings at Slieve-Mis, and thence pursued and overtook them at Tailten, where another bloody battle was fought; wherein the three (Tuatha-de-Danann) Kings and their Queens were slain, and their army utterly routed and destroyed: so that they could never after give any opposition to the Clan-na-Milé in their new conquest; who, having thus sufficiently avenged the death of their great uncle Ithe, gained the possession of the country foretold them by Cachear, some ages past, as already mentioned. Heber and Heremon, the chief leading men remaining of the eight brothers, sons of Milesius aforesaid, divided the kingdom between them (allotting a proportion of land to their brother Amergin, who was their Arch-priest, Druid, or magician; and to their nephew Heber Donn, and to the rest of their chief commanders), and became jointly the first of one hundred and eighty-three Kings or sole Monarchs of the Gaelic, Milesian, or Scottish Race, that ruled and governed Ireland, successively, for two thousand eight hundred and eighty-five years from the first year of their reign), Anno Mundi three thousand five hundred, to their submission to the Crown of England in the person of King Henry the Second; who, being also of the Milesian Race by Maude, his mother, was lineally descended from Fergus Mór MacEarca, first King of Scotland, who was descended from the said Heremon - so that the succession may be truly said to continue in the Milesian Blood from before Christ one thousand six hundred and ninety-nine years down to the present time. Heber and Heremon reigned jointly one year only, when, upon a difference between their ambitious wives, they quarrelled and fought a battle at Ardeath or Geshill (Geashill, near Tullamore in the King's County), where Heber was slain by Heremon; and, soon after, Amergin, who claimed an equal share in the government, was, in another battle fought between them, likewise slain by Heremon. Thus, Heremon became sole Monarch, and made a new division of the land amongst his comrades and friends, viz.: the south part, now called Munster, he gave to his brother Heber's four sons, Er, Orba, Feron, and Fergna; the north part, now Ulster, he gave to Ir's only son Heber Donn; the east part or Coigeadh, Galian, now called Leinster, be gave to Criomthann-sciath-bheil, one of his commanders; and the west part, now called Connaught, Heremon gave to Un-Mac-Oigge, another of his commanders; allotting a part of Munster to Lughaidh (the son of Ithe, the first Milesian discoverer of Ireland), amongst his brother Heber's sons. From these three brothers, Heber, Ir, and Heremon (Amergin dying without issue), are descended all the Milesian Irish of Ireland and Scotland, viz.: from Heber, the eldest brother, the provincial Kings of Munster (of whom thirty-eight were sole Monarchs of Ireland), and most of the nobility and gentry of Munster, and many noble families in Scotland, are descended. From Ir, the second brother, all the provincial Kings of Ulster (of whom twenty-six were sole Monarchs of Ireland), and all the ancient nobility and gentry of Ulster, and many noble families in Leinster, Munster, and Connaught, derive their pedigrees; and, in Scotland, the Clan-na-Rory - the descendants of an eminent man, named Ruadhri or Roderick, who was Monarch of Ireland for seventy years (viz., from Before Christ 288 to 218). From Heremon, the youngest of the three brothers, were descended one hundred and fourteen sole Monarchs of Ireland: the provincial Kings and Hermonian nobility and gentry of Leinster, Connaught, Meath, Orgiall, Tirowen, Tirconnell, and Clan-na-boy; the Kings of Dalriada; all the Kings of Scotland from Fergus Mór MacEarea, down to the Stuarts; and the Kings and Queens of England from Henry the Second down to tile present time. The issue of Ithe is not accounted among the Milesian Irish or Clan-na-Milé, as not being descended from Milesius, but from his uncle Ithe; of whose posterity there were also some Monarchs of Ireland (see Roll of the Irish Monarchs, infra), and many provincial or half provincial Kings of Munster: that country upon its first division being allocated to the sons of Heber and to Lughaidh, son of Ithe, whose posterity continued there accordingly. This invasion, conquest, or plantation of Ireland by the Milesian or Scottish Nation took place in the Year of the World three thousand Ova hundred, or the next year after Solomon began the foundation of the Temple of Jerusalem, and one thousand six hundred and ninety-nine years before the Nativity of our Saviour Jesus Christ; which, according to the Irish computation of Time, occurred Anno Mundi five thousand one hundred and ninety-nine: therein agreeing with the Septuagint, Roman Martyrologies, Eusebius, Orosius, and other ancient authors; which computation the ancient Irish chroniclers exactly observed in their Books of the Reigns of the Monarchs of Ireland, and other Antiquities of that Kingdom ; out of which the Roll of the Monarchs of Ireland, from the beginning of the Milesian Monarchy to their submission to King Henry the Second of England, a Prince of their own Blood, is exactly collected. [As the Milesian invasion of Ireland took place the next year after the laying of the foundation of the Temple of Jerusalem by Solomon, King of Israel, we may infer that Solomon was contemporary with Milesius of Spain; and that the Pharaoh King of Egypt, who (1 Kings iii. 1,) gave his daughter in marriage to Solomon, was the Pharaoh who conferred on Milesius of Spain the hand of another daughter Scota.] Milesius of Spain bore three Lions in his shield and standard, for the following reasons; namely, that, in his travels in his younger days into foreign countries, passing through Africa, he, by his cunning and valour, killed in one morning three Lions; and that, in memory of so noble and valiant an exploit, he always after bore three Lions on his shield, which his two surviving sons Heber and Heremon, and his grandson Heber Donn, son of Ir, after their conquest of Ireland, divided amongst them, as well as they did the country: each of them. bearing a Lion in his shield and banner, but of different colours; which the Chiefs of their posterity continue to this day: some with additions and differences; others plain and entire as they had it from their ancestors.

37. Ir: his son. This Prince was one of the chief leaders of the expedition undertaken for the conquest of Erinn, but was doomed never to set foot on the "Sacred Isle;" a violent storm scattered the fleet as it was coasting round the island in search of a landing place, the vessel commanded by him was separated from the rest of the fleet and driven upon the island since called Scellig-Mhicheal, off the Kerry coast, where it split on a rock and sank with all on board, B.C. 1700.

38. Heber Donn: his son; born in Spain; was granted by Heber and Heremon the possession of the northern part of Ireland, now called Ulster.

39. Hebric: his son; was killed in a domestic quarrel.

40. Artra: his youngest son; succeeded in the government of Uladh or Ulster; his elder brothers, Cearmna and Sobhrach, put forth their claims to sovereign authority, gave battle to the Monarch Eochaidh, whom they slew and then mounted his throne; they were at length slain: Sobhrach at Dun Sobhrach, or "Dunseverick," in the county of Antrim, by Eochaidh Meann; and Cearmna (in a sanguinary battle fought near Dun Cearmna, now called the Old Head at Kinsale, in the county of Cork, where he had his residence), by his successor Eochaidh Faobhar-glas, grandson of Heber Fionn, B.C. 1492.

41. Artrach: son of Artra.

42. Sedna: his son; slew Rotheacta, son of Maoin, of the race of Heremon, Monarch of Ireland, and, mounting his throne, became the 23rd Monarch. It was during his reign that the Dubhloingeas or "pirates of the black fleet" came to plunder the royal palace of Cruachan in Roscommon, and the King was slain, in an encounter with those plunderers, by his own son and successor, who mistook his father for a pirate chief whom he had slain and whose helmet he wore.

43. Fiacha Fionn Scothach, the 24th Monarch: son of Sedna; so called from the abundance of white flowers with which every plain in Erinn abounded during his reign; was born in the palace of Rath-Cruachan, B.C. 1402; and slain, B.C. 1332, in the 20th year of his reign, by Munmoin, of the Line of Heber.

44. Eochaidh (2): his son; better known as Ollamh Fodhla, i.e., "Ollamh, or chief poet of Fodhla" (or Ireland); began his reign, A.M. 3882, B.C. 1317 (according to the received computation of the Septuagint, making A.D. 1 agree with A.M. 5199). This Eochaidh was the 27th Monarch of Ireland, and reigned 40 years. It was this Monarch who first instituted the Feis Teamhrach (or "Parliament of Tara"), which met about the time called "Samhuin" (or 1st of November) for making laws, reforming general abuses, revising antiquities, genealogies, and chronicles, and purging them from all corruption and falsehood that might have been foisted into them since the last meeting. This Triennial Convention was the first Parliament of which we have any record on the face of the globe; and was strictly observed from its first institution to A.D. 1172; and, even as late as A.D. 1258, we read in our native Annals of an Irish Parliament, at or near Newry. (See "O'Neill" Stem, No. 113.) It was this Monarch who built Mur Ollamhan at Teamhair (which means "Ollamh's fort at Tara"); he also appointed a chieftain over every cantred and a brughaidh over every townland.

According to some chroniclers, "Ulster" was first called Uladh, from Ollamh Fodhla. His posterity maintained themselves in the Monarchy of Ireland for 250 years, without any of the two other septs of Heber and Heremon intercepting them. He died at an advanced age, A.M. 3922, at his own Mur (or house) at Tara, leaving five sons, viz.: 1. Slanoll; 2. Finachta Fionnsneachta (or Elim); 3. Gead Ollghothach, and 4. Fiacha, who were successively Monarchs of Ireland; and 5. Cairbre.

45. Cairbre: son of Ollamh Fodhla; King of Uladh; d. in the 22nd year of the reign of his brother Fiacha.

46. Labhradh: his son; governed Ulster during the long reign of his cousin Oiliol, son of Slanoll.

47. Bratha: his son; was slain by Breasrigh, a prince of the Heberian race, in the 12th year of the reign of Nuadhas Fionn-Fail.

48. Fionn: his son; fought against the Monarch Eochaidh Apach at Tara, defeated him, and became the 42nd Monarch; but after a reign of 22 years was slain by Seidnae Innaraidh, his successor.

49. Siorlamh: his son; so called from the extraordinary length of his hands (Lat. "longimanus," or longhanded); slew the Monarch Lughaidh Iardhonn, and assumed the sovereignty of the kingdom, which he held for 16 years, at the expiration of which, in B.C. 855, he was slain by Eochaidh Uarceas, son of the former King.

50. Argeadmar (or Argethamar): his son; ascended the Throne of Ireland, B.C. 777, and was the 58th Monarch; after a reign of 30 years, was slain by Duach Ladhrach. He left four sons: - 1. Fiontan, whose son, Ciombaoth, was the 63rd Monarch; 2. Diomain, whose son, Dithorba, became the 62nd Monarch; 3. Badhum, who was father of Aodh Ruadh, the 61st Monarch, who was drowned at Eas Ruadh (or Assaroe), now Ballyshannon, in the county of Donegal, and grandfather of Macha Mongruadh, or "Macha of the Golden Tresses," the 64th Monarch, and the only queen Ireland ever has had, who laid the foundation of the Royal Palace of Emania, in the county of Armagh, where her consort Cimbath, died of the plague; the fourth son of Argeadmar was Fomhar.

51. Fomhar: son of Argeadmar; died during the reign of Cimbath.

52. Dubh: his son; was King of Ulster.

53. Ros: his son.

54. Srubh: his son.

55. Indereach: his son.

56. Glas: his son.

57. Carbre (or Cathair): his son.

58. Feabhardhile: his son.

59. Fomhar (2): his son.

60. Dubh (2): his son.

61. Sithrich: his son.

62. Ruadhri (or Rory) Mór: his son; was the 86th Monarch; died B.C. 218. From him the "Clan-na-Rory" were so called. He left, amongst other children - 1. Bresal Bodhiobha, and 2. Congall Clareineach, who were respectively the 88th and the 90th Monarchs; 3. Conragh, the father of the 105th Monarch Eiliomh; 4. Fachna Fathach, the 92nd Monarch, who, by his wife Neasa was father of Conor; 5. Ros Ruadh, who by his wife Roigh, the father of the celebrated Fergus Mór; and 6. Cionga, the ancestor of the heroic Conal Cearnach, from whom are descended O'Moore, MacGuinness, M'Gowan, and several other powerful families in Ulster and Conacht.

63. Ros Ruadh: son of Rory Mór; m. Roigh, dau. of an Ulster Prince.

64. Fergus Mór: his son; commonly called "Fergus MacRoy" or "Fergus MacRoich," from Roigh, his mother, who was of the sept of Ithe; was King of Ulster for three (some say seven) years, and then forced from the sovereignty by his cousin, Conor MacNeasa, where-upon he retired into Conacht, where he was received by Maedhbh (Maev) Queen of that Province, and by her husband Oilioll Mór, and, sustained by them, was in continual war with Conor MacNeasa during their lives.

Maedhbh was the dau. of Eochy Feidlioch, the 93rd Monarch, who gave her in marriage to his favourite Tinne, son of Conragh, son of Ruadhri Mór (No. 62 on this stem), with the Province of Conacht as a dowry. This prince was slain at Tara by Monire, a Lagenian prince, in a personal quarrel; and Maedhbh soon after married Oilioll (who was much older than she was), the son of Ros Ruadh by Matha Muireasg, a Lagenian princess. Oiliol was far advanced in years when Fergus Mór sought shelter beneath his roof at Rath-Craughan, in Roscommon, and the Queen Maedhbh, being young, strayed from virtue's path, proved with child by Fergus, and was delivered of three male children at a birth. The names of these princes were: - 1. Ciar [Kiar], a quo Ciarruighe Luachra, Ciarruighe Chuirc, Ciarruighe Aoi, and Ciarruighe Coinmean; 2. Corc, a quo Corc Modhruadh (or Corcumroe); and 3. Conmac, a quo Conmaicne-Mara (now Connemara), Conmaicne Cuile Tolaigh (now the barony of Kilmaine, co. Mayo), Conmaicne Magh Rein (the present co. Longford, and the southern half of the co. Leitrim), Conmaicne Cinel Dubhain (now the barony of Dunmore, co. Galway).

According to the native genealogists these three sons of Fergus and Maedhbh ought to stand in the following order - 1. Conmac; 2. Ciar; and 3. Corc.

Fergus Mór was slain by an officer belonging to the court of Oiliol Mór, as he was bathing in a pond near the royal residence, and he was interred at Magh Aoi.

The other children of Fergus Mór were: - 1. Dallan, 2. Anluim, 3. Conri, 4. Aongus Fionn, 5. Oiliol, 6. Firceighid, 7. Uiter, 8. Finfailig, 9. Firtleachta, and 10. Binne.

65. Conmac: eldest son of Fergus Mór, by Maedhbh; whose portion of his mother's inheritance and what he acquired by his own prowess and valour, was called after his name: "Conmaicne" being equivalent to Posterity of Conmac. The five Conmaicne contained all that (territory) which we now call the county of Longford, a large part of the counties of Leitrim, Sligo, and Galway; and Conmaicne Beicce, now called "Cuircneach" or Dillon's Country, in the county of Westmeath, over all of which this Conmac's posterity were styled Kings, till they were driven out by English adventurers.

66. Moghatoi: his son.

67. Messaman: his son.

68. Mochta: his son.

69. Cetghun: his son.

70. Enna: his son.

71. Gobhre: his son.

72. Iuchar: his son.

73. Eoghaman: his son.

74. Alta: his son.

75. Tairc: his son.

76. Teagha: his son; had a brother, Dallan, who had a son Lughdach, who had a son Lughdach, whose son was St. Canice of Aghaboe.

77. Ethinon: his son.

78. Orbsenmar: his son; after whose death a great Lake or Loch broke out in the place where he dwelt; which, from him, is ever since called "Loch Orbsen" (now Lough Corrib).

79. Conmac: his son; some Irish annalists are of opinion that the territories called "Conmacne" above mentioned, are called after this Conmac, and not from Conmac, No. 65 on this Stem.

80. Lughach: his son.

81. Beibhdhe: his son.

82. Bearra: his son; a quo O'Bearra, anglicised Berry and Bury.

83. Uisle: his son.

84. Eachdach: his son.

85. Forneart: his son.

86. Neart: his son.

87. Meadhrua: his son.

88. Dubh: his son.

89. Earcoll: his son.

90. Earc: his son.

91. Eachdach: his son.

92. Cuscrach: his son.

93. Fionnfhear: his son.

94. Fionnlogh: his son.

95. Onchu: his son.

96. Neidhe: his son.

97. Finghin: his son.

98. Fiobrann: his son

99. Mairne: his son. From this Mairne's brothers are descended O'Canavan, O'Birren, Birney, and MacBirney, O'Kenney, O'Branagan, Martin, Bredin, etc.

100. Croman: son of Mairne.

101. Eimhin: his son

102. Angall: his son. From this Angall that part of Conmacne now known as the county of Longford, and part of the county of Westmeath was called the "Upper Anghaile," or Upper Annaly; and the adjacent part of the county of Leitrim was called the "Lower Anghaile," or Lower Annaly; and his posterity after they lost the title of Kings of Conmacne, which his ancestors enjoyed, were, upon their subjugation by the Anglo-Normans, and on their consenting that their country be made "Shire ground," styled lords of both Anghalies or Annalies.

103. Braon: his son. This Braon's brother Fingin was ancestor of Finnegan, etc.

104. Congal: son of Braon.

105. Feargal ("feargal": Irish, a valiant warrior): his son, a quo O'Fergail, anglicised O'Farrell, O'Ferrall, Farrell, Princes of Annaly. This Feargal was King of Conmacne; and was slain fighting on the side of Brian Boru, at the battle of Clontarf, A.D. 1014:

106. Eochaidh: son of Feargal.

107. Seanloch: his son.

108. Braon O'Farrell: his son; first of the family that assumed this surname.

109. Giollaiosa: his son; had a brother named Cusleibhe, who was ancestor of Leavy. This name Giollaiosa has been latinized Gillacius, Gelasius, and anglicised Giles.

110. Moroch: his son.

111. Daniel, or Donal: his son.

112. Awly: his son; living in 1268; his dau. Raghnalt, married Hugh O'Connor, King of Conacht, and was drowned in a bath, 1248.

113. Hugh; his son; ancestor of the O'Farrells of Ballinalee; had two sons, Gillacius and Cuchonnacht.

114. Gillacius (2): his son; had two sons: - 1. John, and 2. Moroch.

115. Moroch (2): his son.

116. Cathal (or Charles): his son; had three sons: - 1. Conor, 2. Thomas, and 3. Murrogh Mór.

117. Thomas: his son; had two sons: - 1. Edmund, and 2. Cathal. Edmund was father to Bryan and Geoffrey, progenitors of the O'Farrells of Granard.

118. Cathal (2): his son; had two sons - 1. Roger, and 2. Thomas (1490). Thomas had a son Ceadach, who was father of Lisagh, ancestor of the O'Farrells of Edgeworthstown.

119. Roger: son of Cathal (2).

120. Brian Buidhe (pr. bwee or Boy): his son; had two sons: - 1. Aodh Oge; and 2. Fachna. (1) Aodh Oge was father of Fergus (1599), who was ancestor of the O'Farrell Buidhe; and (2) Fachna was ancestor of the O'Farrells of Longford.

121. Fachna: son of Brian Buidhe; living in 1585; attended Perrott's Parliament that year in Dublin.

122. Iriol: his son.

123. James: his son.

124. Roger: his son.

125. Francis: his son.

126. Roger: his son.

127. James O'Farrell: his son; living in the 18th century.


O'Farrell Ban

JOHN, the eldest son of Gillacius, who is No. 114 above was the ancestor of this family:

115. John: son of Gillacius O'Farrell; had two sons: - 1. Donal, and 2. Hugh.

116. Donal; son of John.

117. John: his son.

118. Cormac: his son.

119. Donal (2): his son.

120. William: his son; living in 1585; attended Perrott's Parliament in Dublin in that year.

121. Ros: his son; living in 1598.


O'Farrell of Rathline

Hugh who is No. 113 on the first pedigree was ancestor of this family:

114. Cuchonnacht: son of Hugh O'Farrell.

115. Giollaiosa: his son.

116. Fergal: his son.

117. John: his son.

118. Cormac Ballach: his son.


O'Farrell Chiefs of Clanhugh

John, son of Gillacius O'Farrell, who is No. 114 on the first pedigree was the founder of this family:

115. John: son to Gillacius O'Farrell.

116. Hugh; his son; had two sons - 1. Gillacius, and 2. Cuchonacht.

117. Gillacius: his son.

118. Murrogh: his son.

119. Cathal: his son; had two sons - 1. Murrogh, and 2. Fergal, whose son Siacus Cam was founder of the O'Farrells of Caltragh and Corlea.

120. Murrogh: his son.

121. Murrogh Oge: his son.

122. Geoffrey: his son; living in 1455.


O'Farrell of Magh Treagha

Cuchonacht No. 116 on the Clanhugh pedigree, was the ancestor of this family:

117. Cuchonacht: son of Hugh O'Farrell.

118. Matthew: his son.

119. Edmund: his son.

120. Hugh Mór: his son.

121. Hugh Oge: his son.

122. Gerald: his son; living in 1497.


O'Farrell of Kenagh

Conor, eldest son of Cathal, who is No. 116 on the first pedigree above, was the founder of this branch of that family:

117. Conor: son of Cathal O'Farrell.

118. Ros: his son; living in 1460.

119. Lisagh: his son; had two sons - 1. Edmund, 2. Carbry, whose son John Ruadh was ancestor of the O'Farrells of Killashee.

120. Edmund: son of Carbry.

121. Fergus: his son.


O'Farrell Chiefs of Clanawley

Murrough Mor third son of Cathal, No. 116 on the first pedigree above was the ancestor of this branch of the family:

117. Murrogh Mór: son to Cathal O'Farrell.

118. Murrogh Og: his son.

119. Brian: his son.

120. John: his son.

121. Daniel: his son; living in 1497.


Farrell of Waterford (unrelated to the main family of O Farrell)

Walter Farrell, married Honora Henneberry (whose sister, Margaret, m. Richard de Courcy), and had issue: 1. Patrick, 2. Peter, 3. John.

2. John Farrell, the third son, m. Alice, 3rd child of Richard Bermingham by Frances White, his wife, and had: 1. Honora, 2. Walter, 3. Richard, 4. Mary, 5. Frances, 6. Patrick, 7. Peter, 8. John.

3. Walter, the eldest son, married Bridget, dau. of John Reville by Mary O'Brien (recté ni-Brien), his wife, and had eleven children, nine of whom d. s. p. He acquired by purchase St. Saviour's or Black Friars Abbey, Waterford, which was established by King Henry III. in 1235 at the request of the citizens for the Dominican Order; and also some house property adjoining. Part of this was subsequently demolished for city improvements. The rest remains in the family.

Richard Farrell, the 2nd son, b. 1771, m. 1808 Mary Ann, 3rd child of Robert-Thomas Power (son of Thomas Power by Mary Cummins his wife), by his wife, Mary Doyle (eldest child of John Doyle by his wife, Alice Russell, née Spencer); and has: 1. Mary, 2. John, of whom presently; 3. Robert, 4. Richard, 5. Robert, 6. Walter, 7. Edward, 8. Alicia, of whom presently; 9. Maria, living unm. in 1887; 10. Thomas, 11. Marcus, 12. Charles, 13. Thomas.

Richard, living in 1887, youngest child of the aforesaid Walter Farrell and Bridget Reville, married Mary Downey, living in 1887, and has: 1. Kate, 2. Mary, twins; 3. Walter, 4. Annie, 5. John, 6. Gertrude, 7. Alice, 8. Richard, 9. Augustine, 10. Margaret-Mary, 11. Francis, 12. Frances, all living, unm., in 1887, in Waterford, except Annie, who is in the Sister of Mercy Convent, Rochester, N.Y.; and Francis, who died in infancy.

Alicia (b. 1817, living in 1887), 8th child of the foresaid Richard Farrell and Mary Ann Power, m. in 1848 John Flynn, of Kilkenny, widower (b. 1806, living in 1887), son of James Flynn of Limerick by his wife, Catherine O'Connor (recté Ni-Connor) of Wexford; and has: 1. Mary-Anne (b. 1849), living in 1887, in the Passionist Convent, Mamers, France; 2. Alice, of whom presently; 3. Richard, 4. Richard-Joseph, 5. Mary, 6. Mary-Agnus, 7. Robert, living in 1887; 8. Alphonsus, of whom presently; 9. John-Aloysius, of whom presently.

Alice, living in 1887, the second child of Alicia, married Richard Dempsey and has: 1. Mary-Alicia, 2. Clement-Thomas.

Alphonsus, 8th child of Alicia, m. Florence Dempsey (both living in 1887) and has had: 1. John-Archibald, who died an infant; 2. Richard-Clement, 3. Bertha, 4. Walter-Henry, the three last living in 1887, in Dublin.

John Aloysius, of Orange Grove Estate, Luckhardt, Sydney (living in 1887), 9th child, married Mary Leonard, and has: 1. Alicia-Mary, 2. Richard-Patrick.

4. John Farrell, eldest son of the aforesaid Richard Farrell by Mary Ann Power, m. his first cousin, 10th child of Walter Farrell and Bridget Reville, and has eight children, of whom four now survive (in 1887).

5. Walter Farrell, the second son of these, was b. 1865, living, unm., in 1887, in London.