Special Feature brought to you by ARALTAS.COM

Ó Catháin, MacCathain, O Cahan, Keane, Kane, MacCain

Note: To save on valuble webspace, these images are in Portable Network Graphic (.PNG) format and may not be visble with some older browsers. Click image for a full size view, then click "File/Save As" to save it to you hard drive.

There were two great septs of Ó Catháin. The earlier anglicized form of this name was O'Cahan, and even as late as the beginning of the present century, O'Cahans were still found in Co. Derry; but in modern times the forms Keane, Kane, and sometimes O'Kane, are almost universally used, Keane in Munster and Connacht, Kane in Ulster. The two septs were quite distinct originally, but if the belief that the Keanes of Thomond are a branch of Ó Catháin of Ulster is true, as the best authorities assert, the propinquity of Clare to Galway must necessarily lead to uncertainty in the west of Ireland in cases where no pedigree or reliable family tradition exists. In this connection it should be added that the Cahanes of west Clare, who were coarbs of St. Senan, wrote their name MacCahan and are thought to be quite distinct from the O'Cahanes.

The O'Kanes of Keenaght and Coleraine in county Derry were a powerful and important sept, though not of much account before the twelfth century when they ousted the O'Connors of Glengiven (modern Dungiven) from their territory. Once established there they retained their ascendancy in the country which is now Co. Derry until they were ruined by the Plantation of Ulster. Many of this sept appear in the Annals from the year 1170 onwards. According to Keating, O'Cahan was one of the inaugurators of the chiefs of O'Neill. In 1598 the last of their regularly inaugurated chieftains, Donnell Ballagh O'Cahan (died 1617) was formally installed as such. The MacCloskeys (Cluskey) of Co. Derry are a branch of the O'Kanes, being descended from Bloskey O'Kane, slayer of Murtagh O'Loughlin - heir to the throne of Ireland in 1196. Another branch became MacEvinney or MacAvinny (Mac Aibhne in Irish), the eponymous ancestor being Aibhne Ó Catháin. It must be remembered, however, that MacEvinney is also the anglicized form of the Breffny surname Mac Dhuibhne.

Apart from the prowess of the O'Cahans in Ulster in medieval times, the Thomond O'Cahans, or O'Keanes as they were usually called on the continent, supplied many distinguished officers to the armies of France and Spain in the eighteenth century. This name has become corrupted to Kyan in Co. Wicklow where, according to Edmund Hogan S.J. and other authorities, a leading branch of the O'Cahan sept of Co. Derry were settled in the eighteenth century at Ballymurtagh. The name Kyan is quite distinct from Kyne. The other sept was of Ui Fiachrach, located in Co. Galway. Though numerous they were not of great prominence in Connacht in the history of the province, where, however, they are still to be found in large numbers, usually called Cain or Cane.

Finally, the name Kean, usually nowadays without the final e, is that of a Co. Waterford sept quite distinct from O'Cahane, the surname being Ó Cein in Irish. This sept, situated in the territory between Kilmacthomas and Bunmahon, is mentioned by O'Heerin and is still represented there.

Donnell Ballagh O'Cahan, the last chieftain of the Derry O Catháins joined forces with Hugh O Neill, Earl of Tyrone, against the English. Later, he joined the English forces, although he paid the price for this, losing most of his land, but was repaid with a knighthood by James I. This did not save him from dying in the Tower of London in 1617, after many years of imprisonment without trial.

Richard Kane (1667-1736) from County Down had a versatile military career. He reached the rank of brigadier-general in the British army. He fought in France and took part in the defeat of Louis XIV's army at the battle of Blenheim. He transferred to the French army and was a lieutenant-colonel at the victory of the French at the battle of Malplaquet in 1709. Two years later he was in Canada with the Regiment of Irish Foot. He was the military governor of Gibraltar in 1720, during the dispute with Spain. With this background of international service, he wrote widely on miltary strategy.

The Thomond O Cahans or O Keanes, mostly of Connacht and Munster, particularly County Waterford, provided many distinguished officers for the armies of France and Spain in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Eugene O Keane was one of fourteen brothers, four of whom served in France's wars. He was killed in action there in 1693.

Music was one of the few Irish arts that survived the suppression of the old Gaelic culture. A musician who could play the harp was welcome and well looked after in the homes of the humble as well as the mighty. Echlin O Kane (1720-90) was an accomplished performer who was invited to play in the courts of Europe.

In the Dublin Genealogical Office, and in the archives of other European countries, particularly England and France, the pedigrees of the Keanes are amply recorded. In the nineteenth century they were recorded for their involvement in the army, as well as the theatre, science and technology.

Sir Robert John Kane (1809-90) was one of the leading scientists of his time. The son of a Dublin manufacturing chemist, he studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and in Paris. He held many professorships, including Professor of Natural Philosophy with the Royal Dublin Society. He brought his scientific mind to bear on potential sources of wealth that Ireland could harness to develop its industries. In 1845, he was a member of the commission set up to investigate the potato blight and to help relieve the terrible distress during the Famine which followed the failure of that crop. He was the first president of University College, Cork and, later, vice-chancellor of the newly created University College, Dublin.

Edmund Kean (1787-1833) was born in London. His father was Irish and his mother, an actress, is reputed to have been a natural daughter of the Marquis of Halifax. Despite being deserted by his father and abandoned in a Soho doorway by his flighty mother, Kean survived to reach eminence, and merit eight and a half pages in the Dictionary of National Biography. He became the leading actor of his time, in spite of the handicaps of being deaf, lame, small and eccentric. It was his Uncle Moses, a mimic and ventriloquist, who inspired him to study Shakespeare, whose tragic characters suited him admirably. At London's Drury Lane Theatre, his Shylock mesmerized the audience. Coleridge, the leading critic of the day, wrote, "To see Kean is like reading Shakespeare by flashes". Kean toured the USA in 1820. A few years later, his divorce case shattered his nerves and his career. While playing Othello to his son Charles's Iago, he had a seizure and died shortly afterwards, burned out at 46.

Charles John Kean (1811-68), his second son, was born in Waterford, the home of his mother, Mary Chambers. Charles had a far more privileged upbringing than his father. He went to Eton until the age of 16, when his parents' marriage broke up. He was bright enough to be offered a cadetship in the East India Company's service, which he could have accepted if his father had agreed to settle an income of £400 on his mother. However, Edmund Kean refused to do this. The stage was inescapably in Charles's blood and he began acting at Drury Lane, albeit in a humble role. Although always in his famous father's shadow and never as brilliant, or as dissolute, he fared well enough. After a separation of some years, father and son were reunited, and acted together. Charles toured abroad and, for ten years, was director of Queen Victoria's theatricals at Windsor Castle. He revolutionized lighting techniques, and managed the Princess' Theatre in London. He spent a period in Melbourne, where he was praised for helping to raise the social standing of actors and the theatre in Australia. In 1842, he married an actress Ellen Tree (1805-80) in St Thomas's Church in Dublin. That same evening she played Juliet to his Romeo in a performance of The Honeymoon. Charles died in Chelsea, London, a year after his retirement.

Michael Kean (died 1823) was born in Dublin. He studied art before going to London, where he soon made his name as a miniaturist and exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1780 and 1790. He was taken into partnership by the owner of the famous Derby China factory. When the owner died, Michael Kean married his widow and became owner of the factory whose reputation was greatly enhanced by his artistry. But his quick temper drove his wife away and eventually led to the sale of the business. Their only son followed a different career, he was a naval captain.

Joseph B. Keane (d. 1859), one of Ireland's nineteenth-century architects, was educated at the Dublin Office of Works and produced such outstanding work that he was made a Fellow of the Royal Institute of Architects of Ireland. He designed churches, and Queen's College, Galway, was also built to his design. A very fashionable architect, some of his handsome Irish country mansions are still standing: Barmeath Castle, Dunleer, County Louth; Camolin in County Donegal; Castle Irvine in County Fermanagh; Edermine, near Enniscorthy in County Wexford, which he designed, in 1839, in the Italianate style for the Powers of whiskey distillery fame. He also designed Glendalough House at Annarnoe, County Wicklow, for the Childers family, one of whose sons, Erskine, was President of Ireland until his sudden death in 1974.

Paul Kane (1810-71), who was born in Mallow, County Cork, went to Canada with his parents in around 1818. He left school to work in a furniture factory. While in his early twenties, he travelled south to the USA and then to France and Italy where he studied painting. Returning to Canada ten years later, he began to record the native Indians' lifestyle, travelling the country by canoe, horseback and even snowshoe. The resulting series of paintings are of rare historical value and can be seen in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, as well as in the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. Paul Kane left a written record of his travels in his book Wanderings.

August Henry Keane (1833-1912) of Cork was educated in Dublin and studied for the priesthood in Rome. He did not have a vocation, however, and instead devoted his life's work to anthropology, working on geographical and ethnological research and languages. He developed his own system of ethnology. He published many books and was Professor of Hindustani at University College, London, until 1885.

John Thomas Keane (1854-1937) took a calculated risk travelling as Haj Mohammed Amin on the pilgrimage to Mecca in 1877. This seems to have passed off well for he went on other pilgrimages, accompanied by a wealthy Moslem friend. He followed up his success with the books Six Months in Mecca, My Journey to Medina and Blue Water. He died in Australia.

The Keane dynasty of Cappoquin, County Waterford, apart from serving abroad in many capacities, has contributed much to its native land. Sir John Keane (1781-1882), first Baronet, was a Member of Parliament at home and served with the British fleet in the Middle East.

Sir John's second son commanded a brigade in the Peninsular war under Wellington. Later he took a division to America to serve under General Pakenham. He was wounded at the battle of New Orleans, became Governor of Jamaica and later Commander-in-Chief in India, where he commanded the British army in the First Afghan War when the Afghans surrendered after the capture of the town of Ghuznee. For his service he was made Lord Keane of Ghuznee and held the rank of lieutenant-general.

Sir John Keane (1872-1960), fifth Baronet, was a barrister and for twelve years was a member of the first Irish government's Senate and a director of the Bank of Ireland. His son, Sir Richard Keane (born 1909), sixth Baronet, was a writer and farmer at Cappoquin. In the Keane family home there are many portraits and historic relics of Sir Richard's distinguished antecedents.

Edward Vivien Keane, also of Cappoquin, was a civil engineer and, in 1886, built the railway running from Perth to Guildford in Western Australia. He was rewarded with a gift of 80,000 Australian acres and also became Lord Mayor of Perth.

John Joseph Keane (1839-1918) was an Irish-American bishop who, in 1900, was appointed Bishop of Dubuque in Iowa, one of a remarkable number of Irishmen to fill that post. During the Famine of the mid-1880s, he emigrated with his parents from Ballyshannon, County Donegal. He worked in a store, while also studying avidly, so that when he obtained a place at college, at the age of 20, he was able to complete his theological course in three years instead of the usual six. He was the first rector of Washington University. Pope Leo XIII appointed him to serve in two important consultative posts in the Vatican in 1897.

James John Keane (1857-1929) had a fairly similar background to Bishop John Keane, and also became Bishop of Dubuque. An energetic diocesan administrator in his American parishes, he was also, in 1920, a member of the Peace Commission on Ireland. He was a supporter of the League of Nations, created in 1920 to preserve peace and settle disputes by arbitration or conciliation, which had its headquarters in Geneva. In 1946 its role was taken over by the United Nations.

Although she was born at Skrine, in County Cork in 1904, to omit Molly Keane, would leave an unforgivable gap in the Keane history. Before the Second World War, under the pseudonym M.J. Farrell, she wrote novels and plays which were a dazzling success in London's West End theatres. When her husband died she stopped writing. In the 1980s, in her eighties, she made a comeback with a best-selling novel, Good Behaviour, a black comedy about the impoverished Anglo-Irish. This was followed by Time After Time. Both novels have been adapted for television by the BBC.

Marie Kean (1922-93), who was born in Dublin went on the stage when she was ten. For generations she was one of Ireland's most popular actresses, frequently appearing at Dublin's Abbey Theatre and winning international awards.

John B. Keane (born 1928) of Listowel, County Kerry, is a playwright and publican. He gathered his material while working in London as a roadsweeper and barman before returning to Listowel in 1953 to buy his own bar. With no theatrical experience, but an inexhaustible reserve of native literature in his blood, he wrote his very popular series of plays, beginning in 1959 with Sive. This was a great success and led to the production of many of his subsequent plays in Dublin's Abbey Theatre, as well as in London and the USA.


The Genealogy of O Cathain, Kane, Keane and Caine (from O'Hart)

36. Milesius

37. Heremon: his son. He and his eldest brother Heber were, jointly, the first Milesian Monarchs of Ireland; they began to reign, A.M. 3,500, or, Before Christ, 1699. After Heber was slain, B.C. 1698, Heremon reigned singly for fourteen years; during which time a certain colony called by the Irish Cruithneaigh, in English "Cruthneans" or Picts, arrived in Ireland and requested Heremon to assign them a part of the country to settle in, which he refused; but, giving them as wives the widows of the Tuatha-de-Danans, slain in battle, he sent them with a strong party of his own forces to conquer the country then called "Alba," but now Scotland; conditionally, that they and their posterity should be tributary to the Monarchs of Ireland. Heremon died, B.C. 1683, and was succeeded by three of his four sons, named Muimne, Luigne, and Laighean, who reigned jointly for three years, and were slain by their Heberian successors.

38. Irial Faidh ("faidh": Irish, a prophet): his son; was the 10th Monarch of Ireland; died B.C. 1670. This was a very learned King; could foretell things to come; and caused much of the country to be cleared of the ancient forests. He likewise built seven royal palaces, viz., Rath Ciombaoith, Rath Coincheada, Rath Mothuig, Rath Buirioch, Rath Luachat, Rath Croicne, and Rath Boachoill. He won four remarkable battles over his enemies: - Ard Inmath, at Teabtha, where Stirne, the son of Dubh, son of Fomhar, was slain; the second battle was at Teanmhuighe, against the Fomhoraice, where Eichtghe, their leader, was slain; the third was the battle of Loch Muighe, where Lugrot, the son of Moghfeibhis, was slain; and the fourth was the battle of Cuill Martho, where the four sons of Heber were defeated. Irial died in the second year after this battle, having reigned 10 years, and was buried at Magh Muagh.

39. Eithrial: his son; was the 11th Monarch; reigned 20 years; and was slain by Conmaol, the son of Heber Fionn, at the battle of Soirrean, in Leinster, B.C. 1650.

This also was a learned King, he wrote with his own hand the History of the Gaels (or Gadelians); in his reign seven large woods were cleared and much advance made in the practice of agriculture.

40. Foll-Aich: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by Conmaol, the slayer of his father, who usurped his place.

41. Tigernmas: his son; was the 13th Monarch, and reigned 77 years; according to Keating, he reigned but 50 years; he fought twenty-seven battles with the followers of the family of Heber Fionn, all which he gained. In his reign gold was mined near the Liffey, and skilfully worked by Inchadhan. This King also made a law that each grade of society should be known by the number of colours in its wearing apparel: - the clothes of a slave should be of one colour; those of a soldier of two; the dress of a commanding officer to be of three colours; a gentleman's dress, who kept a table for the free entertainment of strangers, to be of four colours; five colours to be allowed to the nobility (the chiefs); and the King, Queen, and Royal Family, as well as the Druids, historians, and other learned men to wear six colours.

This King died, B.C. 1543, on the Eve of 1st of November, with two-thirds of the people of Ireland, at Magh Sleaght (or Field of Adoration), in the county of Leitrim, as he was adoring the Sun-God, Crom Cruach (a quo Macroom).

Historians say this Monarch was the first who introduced image worship in Ireland.

42. Enboath: his son. It was in this prince's lifetime that the Kingdom was divided in two parts by a line drawn from Drogheda to Limerick.

43. Smiomghall: his son; in his lifetime the Picts in Scotland were forced to abide by their oath, and pay homage to the Irish Monarch; seven large woods were also cut down.

44. Fiacha Labhrainn: his son; was the 18th Monarch; reigned 24 years; slew Eochaidh Faobharglas, of the line of Heber, at the battle of Carman. During his reign all the inhabitants of Scotland were brought in subjection to the Irish Monarchy, and the conquest was secured by his son the 20th Monarch. Fiacha at length (B.C. 1448) fell in the battle of Bealgadain, by the hands of Eochaidh Mumho, the son of Moefeibhis, of the race of Heber Fionn.

45. Aongus Olmucach: his son; was the 20th Monarch; in his reign the Picts again refused to pay the tribute imposed on them 250 years before, by Heremon, but this Monarch went with a strong army into Alba and in thirty pitched battles overcame them and forced them to pay the required tribute.

Aongus was at length slain by Eana, in the battle of Carman, B.C. 1409.

46. Main: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by Eadna, of the line of Heber Fionn. In his time silver shields were given as rewards for bravery to the Irish militia.

47. Rotheachtach: his son; was the 22nd Monarch; slain, B.C. 1357, by Sedne (or Seadhna), of the Line of Ir.

48. Dein: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by his father's slayer, and his son. In his time gentlemen and noblemen first wore gold chains round their necks, as a sign of their birth; and golden helmets were given to brave soldiers,

49. Siorna "Saoghalach" (long-oevus): his son; was the 34th Monarch; he obtained the name "Saoghalach" on account of his extraordinary long life; slain, B.C 1030, at Aillin, by Rotheachta, of the line of Heber Fionn, who usurped the Monarchy, thereby excluding from the throne -

50. Olioll Aolcheoin: son of Siorna Saoghalach.

51. Gialchadh: his son; was the 37th Monarch; killed by Art Imleach, of the Line of Heber Fionn, at Moighe Muadh, B.C. 1013.

52. Nuadhas Fionnfail: his son; was the 39th Monarch; slain by Breasrioghacta, his successor, B.C. 961.

53. Aedan Glas: his son. In his time the coast was infested with pirates; and there occurred a dreadful plague (Apthach) which swept away most of the inhabitants.

54. Simeon Breac: his son; was the 44th Monarch; he inhumanly caused his predecessor to be torn asunder; but, after a reign of six years, he met with a like death, by order of Duach Fionn, son to the murdered King, B.C. 903.

55. Muredach Bolgach: his son; was the 46th Monarch; killed by Eadhna Dearg, B.C. 892; he had two sons - Duach Teamhrach, and Fiacha.

56. Fiacha Tolgrach: son of Muredach; was the 55th Monarch. His brother Duach had two sons, Eochaidh Framhuine and Conang Beag-eaglach, who were the 51st and 53rd Monarchs of Ireland.

Fiacha's life was ended by the sword of Oilioll Fionn, of the Line of Heber Fionn, B.C. 795.

57. Duach Ladhrach: his son; was the 59th Monarch; killed by Lughaidh Laighe, son of Oilioll Fionn, B.C. 737.

58. Eochaidh Buadhach: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by his father's slayer. In his time the kingdom was twice visited with a plague.

59. Ugaine Mór: his son. This Ugaine (or Hugony) the Great was the 66th Monarch of Ireland. Was called Mór on account of his extensive dominions, - being sovereign of all the Islands of Western Europe. Was married to Cæsair, daughter to the King of France, and by her had issue - twenty-two sons and three daughters. In order to prevent these children encroaching on each other he divided the Kingdom into twenty-five portions, allotting to each his (or her) distinct inheritance. By means of this division the taxes of the country were collected during the succeeding 300 years. All the sons died without issue except two, viz: - Laeghaire Lorc, ancestor of all the Leinster Heremonians; and Cobthach Caolbhreagh, from whom the Heremonians of Leath Cuinn, viz., Meath, Ulster, and Conacht derive their pedigree.

Ugaine was at length, B.C. 593, slain by Badhbhchadh, who failed to secure the fruits of his murder - the Irish Throne, as he was executed by order of Laeghaire Lorc, the murdered Monarch's son, who became the 68th Monarch.

60. Colethach Caol-bhreagh: son of Ugaine Mór; was the 69th Monarch; it is said, that, to secure the Throne, he assassinated his brother Laeghaire; after a long reign he was at length slain by Maion, his nephew, B.C. 541.

61. Melg Molbhthach: his son; was the 71st Monarch; was slain by Modhchorb, son of Cobhthach Caomh, of the Line of Heber Fionn, B.C. 541.

62. Iaran Gleofathach: his son; was the 74th Monarch; was a King of great justice and wisdom very well learned and possessed of many accomplishments; slain by Fear-Chorb, son of Modh-Chorb, B.C. 473.

63. Conla Caomh: his son; was the 74th Monarch of Ireland; died a natural death, B.C. 442.

64. Olioll Cas-fiachlach: his son; was the 77th Monarch; slain by his successor, Adhamhar Foltchaion, B.C. 417.

65. Eochaidh Alt-Leathan: his son; was the 79th Monarch; slain by Feargus Fortamhail, his successor, B.C. 395.

66. Aongus (or Æneas) Tuirmeach-Teamrach: his son; was the 81st Monarch; his son, Fiacha Firmara (so called from being exposed in a small boat on the sea) was ancestor of the Kings of Dalriada and Argyle in Scotland. This Aongus was slain at Tara (Teamhrach), B.C. 324.

67. Enna Aigneach: the legitimate son of Aongus; was the 84th Monarch; was of a very bountiful disposition, and exceedingly munificent in his donations. This King lost his life by the hands of Criomthan Cosgrach, B.C. 292.

68. Assaman Eamhna: his son; was excluded from the Throne by his father's murderer.

69. Roighen Ruadh: his son; in his time most of the cattle in Ireland died of murrain.

70. Fionnlogh: his son.

71. Fionn: his son; married Benia, daughter of Criomthan; had two sons.

72. Eochaidh Feidlioch: his son; was the 93rd Monarch; m Clothfionn, daughter of Eochaidh Uchtleathan, who was a very virtuous lady. By him she had three children at a birth - Breas, Nar, and Lothar (the Fineamhas), who were slain at the battle of Dromchriadh; after their death, a melancholy settled on the Monarch, hence his name "Feidhlioch." This Monarch caused the division of the Kingdom by Ugaine Mór into twenty-five parts, to cease; and ordered that the ancient Firvolgian division into Provinces should be resumed, viz., Two Munsters, Leinster, Conacht, and Ulster. He also divided the government of these Provinces amongst his favourite courtiers: - Conacht he divided into three parts between Fiodhach, Eochaidh Allat, and Tinne, son of Conragh, son of Ruadhri Mór, No 62 on the "Line of Ir;" Ulster (Uladh) he gave to Feargus, the son of Leighe; Leinster he gave to Ros, the son of Feargus Fairge; and the two Munsters he gave to Tighernach Teadhbheamach and Deagbadah. After this division of the Kingdom, Eochaidh proceeded to erect a Royal Palace in Conacht; this he built on Tinne's government in a place called Druin-na-n Druagh, now Craughan (from Craughan Crodhearg, Maedhbh's mother, to whom she gave the palace), but previously, Rath Eochaidh. About the same time he bestowed his daughter the Princess Maedhbh on Tinne, whom he constituted King of Conacht; Maedhbh being hereditary Queen of that Province. After many years reign Tinne was slain by Maceacht (or Monaire) at Tara. After ten years' undivided reign, Queen Maedhbh married Oilioll Mór, son of Ros Ruadh, of Leinster, to whom she bore the seven Maine; Oilioll Mór was at length slain by Conall Cearnach, who was soon after killed by the people of Conacht. Maedhbh was at length slain by Ferbhuidhe, the son of Conor MacNeasa (Neasa was his mother); but in reality this Conor was the son of Fachtna Fathach, son of Cas, son of Ruadhri Mór, of the Line of Ir. This Monarch, Eochaidh, died at Tara, B.C. 130.

73. Bress-Nar-Lothar: his son. In his time the Irish first dug graves beneath the surface to bury their dead; previously they laid the body on the surface and heaped stones over it. He had also been named Fineamhnas.

74. Lughaidh Sriabh-n Dearg: his son; was the 98th Monarch; he entered into an alliance with the King of Denmark, whose daughter, Dearborguill, he obtained as his wife; he killed himself by falling on his sword in the eighth year Before CHRIST.

75. Crimthann-Niadh-Nar: his son; who was the 100th Monarch of Ireland, and styled "The Heroic." It was in this Monarch's reign that our Lord and Saviour JESUS CHRIST was born. Crimthann's death was occasioned by a fall from his horse, B.C. 9. Was married to Nar-Tath-Chaoch, daughter of Laoch, son of Daire, who lived in the land of the Picts (Scotland).

76. Feredach Fionn-Feachtnach: his son; was the 102nd Monarch. The epithet "feachtnach" was applied to this Monarch because of his truth and sincerity. In his reign lived Moran, the son of Maom, a celebrated Brehon, or Chief Justice of the Kingdom; it is said that he was the first who wore the wonderful collar called Iodhain Morain; this collar possessed a wonderful property: - if the judge who wore it attempted to pass a false judgment it would immediately contract, so as nearly to stop his breathing; but if he reversed such false sentence the collar would at once enlarge itself, and hang loose around his neck. This collar was also caused to be worn by those who acted as witnesses, so as to test the accuracy of their evidence. This Monarch, Feredach, died a natural death at the regal city at Tara, A.D. 36.

77. Fiacha Fionn Ola: his son; was the 104th Monarch; reigned 17 years, and was (A.D. 56) slain by Eiliomh MacConrach, of the Race of Ir, who succeeded him on the throne. This Fiacha was married to Eithne, daughter of the King of Alba; whither, being near her confinement at the death of her husband, she went, and was there delivered of a son, who was named Tuathal.

78. Tuathal Teachtmar: that son; was the 106th Monarch of Ireland. When Tuathal came of age, he got together his friends, and, with what aid his grandfather the king of Alba gave him, came into Ireland and fought and overcame his enemies in twenty-five battles in Ulster, twenty-five in Leinster, as many in Connaught, and thirty-five in Munster. And having thus restored the true royal blood and heirs to their respective provincial kingdoms, he thought fit to take, as he accordingly did with their consent, fron each of the four divisions or provinces Munster, Leinster, Connaught, and Ulster, a considerable tract of ground which was the next adjoining to Uisneach (where Tuathal had a palace): one east, another west, a third south, and a fourth on the north of it; and appointed all four (tracts of ground so taken from the four provinces) under the name of Midhe or "Meath" to belong for ever after to the Monarch's own peculiar demesne for the maintenance of his table; on each of which several portions he built a royal palace for himself and his heirs and successors; for every of which portions the Monarch ordained a certain chiefry or tribute to be yearly paid to the provincial Kings from whose provinces the said portions were taken, which may be seen at large in the Chronicles. It was this Monarch that imposed the great and insupportable fine (or "Eric") of 6,000 cows or beeves, as many fat muttons, (as many) hogs, 6,000 mantles, 6,000 ounces (or "Uinge") of silver, and 12,000 (others have it 6,000) cauldrons or pots of brass, to be paid every second year by the province of Leinster to the Monarchs of Ireland for ever, for the death of his only two daughters Fithir and Darina. (See Paper "Ancient Leinster Tributes," in the Appendix). This tribute was punctually taken and exacted, sometimes by fire and sword, during the reigns of forty Monarchs of Ireland upwards of six hundred years, until at last remitted by Finachta Fleadhach, the 153rd Monarch of Ireland, and the 26th Christian Monarch, at the request and earnest solicitation of St. Moling. At the end of thirty years' reign, the Monarch Tuathal was slain by his successor Mal, A.D. 106.

This Monarch erected Royal Palace at Tailtean; around the grave of Queen Tailte he caused the Fairs to be resumed on La Lughnasa (Lewy's Day), to which were brought all of the youth of both sexes of a suitable age to be married, at which Fair the marriage articles were agreed upon, and the ceremony performed.

Tuathal married Baine, the daughter of Sgaile Balbh, King of England.

79. Fedhlimidh (Felim) Rachtmar: his son; was so called as being a maker of excellent wholesome laws, among which he established with all firmness that of "Retaliation;" kept to it inviolably; and by that means preserved the people in peace, quiet, plenty, and security during his time. This Felim was the 108th Monarch; reigned nine years; and, after all his pomp and greatness, died of thirst, A.D. 119. He married Ughna, daughter of the King of Denmark.

80. Conn Ceadcathach (or Conn of the Hundred Battles); his son; This Conn was so called from hundreds of battles by him fought and won: viz., sixty battles against Cahir Mór, King of Leinster and the 109th Monarch of Ireland, whom he slew and succeeded in the Monarchy; one hundred battles against the Ulsterians; and one hundred more in Munster against Owen Mór (or Mogha Nua-Dhad), their King, who, notwithstanding, forced the said Conn to an equal division of the Kingdom with him. He had two brothers - 1. Eochaidh Fionn-Fohart, 2. Fiacha Suidhe, who, to make way for themselves, murdered two of their brother's sons named Conla Ruadh and Crionna; but they were by the third son Art Eanfhear banished, first into Leinster, and then into Munster, where they lived near Cashel. They were seated at Deici Teamhrach (now the barony of Desee in Meath), whence they were expelled by the Monarch Cormac Ulfhada, son of Art; and, after various wanderings, they went to Munster where Oilioll Olum, who was married to Sadhbh, daughter of Conn of the Hundred Battles, gave them a large district of the present county of Waterford, a part of which is still called Na-Deiseacha, or the baronies of Desies. They were also given the country comprised in the present baronies of Clonmel, Upper-Third, and Middle-Third, in the co. Tipperary, which they held till the Anglo-Norman Invasion. From Eochaidh Fionn-Fohart decended O'Nowlan or Nolan of Fowerty (or Foharta), in Lease (or Leix), and Saint Bridget; and from Fiacha Suidhe are O'Dolan, O'Brick of Dunbrick, and O'Faelan of Dun Faelan, near Cashel. Conn of the Hundred Battles had also three daughters: 1. Sadhbh, who married first, MacNiadh, after whose death she married Oilioll Olum, King of Munster. (See No. 84 on the "Line of Heber"); 2. Maoin; and 3. Sarah (or Sarad), married to Conan MacMogha Laine.

Conn reigned 35 years; but was at length barbarously slain by Tiobraidhe Tireach, son of Mal, son of Rochruidhe, King of Ulster. This murder was committed in Tara, A.D. 157, when Conn chanced to be alone and unattended by his guards; the assassins were fifty ruffians, disguised as women, whom the King of Ulster employed for the purpose.


81. Art Eanfhear ("art:" Irish, a bear, a stone; noble, great, generous; hardness, cruelty. "Ean:" Irish, one; "fhear," "ar," the man; Gr. "Ar," The Man, or God of War): son of Conn of the Hundred Fights; a quo O'h-Airt, anglicised O'Hart. This Art, who was the 112th Monarch of Ireland, had three sisters - one of whom Sarad was the wife of Conaire Mac Mogha Laine, the 111th Monarch, by whom she had three sons called the "Three Cairbres," viz. - 1. Cairbre (alias Eochaidh) Riada - a quo "Dalriada," in Ireland, and in Scotland; 2. Cairbre Bascaon; 3. Cairbre Musc, who was the ancestor of O'Falvey, lords of Corcaguiney, etc. Sabina (or Sadhbh), another sister, was the wife of MacNiadh [nia], half King of Munster (of the Sept of Lughaidh, son of Ithe), by whom she had a son named Maccon; and by her second husband Olioll Olum she had nine sons, seven whereof were slain by their half brother Maccon, in the famous battle of Magh Mucroimhe [muccrove], in the county of Galway, where also the Monarch Art himself fell, siding with his brother-in-law Olioll Olum against the said Maccon, after a reign of thirty years, A.D. 195. This Art was married to Maedhbh, Leathdearg, the daughter of Conann Cualann; from this Queen, Rath Maedhbhe, near Tara, obtained its name.

82. Cormac Ulfhada: son of Art Eanfhear; married Eithne, daughter of Dunlang, King of Leinster; had three elder brothers - 1. Artghen, 2. Boindia, 3. Bonnrigh. He had also six sons - 1. Cairbre Lifeachar, 2. Muireadach, 3. Moghruith, 4. Ceallach, 5. Daire, 6. Aongus Fionn: Nos. 4 and 5 left no issue. King Cormac Mac Art was the 115th Monarch of Ireland; and was called "Ulfhada," because of his long beard. He was the wisest, most learned, and best of any of the Milesian race before him, that ruled the Kingdom. He ordained several good laws; wrote several learned treatises, among which his treatise on "Kingly Government," directed to his son Carbry Liffechar, is extant and extraordinary. He was very magnificent in his housekeeping and attendants, having always one thousand one hundred and fifty persons in his daily retinue constantly attending at his Great Hall at Tara; which was three hundred feet long, thirty cubits high, and fifty cubits broad, with fourteen doors to it. His daily service of plate, flagons, drinking cups of gold, silver., and precious stone, at his table, ordinarily consisted of one hundred and fifty pieces, besides dishes, etc., which were all pure silver or gold. He ordained that ten choice persons should constantly attend him and his successors - Monarchs of Ireland, and never to be absent from him, viz. - 1. A nobleman to be his companion; 2. A judge to deliver and explain the laws of the country in the King's presence upon all occasions; 3. An antiquary or historiographer to declare and preserve the genealogies, acts, and occurrences of the nobility and gentry from time to time as occasion required; 4. A Druid or Magician to offer sacrifice, and presage good or bad omens, as his learning, skill, or knowledge would enable him; 5. A poet to praise or dispraise every one according to his good or bad actions; 6. A physician to administer physic to the king and queen, and to the rest of the (royal) family; 7. A musician to compose music, and sing pleasant sonnets in the King's presence when there-unto disposed; and 8, 9, and 10, three Stewards to govern the King's House in all things appertaining thereunto. This custom was observed by all the succeeding Monarchs down to Brian Boromha [Boru], the 175th Monarch of Ireland, and the 60th down from Cormac, without any alteration only that since they received the Christian Faith they changed the Druid or Magician for a Prelate of the Church.

What is besides delivered from antiquity of this great Monarch is, that (which among the truly wise is more valuable than any worldly magnificence or secular glory whatsoever) he was to all mankind very just, and so upright in his actions, judgments, and laws, that God revealed unto him the light of His Faith seven years before his death; and from thenceforward he refused his Druids to worship their idol-gods, and openly professed he would no more worship any but the true God of the Universe, the Immortal and Invisible King of Ages. Whereupon the Druids sought his destruction, which they soon after effected (God permitting it) by their adjurations and ministry of damned spirits choking him as he sat at dinner eating of salmon, some say by a bone of the fish sticking in his throat, A.D. 266, after he had reigned forty years. Of the six sons of Cormac Mac Art, no issue is recorded from any [of them], but from Cairbre-Lifeachar; he had also ten daughters, but there is no account of any of them only two - namely, Grace (or Grania), and Ailbh [alve], who were both successively the wives of the great champion and general of the Irish Militia, Fionn, the son of Cubhall [Coole]. The mother of Cormac MacArt was Eachtach, the daughter of Ulcheatagh.

Cormac was married to Eithne Ollamhdha, daughter of Dunlang, son of Eana Niadh; she was fostered by Buiciodh Brughach, in Leinster.

83. Cairbre-Lifeachar, the 117th Monarch of Ireland: son of King Cormac Mac Art; was so called from his having been nursed by the side of the Liffey, the river on which Dublin is built. His mother was Eithne, daughter of Dunlong, King of Leinster. He had three sons - 1. Eochaidh Dubhlen; 2. Eocho; and 3. Fiacha Srabhteine, who was the 120th Monarch of Ireland, and the ancestor of O'Neill, Princes of Tyrone. Fiacha Srabhteine was so called, from his having been fostered at Dunsrabhteine, in Connaught; of which province he was King, before his elevation to the Monarchy. After seventeen years' reign, the Monarch Cairbre Lifeachar was slain at the battle of Gabhra [Gaura], A.D. 284, by Simeon, the son of Ceirb, who came from the south of Leinster to this battle, fought by the Militia of Ireland, who were called the Fiana Erionn (or Fenians), and arising from a quarrel which happened between the; in which the Monarch, taking part with one side against the other, lost his life.

84. Fiacha Srabhteine, King of Conacht, and the 120th Monarch of Ireland: son of Cairbre-Liffechar; married Aoife, daughter of the King of Gall Gaodhal. This Fiacha, after 37 years' reign, was, in the battleof Dubhcomar, A.D. 322, slain by his nephews, the Three Collas, to make room for Colla Uais, who seized on, and kept, the Monarchy for four years. From those three Collas the "Clan Colla" were so called.

85. Muireadach Tireach: son of Fiacha Srabhteine; married Muirion, daughter of Fiachadh, King of Ulster; and having, in A.D. 326, fought and defeated Colla Uais, and banished him and his two brothers into Scotland, regained his father's Throne, which he kept as the 122nd Monarch for 30 years.

86. Eochaidh Muigh-Meadhoin [Moyvone]: his son; was the 124th Monarch; and in the 8th year of his reign died a natural death at Tara, A.D. 365; leaving issue four sons, viz., by his first wife Mong Fionn: - I. Brian; II. Fiachra; III. Olioll; IV. Fergus. And, by his second wife, Carthan Cais Dubh (or Carinna), daughter of the Celtic King of Britain, - V. Niall Mór, commonly called "Niall of the Nine Hostages." Mong Fionn was daughter of Fiodhach, and sister of Crimthann, King of Munster, of the Heberian Sept, and successor of Eochaidh in the Monarchy. This Crimthann was poisoned by his sister Mong-Fionn, in hopes that Brian, her eldest son by Eochaidh, would succeed in the Monarchy. To avoid suspicion she herself drank of the same poisoned cup which she presented to her brother; but, notwithstanding that she lost her life by so doing, yet her expectations were not realised, for the said Brian and her other three sons by the said Eochaidh were laid aside (whether out of horror of the mother's inhumanity in poisoning her brother, or otherwise, is not known), and the youngest son of Eochaidh, by Carthan Cais Dubh, was preferred to the Monarchy. I. Brian, from him were descended the Kings, nobility and gentry of Conacht - Tirloch Mór O'Connor, the 121st, and Roderic O'Connor, the 183rd Monarch of Ireland. II. Fiachra's descendants gave their name to Tir-Fiachra ("Tireragh"), co. Sligo, and possessed also parts of co. Mayo. III. Olioll's descendants settled in Sligo - in Tir Oliolla (or Tirerill). This Fiachra had five sons: - 1. Earc Cuilbhuide; 2. Breasal; 3. Conaire; 4. Feredach (or Dathi); and 5. Amhalgaidh.

87. Niall Mór: his son; a quo the "Hy-Niall" of Ulster, Meath, and Conacht. He was twice married: - his first Queen was Inne, the daughter of Luighdheach, who was the relict of Fiachadh; his second Queen was Roigneach, by whom he had Nos. I., II., III., IV., V., VI., and VII., as given below. This Niall Mór succeeded his Uncle Crimthann; and was the 126th Monarch of Ireland. He was a stout, wise, and warlike prince, and fortunate in all his conquests and achievements, and therefore called "Great." He was also called Niall Naoi-Ghiallach or "Niall of the Nine Hostages," from the royal hostages taken from nine several countries by him subdued and made tributary: viz., - 1. Munster, 2. Leinster, 3. Conacht, 4. Ulster, 5. Britain, 6. the Picts, 7. the Dalriads, 8. the Saxons, and 9. the Morini - a people of France, towards Calais and Piccardy; whence he marched with his victorious army of Irish, Scots, Picts, and Britons, further into France, in order to aid the Celtic natives in expelling the Roman Eagles, and thus to conquer that portion of the Roman Empire; and, encamping on the river Leor (now called Lianne), was, as he sat by the river side, treacherously assassinated by Eocha, son of Enna Cinsalach, king of Leinster, in revenge of a former "wrong" by him received from the said Niall. The spot on the Leor (not "Loire") where this Monarch was murdered is still called the "Ford of Niall," near Boulogne-sur-mer. It was in the ninth year of his reign that St. Patrick was first brought into Ireland, at the age of 16 years, among two hundred children brought by the Irish Army out of Little Brittany (called also Armorica), in France. Niall Mór was the first that gave the name of Scotia Minor to "Scotland," and ordained it to be ever after so called; until then it went by the name of "Alba."

Niall had twelve sons: - I. Eoghan; II. Laeghaire (or Leary), the 128th Monarch, in the 4th year of whose reign St. Patrick, the second time, came into Ireland to plant the Christian Faith, A.D. 432; III. Conall Crimthann, ancestor of O'Melaghlin, Kings of Meath; IV. Conall Gulban, ancestor of O'Donnell (princes, lords, and earls of the territory of Tirconnell), and of O'Boyle, O'Dogherty, O'Gallagher, etc.; V. Fiacha, from whom the territory from Birr to the Hill of Uisneach in Media Hibernioe (or Meath) is called "Cineal Fiacha," and from him MacGeoghagan, lords of that territory, O'Molloy, O'Donechar, Donaher (or Dooner), etc., derive their pedigree; VI. Main, whose patrimony was all the tract of land from Lochree to Loch Annin, near Mullingar, and from whom are descended Fox (lords of the Muintir Tagan territory), MacGawley, O'Dugan, O'Mulchonry (the princes antiquaries of Ireland), O'Henergy, etc.; VII. Cairbre, ancestor of OFlanagan, of Tua Ratha, "Muintir Cathalan" (or Cahill) etc.; VIII. Fergus (a quo "Cineal Fergusa" or Ferguson), ancestor of O'Hagan, etc.; IX. Enna; X. Aongus or Æneas; XI. Ualdhearg; and XII. Fergus Altleathan. Of these last four sons we find no issue.

88. Eoghan (Eugene, or Owen): son of Niall Mór; from whom the territory of "Tir-Eoghan" (now Tirowen or Tyrone), in Ulster is so called. From this Owen came (among others) the following families: O'Cahan, or O'Cane, O'Daly of "Leath Cuinn" (or the kingdoms of Meath, Ulster, and Conacht), O'Crean, Grogan, O'Carolan, etc.

This Eoghan, Prince of Ulster, was baptized by St. Patrick at the Royal Palace of Aileach; and our Ulster Annalists state that it was his foot which was pierced by the Bacchal Iosa during the ceremony. (See the "Line of Heber Stem," No. 91.)

89. Muireadach (III.): son of Eoghan; was married to Earca, daughter of Loarn, King of Dalriada in Scotland, and by her had many sons and daughters, two of them are especially mentioned: - Muirceartach Mór, and Fergus Mór, both called "Mac Earca." From this Fergus Mór descended the Kings of Scotland, and thence, through Queen Matilda, the Kings of England, including the Royal Houses of Plantagenet, Stuart, and D'Este.

This Muireadach who had a brother named Eachagh Binneach, had twelve sons: - I. and II. above mentioned; III. Fearach (or Fearadach), ancestor of Mac Cathmhaoil (or Cowell, Campbell, etc.); IV. Tigernach, ancestor of O'Cunigan, and O'h-Easa (anglicised Hosey, Hussey, and O'Swell); V. Mongan, ancestor of O'Croidhen (Creedon or Croydon), O'Donnelly, etc.; VI. Dalach: VII. Maon, ancestor of O'Gormley, OMaolmichil, O'Doraigen, ("dor:" Ir. a confine; "aigein," the ocean), anglicised Dorrine, Dorien, and modernized Dorrian; VIII. Fergus; IX. and X. named Loarn; XI. and XII. called Aongus.

In the 20th year of the reign of the Monarch Lughaidh, the son of Laeghaire, with a complete army, Fergus Mór Mac Earca, (with his five brothers, VIII., IX., X., XI., and XII., above mentioned went into Scotland to assist his grandfather King Loarn, who was much oppressed by his enemies the Picts; who were vanquished by Fergus and his party, who prosecuted the war so vigorously, followed the enemy to their own homes, and reduced them to such extremity, that they were glad to accept peace upon the conqueror's own conditions; whereupon, on the King's death, which happened about the same time, the said Fergus Mór Mac Earca was unanimously elected and chosen king as being of the blood royal by his mother. And the said Fergus, for a good and lucky omen, sent to his brother, who was then Monarch of Ireland, for the Marble Seat called "Saxum Fatale" (in Irish, Liath Fail, and Cloch-na-Cinneamhna, implying in English the Stone of Destiny or Fortune), to be crowned thereon; which happened accordingly; for, as he was the first absolute King of all Scotland of the Milesian Race, so the succession continued in his blood and lineage ever since to this day.

90. Muirceartach (or Muriartach) Mór Mac Earca: his son. This Muriartach, the eldest son of Muireadach (3), was the 131st Monarch of Ireland; reigned 24 years; and died naturally in his bed, which was rare among the Irish Monarchs in those days; but others say he was burned in a house after being "drowned in wine" (meaning that he was under the influence of drink) on All-Halontide (or All-Hallow) Eve, A.D. 527. Married Duinseach, daughter of Duach Teangabha, King of Conacht. He had issue - I. Donal Ilchealgach; II. Fergus, who became the 135th Monarch; III. Baodan (or Boetanus), who was the 137th Monarch of Ireland, and was the father of Lochan Dilmhain, a quo Dillon, according to some genealogists; IV. Colman Rimidh, the 142nd Monarch; V. Néiline; and VI. Scanlan.

91. Donal Ilchealgach (Ilchealgach: Irish, deceitful): eldest son of Muirceartach; was the 134th Monarch; reigned jointly with his brother Fergus for three years: these princes were obliged to make war on the people of Leinster; fought the memorable battle of Gabhrah-Liffé, where four hundred of the nobility and gentry of that province were slain, together with the greater part of the army.

In this reign Dioman Mac Muireadhach, who governed Ulster ten years, was killed by Bachlachuibh. Donal and Fergus both died of "the plague," in one day, A.D. 561.

92. Aodh (or Hugh): Donal's son; Prince of Ulster. This Aodh Uariodhnach was the 143rd Monarch; he had frequent wars, but at length defeated his enemies in the battle of Odhbha, in which Conall Laoghbreag, son of Aodh Slaine, was killed. Soon after this battle, the Monarch Aodh was killed in the battle of Da Fearta, A.D. 607.

93. Maolfreach: his son; Prince of Ulster; had at least two sons: - 1. Maoldoon; and II. Maoltuile, a quo Multully, Tully, and Flood of Ulster.

94. Maoldoon: his son; Prince of Ulster; had two sons: I. Fargal; and II. Adam, who was ancestor to O'Daly of "Leath Cuin." His wife was Cacht, daughter of Maolchabha, King of Cineall Connill.

95. Fargal: son of Maoldoon, was the 156th Monarch of Ireland; was slain, in A.D. 718, by Moroch, King of Leinster. Married Aithiochta, daughter of Cein O'Connor, King of Conacht. This Fargal had four sons: I. Niall Frassach; II. Connor (or Conchobhar), who was ancestor of O'Cahan; III. Hugh Allan (or Aodh Olann), the 160th Monarch, and ancestor of O'Brian, of Ulster; and IV. Colca, a quo Culkin.

96. Connor: second son of Fargal, the 156th Monarch of Ireland; a quo O'Connor, of Moy Ith, county Donegal; had a brother named Hugh.

97. Gruagan ("gruag:" Irish, the hair), meaning "the hairy man:" his son; a quo O'Gruagain, anglicised Grogan and Gregan; had a brother named Dermod, who was ancestor of O'Connor, of Moy Ith.

98. Dungan: son of Gruagan.

99. Cathan ("cath:" Irish, a battle, and "an," one who; Heb. "chath," terror): his son; a quo O'Cathain.

100. Cathusach: his son.

101. Dermod: his son; had a brother named Flaitheartach.

102. Conn Cionntach O'Cahan: son of Dermod; first assumed this sirname; had a brother named Annselan, who was the ancestor of O'Bocainain ("bocain:" Irish, fairies; "an," one who), anglicised Buchanan. This Annselan was the first of the family who settled in Scotland.

103. Giollachriosd: his son.

104. Iomhar: his son.

105. Ranall: his son.

106. Eachmarcach: his son.

107. Donall: his son.

108. Rory: his son.

109. Manus Catha an Duin: his son; Prince of Limavady; killed by the English in the "battle of Down," A.D. 1260: hence the epithet Catha an Duin.

110. Cumagh-na-nGall (or "Cumagh of the English"): his son.

111. Dermod (2): his son.

112. Cumagh (2): his son; living, A.D. 1350.

113. Dermod (3): his son.

114. Aibhneach: his son; had a brother named Henry, a quo the "Clan Henry," or Henry.

115. John (or Shane): son of Aibhneach; died 1498.

116. Donoch-an-Einigh (or "Donoch the Affable"): his son; a quo Macaneinigh, anglicised MacAneny; died 1523. Had a brother named Donall or Daniel, who was ancestor of Keane, of Cappoquin, and Keane, of the county Clare, etc.

117. Manus: son of Donoch an Einigh; slain 1548.

118. Rory Ruadh [roe]: his son; died 1598.

119. Donall Ballach: his son; lord of the Route, and of Limavady, in the county Derry. This Donall, in 1602, surrendered to the English the Castle of Oinough (or Eanagh), and all the lands between the river Foghan and Lough Foyle, as far as the Bann; and obtained a grant of escheated lands in the co. Waterford; was Knighted at Drogheda, in 1607, by Sir Arthur Chichester, lord deputy of Ireland. Sir Donall O'Cahan had four younger brothers - 1. Hugh, who was the ancestor of Kane, of Drumreaske, co. Monaghan; 2. Manus; 3. Rory; 4. Shane (or John) Carrach ("carrach:" Irish , scabbed, bald; Heb. "Karrach," stony, rocky).

120. Rory: a younger son of Sir Donall Ballach; had an elder brother, Donall Gobhlach.

121. Eanagh: son of Rory. This Eanagh O'Cahan married Jana (or Jane) Ware.

122. Richard: the second son of Eanagh. Had five brothers - 1. John (who was the eldest), 2. Roger, 3. Henry, 4. Eanagh, 5. Patrick; and five sisters - 1. Elizabeth (who was married to a Roger O'Cahan of the Route), 2. Maria (m. to Lysah Ferall, of Newton, co. Longford), 3. Jana, 4. Margaret, 5. Norah.

123. Richard O'Cahan, of Laragh Bryan, near Maynooth, co. Kildare: son of Richard; had a younger brother, Thomas O'Cahan, who, after the Battle of the Boyne, settled in the county Leitrim, and was the ancestor of Caine, of Manchester, England. Richard, after the same memorable Battle, settled in the county Kildare, assumed the name Keane, more lately Kean, and lastly Cane. In 1695 he occupied (according to Leases in the Duke of Leinster's Rent Office) a farm at Donaghstown, near Maynooth; and, in 1698, became seized of a large farm at Laragh Bryan. Since that period the Church-yard of Laragh Bryan has been the burial-place of his branch of this family. This Richard had three sons - 1. William, of Dowdstown (or Dowstown), near Maynooth, who is No. 124, infra, on this Genealogy. 2. Joseph, who died 1756. 3. Richard, of Laragh Bryan (Will dated 28th December, 1754), who married Anne Cane, and by her had three sons and two daughters: the sons were - 1. Richard, 2. William-Lyons, 3. John; the daughters were - 1. Jane, 2. Alice.

124. William Cane, of Dowdstown (d. at Dowdstown, 1st Sept., 1739): eldest son of Richard (No. 123), of Laragh Bryan; married 7th Oct., 1712, Alice Stowell, by whom he had eight sons and five daughters:

I. Richard, born 1713; died young.

II. Rev. John, born 1714, married Grace Proby, of Hannington, co. of Wilts, and living at Leixlip, co. Kildare, in 1739. Their only child, Grace-Alice, married Thomas Atkinson, Esq., of the Royal Horse Artillery.

III. James, born 1715, lived at Inchicore, Dublin, and left two sons - 1. William, 2. James, of Ratoath, and two daughters; living in 1739. The son William was a Lawyer, born in Dublin, 8th July, 1742; married a Miss Johnston; retired to France before 1786; died at Tours, on 30th April, 1818, leaving issue one son: William, Lieut. 17th Foot, born in London, 4th March, 1772; died at Martinique, 10th July, 1794, leaving issue two sons: 1. William, born at Tours, 1st September, 1795, died at Tours, 5th Feb., 1815. 2. James, of 39 Rue Royale, Tours; born at Tours, 7th Dec., 1798; died unmarried April, 1868. 2. James, of Ratoath, co. Meath, second son of James, of Inchicore; Captain 12th Dragoons; married Jane, third daughter of William Roe, Esq., of Roe's-Green, co. Tipperary, and had issue one son, William. 1. Jane, the eldest daughter of James Cane, of Inchicore, married Andrew Walsh, of Oatlands, co. Meath, and had three sons and a daughter The sons were: 1. William Jeremy Walsh, who left no issue. 2. James Walsh, married and had three sons and three daughters The sons were: 1. William-Henry Walsh, living unmarried in 1879. 2. John Walsh, living unmarried in 1879. 3. Henry Walsh, living in 1879; had one son and three daughters The son is: 1. James Walsh, of Clifton, England, living in 1879. 3. Henry - Thomas Walsh, the third son of Jane and Andrew Walsh, of Oatlands, co. Meath, left no issue. 2. Mary the second daughter of James Cane, of Inchicore.

IV. Hugh Cane, of Dowdstown, co. Kildare, Lt.-Col. 5th Dragoons, the fourth son of William and Alice Cane; born 1716, died 19th January, 1793; was M.P. for Tallaght, co. Dublin. This Hugh was twice married: first to Louisa, daughter of Edward Riggs, Esq., county Cork; and secondly, to Annabella, Lady Blakiston, relict of Sir Mathew Blakiston, who was Lord Mayor of London when King George III. was crowned. Of this second marriage there was no issue. The issue of the first marriage were two daughters - 1. Anne, married to Sir Edward Leslie, Bart., of Tarbert, co. Kerry, by whom she had a daughter Louisa, who married Lord Douglas Hallyburton, son of Charles, fourth Earl of Aboyne; 2. Louisa, married to Col. Austey.

V. Charles, the fifth son of William and Alice, died young.

VI. Maurice, Lt.-Col. 5th Foot, married and had one son and two daughters: 1. Rev. William Augustus, Chaplain to the Duke of Northumberland, married a Miss Ogle, but left no issue. He died at 39 Hans-place, London, in 1839. 1. A daughter, married a Col. Scott; 2. Another dau., married a Mr. Reynolds.

VII. William, the seventh son of William and Alice, born in Fishamble-street, on 1st Sept., 1730, and, according to the Baptismal Register of St. John's Episcopalian Church, Dublin, was baptised on 22nd Sept., 1730: "Sept. 22, 1730. William, son of William and Alice Cane, gent.;" died young.

VIII. Edward, Major 43rd Foot, the eighth son of William and Alice Cane, born at Inchicore; of whom see No. 125, infra.

The five daughters of William and Alice were:

I. Mary, born 1718, died young.

II. Elizabeth, born 1719, died young.

III. Emilia, born 1721, died young.

IV. Alice, m., 13th May, 1752, Stephen Wybrants, of Rutland-square, Dublin (senior descendant of Joseph Wybrantz, of Antwerp, whose son and heir, Peter, settled in Ireland, temp. Car. I.), and left issue (with two daughters who died unmarried) Peter and Robert, whose lines are extinct, and Gustavus (Rev.), whose only son Stephen, died unmarried, and whose eldest daughter, Mary-Anne, married Col. Wm. Middleton, and left issue; the eldest of which, Isabella-Henrietta-Letitia, is a co-heiress, by devise, to her cousin Robert Wybrants, of Rutland-square, who died s.p. 28th Aug., 1875, and wife of Wm. Geale-Wybrants, J.P., who, together with Captain Phipson, who married her sister Georgina, assumed the name and arms of Wybrants by Royal License, dated 16th of March, 1877. The twelve children of Stephen and Alice Wybrants were seriatim: 1. Peter Wybrants, a Barrister, born 1754; was Chairman of the co. Westmeath; married and had two daughters, died 12th June, 1802. 2. Robert, born 1755; married 1st Sept., 1786, his first cousin, Christian Browne, by whom he had five children; died 1826, and was buried at Laragh Bryan. This Robert's children were: 1. Stephen, born 27th June, 1787; died 22nd December, 1787. 2. Robert, of 47 Rutland-square, Dublin; born 20th May, 1788. This Robert, m., first a Miss Trevelian; and, secondly, on 18th June, 1839, Maria MacGregor Skinner; but left no issue by either marriage. He died at Bray Head House, 28th August, 1875, and was buried in Mount Jerome, Dublin. 3, 4, and 5, died in early infancy. 3. William, the third son of Stephen and Alice Wybrants, born 1756, died 3rd Nov., 1793. 4. Stephen, born 1757, died 1758. 5. The Rev. Gustavus, born 1758. 6. A second Stephen, Captain 67th Regiment, born June, 1757, died April, 1797. 7. John, born July, 1760, died April, 1763. 8. A boy, born 1761. 9. Hugh, born 1762, died 30th March, 1763. 10. Deane, born 1764, died 5th September, 1788. 11. Alice, born 1765, died 19th Feb., 1840. 12. Margaretta, born 1766, died December, 1833.

V. Maria, the fifth daughter of William and Alice Cane, married ____ Browne, Esq., and had three daughters, of whom were: 1. Christina, who married her first cousin, Robert Wybrants, 47 Rutland-square, Dublin. 2. Another daughter, married Medlycott Cane, of Multifarnham, co. Westmeath, and of the 102nd Reg., East Indies. The issue of this marriage was James Cane, Major 23rd Regt.; He lived at Cheltenham and Tours, in France. This Major James Cane married Miss Mortimer of Cheltenham, and had a dau., Madame de Madrid. Medlycott Cane married, secondly, Mrs. Bloomfield, née Bayly, daughter of John Bayly, Esq., of Newtown, co. Tipperary; and his granddaughter, Mrs. Frend (widow since 1858), née Delia Maria Cane, was living in 1883, - See the "Frend" pedigree, infra.

125. Edward Cane, of Donnybrook, county Dublin, Major 43rd Regiment of Foot; the eighth son of William and Alice; born at Inchicore, 9th Sept., 1732, and died 28th July, 1810. This Edward married in the parish of St. Margaret, next Rochester, on the 24th Nov., 1765, Mary, only daughter of Admiral Robert Erskine, of Dun (who was Port Admiral at Chatham, and there buried on 13th Nov., 1766). The issue of this marriage were six sons and three daughters:

I. William, Capt. 61st Regt., born at Chatham, 1768; died 1792.

II. Rev. Robert Erskine Cane, Rector of Creagh, co. Cork, as well as of Skibbereen, died 1806. This Robert married Dorothea, daughter of Hewett Poole, of Mayfield, co. Cork.

III. Edward, Army Agent, 60 Dawson-street, Dublin, born at Chatham, 1771; died, unmarried, in 1802.

IV. Maurice, Major 83rd Reg., "Comissr. Acct. Ireland," died at Foster-place, Dublin, 4th September, 1830; buried in St. Paul's parish, Dublin.

V. Henry, Capt. 40th Regt., died at Minorca.

VI. Richard, Army Agent, of 60 Dawson-street, Dublin, and of St. Wolstan's, Celbridge, co. Kildare: who is No. 126 on this Genealogy.

The three daughters of Edward and Mary Cane were:

I. Alice-Rebecca, b at Chatham, 1767; died unmarried, at Boulogne, April, 1826, and is there interred.

II. Elizabeth, born at Chatham, Dec., 1774; married 11th March, 1808, the Honble. John Jones; died 1811.

III. Annabella, married 26th Feb., 1808, Frederick - Nathaniel Walker, of the Manor House, Bushey, co. Herts, England, K.C.H., a General in the Army, R.A. (and a younger brother of Sir George Townsend Walker, who died 3rd Feb., 1857). This Annabella died at Calais, in May, 1827, and is buried in the cemetery at Boulogne. The issue of that marriage, as far as we have ascertained, were as follows: 1. Sir Edward-Walter-Forestier W a l k e r, K.C.B., of Manor House, Bushey, Herts; General in the Army; Colonel 50th Foot; born 18th February, 1812; m., first, 20th July, 1843, Jane, only daughter of Francis Grant, sixth earl of Seafield, and by her (who died 16th Sept., 1861) has had: 1. Frederick-William-Edward-Forestier, Lieut. Col. Scots' Guards, born 16th April, 1844; married 15th Feb., 1887, at St. George's, Hanover-square, London, to Mabel Louise, daughter of Colonel Ross (Northumberland Fusileers), of county Fermanagh. 2. Francis-Lewis George Forestier, born 2nd Jan., 1847; died February, 1854. 3. Douglas-Henry-Walter-Forestier, born May, 1849; died an infant. 4. Montague-Charles-Brudenel-Forestier, 60th Rifles, born 7th August, 1853.

Sir Edward W. F. Walker, m., secondly, 15th Oct., 1863, the Lady Juliana-Caroline-Frances, daughter of Thomas, second Earl of Ranfurley, and by her had a daughter, Mary-Juliana-Forestier, who died an infant in 1863. 2. Frederick-Brudenell Walker, second son of Frederick-Nathaniel and Annabella Walker, died April, 1822; and their daughters were: 1. Henrietta-Maria Walker, died Oct., 1824. 2. Augusta-Eliza, died 1876. 3. Isabella-Louisa, married 19th May, 1858, to Colonel James-John Graham. 4. Georgiana-Adelaide, m., first, 31st Aug., 1854, to William Stuart, of Aldenham Abbey, Herts; and, secondly, 15th Dec., 1875, to the Hon. James Grant, brother of the Earl of Seafield. 5. Amelia-Forestier, died unmarried 11th Jan. 1845 6. Caroline-Albinia, married to the Rev. Percy Monro, Incumbent of Colden Common, Hants, England.

126. Richard Cane, Army Agent, 60 Dawson-street, Dublin, and of St. Wolstan's, near Celbridge, co. Kildare; the sixth son of Edward; died at 60 Dawson-street, on 9th February, 1853, and was buried at Laragh Bryan, near Maynooth. This Richard Cane, m., 9th May, 1812, Isabella, youngest child of Arthur Dawson, Esq., of Castle Dawson, county Derry, and grand-daughter of George-Paul Monck, Esq., and the Lady Araminta Monck, née Beresford. This Isabella died 22nd Feb., 1845, and is buried at Laragh Bryan. The issue of this marriage were four sons and three daughters; the sons were:

I. Edward Cane, of St. Wolstan's, Celbridge, born Feb., 1813; died 22nd Sept., 1877, at 60 Dawson-street, Dublin; was buried at Laragh Bryan.

II. Arthur-Beresford Cane, Lieut. 10th Foot, and afterwards Receiver for the Constabulary in Ireland; of whom presently.

III. Richard Cane, of St. Wolstan's, Celbridge; living in 1886; married at Florence, 4th April, 1854, Louisa-Mary, only daughter of the Hon. William Dawson-Damer. She died at Biarritz, 6th May, 1855, and is buried in the cemetery there.

IV. Maurice-Hugh Cane, Army Agent, 60 Dawson-street, Dublin, and of Allen's Grove, Celbridge, living in 1887; late Captain XXth Regiment; and late Governor of the Bank of Ireland.

The three daughters of Richard and Isabella Cane were:

I. Catherine-Harriet, who died at St. Wolstan's, 6th July, 1828, and is buried at Laragh Bryan.

II. Louisa, living in 1887.

III. Caroline-Frances, living in 1887.

127. Arthur Beresford Cane, Lieut. 10th Foot, and afterwards Receiver for the Constabulary in Ireland: the second son of Richard and Isabella Cane; died at Marseilles 13th May, 1864, and was there buried. This Arthur Beresford Cane was twice m.: first at St. George's, Hanover-square, London, on 5th July, 1849, to Selina, youngest daughter of John Trant, Esq., of Dovea, county Tipperary. She died 5th Nov., 1859, and is buried in Mount Jerome, Dublin. Their issue were two children:

I. Edith-Caroline-Isabella, who died 9th Dec., 1884, and is buried at Laragh Bryan.

I. Richard-Claude, who is No. 128 on this genealogy.

Arthur Beresford Cane's second marriage was, on the 23rd Feb., 1864, to Eliza, eldest daughter of Rev. Joseph Stevenson, Rector of Clonfeacle, county Armagh, and grand-daughter of Sir John Stevenson, Mus. Doc.; and had issue:

II. Arthur Beresford Cane; born 2nd Dec., 1864, and living in 1887.

128. Richard Claude Cane, of St. Wolstan's, Celbridge, late Captain Royal Artillery: elder son of Arthur Beresford Cane, born 29th October, 1859, and living in 1887; married on 1st March, 1882, Eva, second daughter of W. H. Mackintosh, Esq. M.D., of St. Julian's, Malta, and has issue:

I. Maurice, of whom presently.

I. Evadne, born 4th Sept., 1884.

129. Maurice: son of Richard Claude Cane; born 22nd December, 1882, and living in 1887.



From Donal (or Daniel), the fourth son of John O'Cahan, No. 115 on this Genealogy, also descended General Sir Richard O'Cahan, of the 18th Foot, who was Governor of Minorca, etc. This Sir Richard was born on 20th December, 1666, and died 19th December, 1736. According to the subjoined epitaph, he first entered on his military career at the Siege of Derry. The descent was as follows: -

116. Daniel, of Coolbryan, son of John, had

117. Richard, of Coolbryan and Dungiven, who had

118. Thomas, married to Catherine O'Skullen, and had

119. Thomas O'Cahan, of Carrickfergus (d. 1665), who married Margaret, daughter of James Dobbin of Duneane, county Antrim, and had

120. General Sir Richard O'Cahan, of the 18th Foot, Governor of Minorca, etc.; assumed the name Kane. Excuses himself for having been obliged, on account of his profession of arms in the British Service, etc., to abandon the Irish patronymic "O'Cahan."

The following is a copy of the Latin epitaph on the handsome Cenotaph, erected in Westminster Abbey to his memory; which Cenotaph was, in 1880, restored by Captain Maurice-Hugh Cane, of 60 Dawson-street, Dublin, the fourth son of Richard, who is No. 126 on this pedigree: -

M. S.


Ad arcem Balearicæ Insulæ Minoris. A. S. Philipps dictam, depositi Qui, an Xti MDCLXVI Decemb. 20 Dumanii in agro Antrimensi natus in memorabili Derriæ obsidione tyrocinium miles fecit. Unde, sub Gulielmo Tertis felicis memoriæ, Domi ad subjugatam, usque totam Hibernicam foris in Belgio cum magno vitæ discrimine Namurre præsertim gravissime vulneratus perpetuo militarit.


Recrudescente sub Annæ auspiciis bello ad Canadanam usque cui intersint Expeditionem in Belgio iterum castra posuit.


Sub inclyto Argatheliæ et Grenovici duce mox sub Barone Carpenter Balearicam Minorem Legatus Administravit. Ubi ad omne negotium tam civile quam militare instructus et copïïs maritimis atque terrestribus profectus. Qui quid Insulæ in pace et bello, terra marine conservandæ necessarium utile quit commodium foret dignorit constituit stabilirit.


A Georgio I. evocatus e Balearica in Calpen trajecit, Hispanisque arcem ex improviso occupandam meditantibus irrita reddidit consilia.


Per octodecem menses in cadem sudarit arena hostesque peninsulam gravi obsidione prementes omni spe potiumdæ exuit.

Post tot autem tantasque res legati nomini strenue gestas, anno MDCCXXXIII, Georgio Secundo jubente ad istum ut ad alios uberios honores nec ipse ambrens necdum sciens evectus Balearicæ summo cum imperio præfuit. At, At, humana omnia incerta, qui quatuor sub Regibus, summa cum prudentia fortitudine et dignitate militaverat, qui nullis erga Deum officiis defuerat nec Christiani minas quam militis boni partes sustinuerat fide pura moribus antiquis, amicis carus, sociis jocundus, civilibus mitis et comis omnibus beneficus et munificus et per omnia utilitati publicæ magis quam suæ confidens triste sui desiderium insulanis, tam Hispanis quam Brittannis reliquit, sex-tumque supra septuagesimum annum agens Decemb. 19 anno MDCCXXXVI. diem obiit supremum.


124. Joseph: second son of Richard (number 123 above); died 1756.

125. Rev. Richard O'Cahan: his son. Had three younger brothers - 1. William, who settled in the co. Cork; 2. Lewis, who settled in the co. Mayo; 3. John, who assumed the name Kean, settled in Mullingar in 1751, and afterwards resided in the city of Dublin. This John Kean had five sons - 1. William; 2. John; 3. Robert; 4. Patrick; 5. Richard, who died in 1795.

126. John Kean, of Dublin: second son of John; became connected with the "United Irishmen," on account of which he had to fly the country, in 1798. When those troublous times in Ireland had passed away, he returned to Dublin; assumed the name Kane; and died in 1832.


AODH (or Hugh) a younger brother of Sir Donal Ballach who is No. 119 on the main pedigree, was the ancestor of Kane, of Drumreaske, county Monaghan.

119. Hugh: second son of Rory Ruadh; married Mary, daughter of O'Connor Faile.

120. Richard: their son; was twice m.: first, to Julian O'Dempsey, by whom he had two sons - 1. John, 2. Mathew (or Ferdorach); and, secondly, to Mary O'Dunn, of Brittas, county Dublin, by whom he had Hugh, who married Anne MacCoghlan, and had an only child Sarah O'Cahan.

121. John (or Shane): the eldest son of Richard; married Catherine O'Mulloy.

122. Mathew (or Ferdorach), who died 1699: eldest son of John; married the said Sarah O'Cahan, his first cousin, and had Joseph; Nathaniel; and other children who died young. This Joseph who was Lord Mayor of Dublin, 1725, died without male issue.

123. Nathaniel, Lord Mayor of Dublin, 1734: second son of Mathew; founded the Bank of "Kane and Latouche." Married Martha Thwaites (who died 1741) and had - 1. Nathaniel, who died s.p. and unmarried 1750; 2. Joseph; 3. Elizabeth, married to Mathew Weld, and had a daughter married to the Right Rev. John Brinkley, Astronomer Royal of Ireland, and Lord Bishop of Cloyne; 4. Martha, died unmarried 1778; 5. Mary, married to John Walker, of Dublin: 6. Esther, died 1752.

124. Joseph (d. 1801): second son of Nathaniel; married Mrs. Mary Maxwell, nee Church, and by her had - 1. Nathaniel; 2. Joseph-Thomas (d. 1837), who was twice married, and left issue; 3. John-Daniel, Col. 4th Regiment, who was thrice m., and left issue.

125. Nathaniel (d. 1826), Col. 4th Foot: eldest son of Joseph. Married Elizabeth Nisbett (d. 1858), and had - 1. Joseph; 2. Nathaniel (d. 1844); 3. Rev. Francis, Rector of Fenagh, county Leitrim, married in 1864 to Anne Shea; 4. John, of the Castle of Mohill, D.L., born 1810, married twice: first, in 1839, his cousin Matilda Nisbett, and by her had issue; and, secondly, in 1859, married Anne Hyde, and by her had one son Arthur Hyde Kane, born 1860, died 24th May, 1880; 5. William, a Medical Doctor; 6. Mathew, an A.M., and M.D.

126. Joseph: eldest son of Nathaniel; married Eliza-Jane, Madlle. de Vismes, and had - 1. William-Francis-de Vismes Kane, 2. Eliza-Jane-Margaret (d. 1861).

127. William-Francis de Vismes Kane, of Drumreaske, county Monaghan, J.P.: son of Joseph; born 1840, and living in 1887; married 2nd Sept., 1862, Amelia-Maria-Jane, only daughter of the Rev. Charles-James Hamilton, Incumbent of Kimberworth, county of York, England, and has had issue - 1. Joseph-George-Auriol Kane (b. 29th June, 1865), 2. Emmeline-Rosa-Margaret - both living in 1887.


DANIEL (or Donall), brother of Donoch an-Einigh, who is No. 116 on the main pedigree, was the ancestor of Keane, of Cappoquin, county Waterford.

116. Daniel: son of John.

117. Richard: his son. This Richard married Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander MacDonnell, of Antrlm, by whom he had six sons - 1. Conbhach Ballach; 2. John, ancestor of the Barons Kingston; 3. Daniel, ancestor of Keane, of the county Clare; 4. Roger, ancestor of Keane, of Cappoquin; 5. Magnus, ancestor of O'Cahan, of the south of the county Derry; 6. Richard, who died without issue; 7. Thomas.

118. Roger: the fourth son of Richard.

119. Magnus: his son.

120. Hugh: his son.

121. Thomas: his son.

122. Daniel (2): his son.

123. John: his son.

124. George: his son; alive in 1716.

125. John (2): his son; got a lease of the Cappoquin estate, from Richard, Earl of Cork and Burlington, dated July, 1738; died in 1756.

126. Richard: his son; died before his father.

127. Sir John Keane: his son; created a "baronet" in 1801; died 1829.

128. Sir Richard, the second baronet: his son; died 1855.

129. Sir John Henry Keane, the third baronet: his son; born in 1816, died 1881: had a brother named Leopold George-Frederick, who had a son named Frederick, living in 1877.

130. Sir Richard Francis Keane: son of Sir John; born in 1845; and living in 1887; married to Adelaide-Sidney, daughter of the late John Vance, M.P. for Armagh, and formerly M.P. for Dublin.

131. John Keane: son of Richard; born in 1874, and living in 1887; had a younger brother named George Michael Keane.


DANIEL, the third son of Richard O'Cahan, who is No. 117 on the Keane of Cappoquin pedigree, was the ancestor of Keane of the county Clare.

118. Daniel O'Cahan: son of Richard; settled in the co. Clare, where he married a daughter of the Chief, Teige MacMahon, of Carrigaholt, who gave the said Daniel fourteen ploughlands in the western part of that county, as a marriage portion with his wife, the said daughter.

119. Hugh: son of Daniel; had a brother James, living in 1543, who resided on Scattery Island, and from whom, it is believed, the "Keane" family of Beech Park (Keane No. 3) is descended.

120. Bryan: son of Hugh.

121. Owen: his son.

122. Charles: his son.

123. Robert: his son; married a MacNamara; had a brother Owen (or Eugene), who died unmarried, of wounds received by him from one of Cromwell's staff officers, whom he killed.

124. Bryan: his son; married Mary, daughter of Daniel MacDonnell, whose grand-nephew was M.P. for the county of Clare. The issue of that marriage were fourteen sons and seven daughters. The eldest of these sons, Eugene, raised a company of 100 men at his own expense, at the time of the formation of the Clare Regiment, of which he was afterwards Captain; and was killed at the battle of Marsaglier, in Piedmont. Three other brothers of this Eugene, namely, - 1. Charles, 2. Nicholas, and 3. Andrew (who died in 1755) went to, and also served as officers of distinction in, the Army of France, where some of their descendants still reside. One of the daughters of this Bryan was the mother of Lord Clare.

125. Robert, commonly known as "Robert of Ross" (Ross near Kilkee): son of Bryan; married to Anne Creagh. This Robert conformed to the Protestant Religion, and thus retained the estate in the county Clare; he was the first of this branch of the "O'Cahan" family who assumed the name Keane.

126. Charles of Kildimo: son of "Robert of Ross;" married Mary, daughter of Dean Freeman, of Castlecur, county Cork. This Charles had three brothers and two sisters: The brothers were - 1. Thomas, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Christopher O'Brien, of Ennistymon, widow of Charles MacDonnell, and mother of Charles MacDonnell of Kilkee, who was M.P. for the co of Clare, in 1765, and for the borough of Ennis, in 1768, above alluded to; 2. Eugene, who was Captain in the Clare Regiment, was married to the sister of Francis Haller of the county of Kent, in England, and died without issue, in the service of France: 3. Richard, who became a barrister, and died young and unmarried. The sisters were - 1. Anne (Anne Ruadh), who was richly married to Robert Keane of Ballyvoe, Kilmaley, near Ennis; and 2. Margaret, who was married to Edmund Fitzgerald, of Abbeyfeale, county Limerick.

127. John Buidhe, of Raha: son of Charles of Kildimo; had three sisters.

128. Charles, of Raha: his son. Had four brothers - 1. John; 2. Robert; 3. Thomas; and 4. Owen, who was reputed one of the strongest men in Munster; and one sister who was married to ____ MacMahon, of Kilcradare, Carrigaholt, who by the said sister was father of Lucy MacMahon (living in 1880), the widow of Michael Collins of Kilkee.

129. Charles, of Ballard, near Kilkee: only son of Charles of Raha.

130. Patrick, of Ballard: son of Charles; had three younger brothers - 1. Charles. 2. Lawrence, 3. Thomas - all living in 1880.

131. Thomas Keane: eldest son of Patrick; born Dec., 1859; had fonr brothers and three sisters: the brothers were - 1. Peter, 2. Charles, 3. Patrick, 4. John - all living in 1880.


THOMAS, a younger brother of Richard, who is No. 123 on the main "O'Cahan" pedigree, was the ancestor of Caine of Manchester.

123. Thomas O'Cahan: son of Richard; embraced the cause of King James II., and, on the overthrow of that Monarch in Ireland, at the battle of the Boyne, sought retirement in the county Leitrim.

124. Simon O'Cahan: his only child, born 1717, died 1790. Joined the standard of the "Young Pretender," in 1745; returned to Ireland, married and had five daughters and four sons:

I. Thomas, of whom presently.

II. Dominic, had three sons and one daughter:

1. John; 2. James; 3. Myles - the three of whom died in the flower of their age and without issue: Myles the last survivor of them died at New York in 1872.

1. Mary.

III. Myles; IV. John - both of whom died in early manhood.

I. Mary; II. Bessie; III. Sabina; IV. Bridgid; V. Honora.

125. Thomas O'Cahan: eldest son of Simon; born 1766; died 1844; and buried in Cloone, county Leitrim Took an active part in the Irish Insurrection of 1798, and was present at the Battle of Ballinamuck, where he led a troop of irregular horse. He was known as the Insurgent Leader "Captain Rock," of the county Leitrim, in the latter part of the past, and early years of the present century: and in that county is still affectionately remembered, and his memory revered as the "Old Captain."

126. Simon-Henry O'Cahan, of Manchester, England, a manufacturer, and trading as "Henry Caine and Co.:" his son; born 1805; and living in 1881. Was the first of his branch of the family that omitted the prefix O', and wrote the name Cahan. He afterwards in 1850, assumed the name Caine. Surviving issue two sons and two daughters:

I. Thomas, of whom presently.

II. James-Henry, formerly of the 3rd Regiment "The Buffs;" living in 1881.

I. Helena. II. Mary.

127. Thomas Caine, of Manchester, formerly of the 3rd Regiment, "The Buffs:" son of Simon-Henry; born 1845, and living in 1881.