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MacCarthy, McCarthy, Carthy, Cartie, etc.

No other Irish surname which the prefix "Mac" (or "Mc") approaches MacCarthy in numerical strength. The abbreviated form Carthy is fairly common, but MacCarthy is a name which has very generally retained the prefix. It is among the dozen commonest names in Ireland as a whole, due to the very large numbers of MacCarthys in Co. Cork which accounts for some sixty per cent of them. Charles O'Conor describes the sept as "the most eminent by far of the noble families of the south". The name from the earliest times has been associated with south Munster or Desmond. The third century King of Munster, Oilioll Olum, had two sons Eoghan and Cormac Cas. At his death North Munster (Thomond) was inherited by the latter (whence the Dalcassians), and South Munster (Desmond) by Eoghan. The families which descended from this Eoghan were known, before the introduction of surnames, as the Eoghanacht, and the surnames MacCarthy (in Irish Mac Cárthaigh) is derived from Cárthach, lord of the Eoghanacht, who, the Four Masters tell us, met his death in a house deliberately set on fire by one of the Lonergans in 1045. Carthach was King of Cashel circa 1040, at a time when Donncha, son of Brian Boru, was King of Munster. Carthach was part of the dynasty claiming descent from Eoghan, one of the sons of Olloll Ollum, the semi-legendary, third-century king of Munster. The Eoghanacht, as they were known, had dominated Munster virtually unchallenged until the meteoric rise of Brian, part of the rival Dal gCais, who claimed descent from Cas, another son of Oiloll Ollum. The Eoghanacht resisted the Dal gCais fiercely, with the result that the MacCarthys and the O'Briens, with their respective allies, waged bitter, intermittent war on each other for almost a century and a half. In the middle of the twelfth century, the struggle was finally resolved with the expulsion of the MacCarthys from their homeland in the Golden Vale in Co. Tipperary. They moved south, into the historic territory of Desmond, and it is with this area, which includes the modern counties of Cork and Kerry, that they have been most strongly associated ever since. Despite their displacement, the MacCarthys retained their ability to rule. For almost five centuries they dominated much of Munster, with four distinct branches: those led by the MacCarthy Mór (Great MacCarthy), nominal head of all the MacCarthys, who ruled over much of south Kerry, the Duhallow MacCarthys, who controlled northwest Cork; MacCarthy Riabhach or Reagh ('grey') based in Carbery in southwest Cork; and MacCarthy Muskerry, on the Cork / Kerry border. Each of these families continued resistance to Norman and English encroachment up to the seventeenth century when, like virtually all the Gaelic aristocracy, they lost almost everything.

The number of references to the MacCarthys in the Annals, especially the "Annals of Innisfallen", is very great. Cárthach was the son of Saorbreathach, a Gaelic name which is anglicised as Justin, and in the latter form has been in continuous use among various branches of MacCarthys for centuries. Another christian name similarly associated with them is Finghin, anglice Fineen, but for some centuries past, for some obscure reason, Florence (colloquially Flurry) has been used as the English form. From the thirteenth century, when Fineen MacCarthy decisively defeated the Geraldines in 1261, down to the present day, Fineen or Florence MacCarthys and Justin MacCarthys have been very prominent among the many distinguished men of the name in Irish military, political and cultural history.

Eleven septs of the illustrious McCarthy family in Kerry are given in Kings History of Co. Kerry
 (1) Sliocht Owen Mór of Coshmaing
 (2) Sliocht Cormac of Dunguile
 (3) Sliocht Fyneen Duff of Ardeanaght
 (4) Sliocht Clan Donnell Finn
 (5) Sliocht nInghean Riddery
 (6) Sliocht Donnell Brick
 (7) Sliocht Nedeen
 (8) Sliocht Clan Teige Kittagh
 (9) Sliocht Clan Dermond
(10) Sliocht Clan Donnell Roe
(11) Sliocht MacFyncen

According to Windele, the MacCarthy Mór was inaugurated at Lisban-na-Cahir, in Kerry; at which ceremony presided O'Sullivan Mór and O'Donoghoe Mór. His Captains of war were the O'Rourkes, probably a branch of the O'Rourkes, princes of Brefney; the MacEgans were his hereditary Brehons (or Judges): and the O'Dalys and O'Duinins were his hereditary poets and antiquaries.

Muiredach Mac Carthaig (1012-c. 1092), King of Munster, was succeeded by his son Cormac (died 1138), who was not only King of Munster, but also a bishop. For centuries, until the arrival of St Patrick, the spectacular Rock of Cashel had been the seat of the Munster kings. In 1101, King Murtagh O Brien granted it to the Church. Here, between 1122 and 1138, Cormac built what is known to this day as Cormac's chapel. Its design demonstrates Irish awareness of Continental trends.

When Cormac died he was buried at Cashel. A century ago, when his tomb was opened, the ancient crozier of Lismore, which is thought to have been Cormac's, was found. It is now in the National Museum. The London Museum has a rare Elizabethan transcript of a charter granted to King Dermod, son of Cormac MacCarthy. These princely MacCarthys built splendid castles all over their Munster territory, at Muckross, Macroom, Killala, Mourne, Timoleague, Srugrena, Kanturk and many more.

Four personal names stand out in the MacCarthy lineage, Saorbhreathach which became Justin, Fineen anglicised to Florence, Donal and Cormac. In about 1446, one of these Cormac MacCarthys, Cormac Laidir (the strong), Lord of Muskerry, built the enduring Blarney Castle. Although he fought with the English against the local FitzGeralds, Cormac MacDermot MacCarthy struggled to preserve his own territory. He put off Queen Elizabeth's demands for his allegiance with what she described as "fair words and soft speech" - pleasant talk intended to deceive without offending, which is how the Blarney stone acquired its reputation for imparting eloquence to those who succeed in kissing it. A family tradition holds that the Blarney stone is a piece of the "Stone of Destiny" - the inauguration stone of the kings of Scotland, sent by King Robert Bruce to the MacCarthy kings of Desmond. They were to give it to Robert's brother, Edward, who attempted to become High King of Ireland by driving out the English.

In the early 1600s, the fierce MacDonagh MacCarthy, Lord of Duhallow, was building an enormously strong castle at Kanturk, County Cork. There is a tradition in the area that MacDonagh forced wayfarers to work on this castle until they dropped dead, and that he even had their blood mixed with the mortar. Whatever the truth of this, the castle was certainly considered to be cursed. When MacDonagh asked his stepbrother, Macauliffe, who had the gift of second sight, to prophesy its future, the seer replied, "It is too good for the crows to live in. It will never be finished". The local English settlers, feeling it to be a threat, had the building stopped. In a terrible rage MacDonagh MacCarthy smashed in the glass tiled roof, an innovation for its time. Today the shell remains as a reminder of bygone times.

In 1565, Donal MacCarthy Mór (died c. 1596) of the senior branch of the family, was created Earl of Clancarthy by Queen Elizabeth, despite the fact that the MacCarthys were engaged in continuous fighting for land and power, sometimes with the English but more often against them.

Little has been recorded of the MacCarthy women, although a Lady Eleanor MacCarthy is revered because she protected Gerald Fitzgerald following the murder of his five uncles by Henry VIII in the Tower of London in 1537.

Florence (Fineen) MacCarthy Reagh (1562-1640), Lord of Carbery in Munster, was rewarded by Elizabeth for serving the Crown against his neighbours, the FitzGeralds of Desmond. Florence caused suspicion, however, by secretly marrying his kinswoman the Lady Ellen, the daughter and sole heiress of Donal MacCarthy Mór, at a midnight ceremony in Muckross Abbey. Deeming this union between the two main branches of the Clan Carthy to be a threat to her Munster sovereignty, the Queen committed Florence to the Tower of London. She trumped up a treason charge against him, accusing him of connivance with the Spanish, so that Florence was in and out of the Tower of London for the next 37 years. He has been described as a man of heroic stature and benevolent aspect. Fortunately he was also a scholar, and during his incarcerations he wrote a learned history of Ireland, though it had to wait 200 years for publication. In his later years he had little affection for the Lady Ellen who had borne him four sons, so much then for their romantic midnight marriage!

From the twelfth to the sixteenth century the MacCarthys ruled as Princes of Desmond, South Munster. The grand titles bestowed on them by Elizabeth were forfeited for their part in the later Jacobite wars, and they were driven out to put their military skills to use in Europe, Africa and America.

Justin MacCarthy (died 1694) was the third son of Donal MacCarthy, 1st Earl of Clancarthy, and Lady Eleanor Butler, a sister of James, Duke of Ormond. Justin served in Louis XIV's campaigns, but, following the English Restoration, he returned to Ireland to join James II in his attempt to oust the Williamites. James created him Viscount Mountcashel in 1689 and subsequently Duke of Clancarthy. Louis XIV lured him back to France, where he formed the Irish Brigade. Justin was wounded many times in the wars both in Ireland and France and, in 1694, he retired to the Pyrenees to recuperate, but died there. Lacking an heir, Justin had adopted his cousin, Florence Callaghan MacCarthy of the Carrignavar sept.

The third Duc de Clancarthy, Callaghan MacCarthy, was an officer in the Irish Brigade and a Knight of the Order of St Louis. He fell at the battle of Fontenoy in 1745. The seventh Duc de Clancarthy, Pol MacCarthy, served with Napoleon III as a lieutenant in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. He was created a Knight of the Royal Order of Christ of Portugal. He left no male heirs.

Governing came naturally to the MacCarthys. Charles MacCarthy (died 1792), who commanded a regiment in the service of the King of Portugal, was appointed Governor of Miranda in 1790. Charlotte MacCarthy was descended from the Lords of Cashmany who had fled to France with James II. In 1764 she married Jean Gabriel Gueroult. Sir Charles MacCarthy (died 1824), her eldest son, was adopted by his uncle, Charles Thaddeus MacCarthy, whose name he assumed.

Sir Charles served in the Berwick Regiment in the Irish Brigade until the French Revolution, when he transferred to the English service. In 1812 he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Sierra Leone and Governor in Chief of Senegal. He was promoted to brigadier-general of the West Coast of Africa but was killed a few years later by the Ashanti. He had worked wholeheartedly against the injustice of slavery and is commemorated by an island named after him off the West African coast.

In the eighteenth century a MacCarthy was Governor of Madras and in the nineteenth century Sir Charles Justin MacCarthy was Governor of Ceylon.

In France the MacCarthys distinguished themselves in the army and in the Church. The Abbé Nicholas Tuite MacCarthy, who died in Annecy in 1833, was a magnificent preacher. Count Justine MacCarthy (died 1812) of Tipperary, who settled in Toulouse, was renowned for his library, which was said to have been worthy of a sovereign.

Not until 1896 did a MacCarthy attain beatification. This was Blessed Thaddeus MacCarthy, Bishop of Cork and Cloyne, who died in 1492 after a long and hopeless struggle against religious and political intrigue in Ireland. His body lies under the high altar in the Cathedral of Ivrea, Italy, where he died on his way home.

Diarmaid MacCarthy (c. 1630-1715) of Cork was probably a graduate of the famous Blarney Academy of Poetry of which he later became president. Alas, these were cruel times for the arts. The "Wild Geese" had fled and there was little money or regard for poets. When Diarmuid's horse died, there was no patron to pay for replacing it and so he was prevented from travelling. He wrote a tragic poem about his fate, a fate shared by all of the hereditary poets at the end of the Gaelic era, including his kinsman Eoghan MacCarthy (1691-1756), also of Cork, a prolific poet in both Irish and English.

In more recent times, Denis Florence MacCarthy (died 1882) was born in Dublin and held the chair of English Literature and Poetry at the Catholic University of Ireland.

Justin MacCarthy (1830-1912) came from a poverty-stricken family near Cork. He became a journalist, working in Cork, Liverpool and London. His early novels and biographies were reasonably successful and he eventually made history his speciality. He served in the Irish Party under Parnell and was Member of Parliament for County Longford. Overwork in both politics and literature wrecked his health and ruined his eyesight. He had to use dictation for the last fifteen years of his life.

Having been prolific builders in earlier days, it is not surprising that the MacCarthys should have produced a leading architect of the nineteenth century. J.J. MacCarthy, who designed St Patrick's Church in Armagh and many others throughout the country, has been described as the Irish Pugin. He also designed some fine country mansions, including Cahirmoyle in Limerick and, for the Earls of Granard, Castle Forbes in County Longford.

In the 1950s, after a determined search lasting over a century, a branch of the MacCarthy Reagh family was traced to Montreal, Canada. D'Alton McCarthy (1836-98) emigrated to Canada from Blackrock, County Dublin, with his parents in 1845. He made his reputation as a barrister and Queen's Counsel. He left the Conservative party and became an independent over the issue of the Jesuits' Estate Act. He was a supporter of the Equal Rights movement in Toronto.

For generations innumerable MacCarthys have emigrated to the USA, including many lawyers, priests and missionaries. Charles MacCarthy (1873-1921) was a political scientist, publicist and educationalist. He trained to become an outstanding inter-collegiate football player, while graduating in political science from the University of Wisconsin. He worked fruitfully with a succession of American presidents. Colonel Daniel E. MacCarthy was the first American soldier to set foot in France in 1917. When he landed there he found a letter of welcome from Pol MacCarthy, seventh and last Duc de Clancarthy. Eugene McCarthy was Senator for Minnesota from 1958 to 1970. Munster ancestry could well be claimed by Senator Joseph MacCarthy (1909-57), the investigator of Communists, and Mary MacCarthy (1912-89) the writer.

Australia undoubtedly harbours many a MacCarthy. Denis McCarthy sailed for Sydney in 1800 on the Friendship, following his capture during the 1798 rebellion. When he drowned in mysterious circumstances twenty years later, the Hobart Toum Gazette described him as "a man with a speculative turn who had been the owner of three vessels and had acquired considerable land and other property".

Some MacCarthys travelled no further across the sea than England. In the eighteenth century, conditions for the seamen aboard Royal Navy ships were not good. In 1798, during the Napoleonic wars, John MacCarthy led the mutiny aboard HMS Inflexible, leaving the fleet no option other than to sail into enemy ports in France and Spain. King George 111 intervened, and thereafter conditions improved aboard the ships.

Lillah MacCarthy (1875-1960) was for decades a popular dramatic actress. Bernard Shaw was one of her patrons. She gave a speech at the opening of the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon, and wrote her memoirs, entitled Myself and My Friends. Sir Desmond MacCarthy (1877-1952) was one of London's most formidable drama critics. He wrote for The Sunday Times from 1928 until his death.

Timothy MacCarthy had the exhausting experience of accompanying the explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) in Antarctica. When the Endurance sank, he escaped with Shackleton in open boats and sailed 800 miles in icy seas to the relative safety of South Georgia Island.

McCartney and MacCartney are both variants of MacCarthy, the Scottish family founded by Donal, a grandson of Cormac Fionn MacCarthy Mór, King of Desmond (died 1246). Liverpool is a second home for many generations of Irish and Ireland could well claim a share in the fame of Paul McCartney of the famous pop group The Beatles, who was born there in 1942. In the twentieth century, Britain continues to honour worthy people of Irish extraction. In recognition of his services to industrial relations, Sir Harold Wilson conferred a peerage, in 1975, on "Baron Bill" McCarthy of Hedington. He was born in 1925, left school at 14, and is a research fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford.

In war and marriage the MacCarthys have been allied to most of the great Irish families. The beautiful Muckross estate of MacCarthy Mór at Killarney is now in the care of the State and is a splendid centre for the history and folk arts of Kerry. It is in a beautiful setting by the lakes of Killarney, close to the Abbey where Florence secretly married his kinswoman, the Lady Ellen.

The name Carty is sometimes an abbreviation of MacCarthy, but is more often the appellation of the small and scattered sept of O'Carty.

Heraldry

The stag which appears in the arms of many Munster families - MacCarthy, O'Sullivan and many others - relates very clearly to the kingship myth of the Erainn peoples. In this myth, the legitimacy of the ruling house is confirmed when a stag enters; the animal is hunted, and the border of the territory is defined by the chase; the future ruler is the individual who eventually slays the stag. What the many families displaying the stag in their arms have in common is that they were originally part of the great Eoghanacht tribal grouping, which dominated Munster until the time of Brian Boru. The stag was self-evidently an appropriate choice of symbol.

Ref: B636/11 McCarthy (Chiefs of Carbery and Muskerry, Co. Cork. A powerful Irish sept descended from Cartach, King of Desmond prior to the English invasion, the Chief of which was styled The McCarthy More - more correctly Mór - EG). Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or.

Ref: B636/12 McCarthy (earl of Clancare and Viscount Valentia, extinct. Donogh McCarthy More, 7th in descent from Cormac More McCarthy, was so created in 1556. died married without issue) Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or.

Ref: B636/13 McCarthy (Earl of Clancarty and Viscount Muskerry, attainted 1690. Cormac Oge McCarthy, of Blarney, descended from Dermot McCarthy, second son of Cormac More McCarthy, was creat a viscount, 1628; his son, second viscount, was created an Earl, 1658). Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or. Crest - A dexter arm in armour proper cuffed Argent erect and couped at the wrist, holding a lizard both also proper. Motto - Forti et fideli nihil difficile. Another motto (Dermot, Viscount Muskerry) Ex arduis perpetuum nomen.

Ref: B636/14 McCarthy (Carrignavar, Co. Cork; The present (1840) male representative of the clan Carthy, descended from Donell McCarthy, who built Carrignavar, brother of Cormac Oge McCarthy, father of the first Viscount Muskerry). Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or. Crest - A dexter arm in mail Argent holding a lizard both proper.

Ref: B636/15 McCarthy-Reagh (the second sept in order of the clan Carty, desended from Donel God McCarthy, second son of Donel More McCarthy, The McCarthy More. The chief of this sept was known as The McCarthy Reagh). Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or. Crest - a dexter arm erect, couped at the elbow, vested Azure, cuffed Argent, holding in the hand proper a lizard Vert. Motto - Fortis ferox et celer.

Ref: B636/16 McCarthy (Springhouse, Co. Tipperary; descended from The McCarthy Reagh, 1772). Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or. Crest - A dexter arms erect, couped at the elbow, vest Azure cuffed Argent, holding in the hand, both proper. Motto - Fortis ferox et celer.

Ref: B636/17 McCarthy (Kilbrittain and Ruppela, Co. Cork; 1767; Charles McCarthy, knight of St. Louis, captain in the French Navy, descended from The McCarthy Reagh). Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or. Crest - A dexter arms erect, couped at the elbow, vest Azure cuffed Argent, holding in the hand, both proper.

Ref: B636/18 McCarthy Glas (Glennacroim, Co. Cork, "the Slught Ferlimy", Or race of Felim, descended from Cormac Donn, younger son of Donal Caomh, chief of Carbery, AD 1311; of the family McCarthy Glas was the late Sir Chrles McCarthy, governor of Ceylon, and to it belonged the present (1840) Florence McCarthy, Esq., of West Down House, North Devon). Argent a stag trippant attired and unguled Or. Crest - A dexter arms erect, couped at the elbow, vest Azure cuffed Argent, holding in the hand, both proper.

Ref: B636/19 McCarthy (McCarthy Leragh; Lt. Col. Charles McCarthy, lieut. gov. of the island of Senegal, 1812; descended from Donel McCarthy Leragh, Esq., of Manshie, during the reign of James I.). Ermine a stag trippant Gules attired and unguled Or. Crest - Out of a ducal coronet Or, an arm embowed, vested Azure, cuffed Argent the hand holding a lizard proper. Motto - Lamh laidir abu.

The ancient genealogy of the MacCarthys.

"Irish Pedigrees or the Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation", by John O'Hart is one of the best known Irish genealogical publications in the world. The first edition appeared in 1876, but was followed by several subsequent editions that added greatly to the overall size of the work. The most quoted edition was published in New York in 1923, twenty years after the author's death. It is worth mentioning here that the original work did not include and heraldic (coat of arms) information and that this was added to posthumous publications by unscrupulous publishers, presumably to increase sales. In general, O'Hart is a dubious source, at best, for such information.
John O'Hart was born in Crossmolina, Co. Mayo, in 1824. He received an excellent education with the intention of joining the priesthood. However, he instead spent two years in the constabulary (the police), after which he was employed by the Commissioners of National Education in Ireland from 1845, the first year of the Famine. He became an Associate in Arts at the Queen's University, and thereafter he was an active member of several scholarly societies. He was an avid genealogist and took a keen interest in Irish history, despite never receiving formal training as an historian. Politically he was an Irish nationalist, and in religious matters, a committed Catholic. Both of these factors permeated his work. He died in 1902 in Clontarf, Co. Dublin, at the age of 78.
O'Hart used many sources to compile the information that appears in his major work. His principal sources were Gaelic genealogies, like those of O'Clery, MacFirbis and O'Farrell. Along with the Gaelic annals, especially the Annals of the Four Masters, O'Hart was able to 'reconstruct' the medieval and ancient pedigree that appears here. He also used later sources, like the works of Burke, Collins, Harris, Lodge and Ware to extend these lineages into the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. But arguably the most important information contained in these genealogies came where O'Hart gathered the details directly from the families concerned, often from private papers or family tradition.
Irish mythology records that every family was descended from a certain Milesius of Spain who in about 500 BC led his followers to invade and conquer Ireland. The Christian monks who wrote these genealogies down in the 9th century, 2,500 years after Milesius, also added their own beliefs. So they recorded that Milesius was the 36th in descent from Adam! O'Hart, being both an ardent believer in the Gaelic myths and Christianity, followed their example. In his Gaelic genealogies a number representing the generation of descent from Adam precedes every generation. O'Hart showed, probably incorrectly, that every Gaelic family was descended from four of Milesius's family. These were his three sons, Heber, Ir and Heremon, and his uncle Ithe. These four were considered the 'stem' lines of the genealogies that followed. The latest scientiific evidence suggests that while the Celts had an overwhelming cultural influence on Ireland, the numbers of them that invaded Ireland were not all that huge and from the genetic point of view they are just a part of the mix that made up the Irish population.
While he undertook a great deal of research, using the majority of available published sources, many Gaelic scholars have superseded his work over the last 100 years. He was not familiar with the abundant unpublished Gaelic manuscript sources available. These have shown that many of his genealogies are incorrect for the years prior to 1600 AD. Furthermore, O'Hart was not a professional historian or genealogist, and had little training in using the esoteric sources he consulted. As a consequence he misunderstood a great deal about Gaelic society and culture, a world which had largely disappeared from Ireland long before he put pen to paper. He was also credulous in using the sources he did consult, believing that the myths were fact.
In short, while the pedigree below is interesting, it should be be read with a sceptical eye, and the further back you go, the more sceptical your eye should become.

MacCarthy Mór

1. Adam
2. Seth
3. Enos
4. Cainan
5. Mahalaleel
6. Jared
7. Enoch
8. Methuselah
9. Lamech
10. Noah divided the world amongst his three sons, begotten of his wife Titea: viz., to Shem he gave Asia, within the Euphrates, to the Indian Ocean; to Ham he gave Syria, Arabia, and Africa; and to Japhet, the rest of Asia beyond the Euphrates, together with Europe to Gadea (or Cadiz).
11. Japhet was the eldest son of Noah. He had fifteen sons, amongst whom he divided Europe and the part of Asia which his father had allotted to him.
12. Magog: From whom descended the Parthians, Bactrians, Amazons, etc.; Parthalon, the first planter of Ireland, about three hundred years after the Flood; and also the rest of the colonies that planted there, viz., the Nemedians, who planted Ireland, Anno Mundi three thousand and forty-six, or three hundred and eighteen years after the birth of Abraham, and two thousand one hundred and fifty-three years before Christ. The Nemedians continued in Ireland for two hundred and seventeen years; within which time a colony of theirs went into the northern parts of Scotland, under the conduct of their leader Briottan Maol, from whom Britain takes its name, and not from "Brutus," as some persons believed. From Magog were also descended the Belgarian, Belgian, Firbolgian or Firvolgian colony that succeeded the Nemedians, Anno Mundi, three thousand two hundred and sixty-six, and who first erected Ireland into a Monarchy. [According to some writers, the Fomorians invaded Ireland next after the Nemedians.] This Belgarian of Firvolgian colony continued in Ireland for thirty-six years, under nine of their Kings; when they were supplanted by the Tuatha-de-Danann (which means, according to some authorities, "the people of the god Dan," whom they adored), who possessed Ireland for one hundred and ninety-seven years, during the reigns of nine of their kings; and who were then conquered by the Gaelic, Milesian, or Scotic Nation (the three names by which the Irish people were known), Anno Mundi three thousand five hundred. This Milesian or Scotic Irish Nation possessed and enjoyed the Kingdom of Ireland for two thousand eight hundred and eighty-five years, under one hundred and eighty-three Monarchs; until their submission to King Henry the Second of England, Anno Domini one thousand one hundred and eighty-six.
13. Boath, one of the sons of Magog; to whom Scythia came as his lot, upon the division of the Earth by Noah amongst his sons, and by Japhet of his part thereof amongst his sons.
14. Phœniusa Farsaidh (or Fenius Farsa) was King of Scythia, at the time when Ninus ruled the Assyrian Empire; and, being a wise man and desirous to learn the languages that not long before confounded the builders of the Tower of Babel, employed able and learned men to go among the dispersed multitude to learn their several languages; who sometime after returning well skilled in what they went for, Phœniusa Farsaidh erected a school in the valley of Senaar, near the city of Æothena, in the forty-second year of the reign of Ninus; whereupon, having continued there with his younger son Niul for twenty years, he returned home to his kingdom, which, at his death, he left to the oldest son Nenuall; leaving to Niul no other patrimony than his learning and the benefit of the said school.
15. Niul, after his father returned to Scythia, continued some time at œothena, teaching the languages and other laudable sciences, until upon report of his great learning he was invited into Egypt by Pharaoh, the King; who gave him the land of Campus Cyrunt, near the Red Sea to inhabit, and his daughter Scota in marriage; from whom their posterity are ever since called Scots; but, according to some annalists, the name "Scots" is derived from the word Scythia. It was this Niul that employed Gaodhal [Gael], son of Ethor, a learned and skilful man, to compose or rather refine and adorn the language, called Bearla Tobbai, which was common to all Niul's posterity, and afterwards called Gaodhilg (or Gaelic), from the said Gaodhal who composed or refined it; and for his sake also Niul called his own eldest son "Gaodhal."
16. Gaodhal (or Gathelus), the son of Niul, and ancestor of Clan-na-Gael, that is, "the children or descendants of Gaodhal". In his youth this Gaodhal was stung in the neck by a serpent, and was immediately brought to Moses, who, laying his rod upon the wounded place, instantly cured him; whence followed the word "Glas" to be added to his named, as Gaodhal Glas (glas: Irish, green; Lat. glaucus; Gr. glaukos), on account of the green scar which the word signifies, and which, during his life, remained on his neck after the wound was healed. And Gaodhal obtained a further blessing, namely-that no venomous beast can live any time where his posterity should inhabit; which is verified in Creta or Candia, Gothia or Getulia, Ireland, etc. The Irish chroniclers affirm that from this time Gaodhal and his posterity did paint the figures of Beasts, Birds, etc., on their banners and shields, to distinguish their tribes and septs, in imitation of the Israelites; and that a "Thunderbolt" was the cognisance in their chief standard for many generations after this Gaodhal.
17. Asruth, after his father's death, continued in Egypt and governed his colony in peace during his life.
18. Sruth, soon after his father's death, was set upon by the Egyptians, on account of their former animosities towards their predecessors for having taken part with the Israelites against them; which animosities until then lay raked up in the embers, and now broke out in a flame to that degree, that after many battles and conflicts wherein most of his colony lost their live, Sruth was forced with the few remaining to depart the country; and, after many traverses at sea, arrived at the Island of Creta (now called Candia), where he paid his last tribute to nature.
19. Heber Scut (scut: Irish, a Scot), after his father's death and a year's stay in Creta, departed thence, leaving some of his people to inhabit the Island, where some of their posterity likely still remain; "because the Island breeds no venomous serpent ever since." He and his people soon after arrived in Scythia; where his cousins, the posterity of Nenuall (eldest son of Fenius Farsa, above mentioned), refusing to allot a place of habitation form him and his colony, they fought many battles wherein Heber (with the assistance of some of the natives who were ill-affected towards their king), being always victor, he at length forced the sovereignty from the other, and settled himself and his colony in Scythia, who continued there for four generations. (Hence the epithet Scut, "a Scot" or "a Scythian," was applied to this Heber, who was accordingly called Heber Scot.) Heber Scot was afterwards slain in battle by Noemus the former king's son.
20. Baouman;
21 Ogaman; and
22. Tait, were each kings of Scythia, but in constant war with the natives; so that after Tait's death his son,
23. Agnon and his followers betook themselves to sea, wandering and coasting upon the Caspian Sean for several (some say seven) years in which time he died.
24. Lamhfionn and his fleet remained at sea for some time, after his father's death, resting and refreshing themselves upon such islands as they met with. It was then the Cachear, their magician or Druid, foretold that there would be no end of their peregrinations and travel until they should arrive at the Western Island of Europe, now called Ireland, which was the place destined for their future and lasting abode and settlement; and that not they but their posterity after three hundred years should arrive there. After many traverses of fortune at sea, this little fleet with their leader arrived at last and landed at Gothia or Geulia-more recently called Lybia, where Carthage was afterwards built; and, soon after, Lamhfionn died there.
25. Heber Glunfionn was born in Gothia, where he died. His posterity continued there to the eighth generation; and were kings or chief rulers there for one hundred and fifty years-some say three hundred years.
26 Agnan Fionn;
27. Febric Glas;
28. Nenuall;
29. Nuadhad;
30. Alladh;
31. Arcadh; and
32. Deag: of these nothing remarkable is mentioned, but that they lived and died kings in Gothia or Getulia.
33. Brath was born in Gothia. Remembering the Druid's prediction, and his people having considerably multiplied during their abode in Geulia, he departed thence with a numerous fleet to seek out the country destined for their final settlement, by the prophecy of Cachear, the Druid above mentioned; and, after some time, he landed upon the coast of Spain, and by strong hand settled himself and his colony in Galicia, in the north of that country.
34. Breoghan (or Brigus) was king of Galicia, Andalusia, Murcia, Castile, and Portugal-all of which he conquered. He built Breoghan's Tower or Brigantia in Galicia, and the city of Brigantia or Braganza in Portugal-called after him; and the kingdom of Castile was then also called after him Brigia. It is considered that "Castile" itself was so called from the figure of a castle which Brigus bore for his Arms on his banner. Brigus sent a colony into Britain, who settled in that territory now known as the counties of York, Lancaster, Durham, Westmoreland, and Cumberland, and, after him were called Brigantes; whose posterity gave formidable opposition to the Romans, at the time of the Roman invasion of Britain.
35. Bilé; was king of those countries after his father's death; and his son Galamh [galav] or Milesius succeeded him. This Bilé had a brother named Ithe.
36. Milesius, in his youth and in his father's life-time, went into Scythia, where he was kindly received by the king of that country, who gave him his daughter in marriage, and appointed him General of his forces. In this capacity Milesius defeated the king's enemies, gained much fame, and the love of all the king's subjects. His growing greatness and popularity excited against him the jealousy of the king; who, fearing the worst, resolved on privately dispatching Milesius our of the way, for, openly, he dare not attempt it. Admonished of the king's intentions in his regard, Milesius slew him; and thereupon quitted Scythia and retired into Egypt with a fleet of sixty sail. Pharaoh Nectonibus, then king of Egypt, being informed of his arrival and of his great valour, wisdom, and conduct in arms, made him General of all his forces against the king of Ethiopia then invading his country. Here, as in Scythia, Milesius was victorious; he forced the enemy to submit to the conqueror's own terms of peace. By these exploits Milesius found great favour with Pharaoh, who gave him, being then a widower, his daughter Scota in marriage; and kept him eight years afterwards in Egypt. During the sojourn of Milesius in Egypt, he employed the most ingenious and able persons among his people to be instructed in the several trades, arts, and sciences used in Egypt; in order to have them taught to the rest of his people on his return to Spain. [The original name of Milesius of Spain was "Galamh" (gall: Irish, a stranger; amh, a negative affix), which means, no stranger: meaning that he was no stranger in Egypt, where he was called "Milethea Spaine," which was afterwards contracted to "Miló Spaine" (meaning the Spanish Hero), and finally to "Milesiius" (mileadh: Irish, a hero; Lat. miles, a soldier).] At length Milesius took leave of his father-in-law, and steered towards Spain; where he arrived to the great joy and comfort of his people; who were much harassed by the rebellion of the natives and by the intrusion of other foreign nations that forced in after his father's death, and during his own long absence from Spain. With these and those he often met; and, in fifty-four battles, victoriously fought, he routed, destroyed, and totally extirpated them out of the country, which he settled in peace and quietness. In his reign a great dearth and famine occurred in Spain, of twenty-six years' continuance, occasioned, as well by reason of the former troubles which hindered the people from cultivating, and manuring the ground, as for want of rain to moisten the earth - but Milesius superstitiously believed the famine to have fallen upon him and his people as a judgment and punishment from their gods, for their negligence in seeking out the country destined for their final abode, so long before foretold by Cachear their Druid or magician, as already mentioned - the time limited by the prophecy for the accomplishment thereof being now nearly, if not fully, expired. To expiate his fault and to comply with the will of his gods, Milesius, with the general approbation of his people, sent his uncle Ithe, with his son Lughaidh [Luy], and one hundred and fifty stout men to bring them an account of those western islands; who, accordingly, arriving at the island since then called Ireland, and landing in that part of it now called Munster, left his son with fifty of his men to guard the ship, and with the rest travelled about the island. Informed, among other things, that the three sons of Cearmad, called Mac-Cuill, MacCeacht, and MacGreine, did then and for thirty years before rule and govern the island, each for one year, in his turn; and that the country was called after the names of their three queens - Eire, Fodhla, and Banbha, respectively: one year called "Eire," the next "Fodhla," and the next "Banbha," as their husbands reigned in their regular turns; by which names the island is ever since indifferently called, but most commonly "Eire," because that MacCuill, the husband of Eire, ruled and governed the country in his turn the year that the Clan-na-Milé (or the sons of Milesius) arrived in and conquered Ireland. And being further informed that the three brothers were then at their palace at Aileach Neid, in the north part of the country, engaged in the settlement of some disputes concerning their family jewels, Ithe directed his course thither; sending orders to his son to sail about with his ship and the rest of his men, and meet him there. When Ithe arrived where the (Danann) brothers were, be was honourably received and entertained by them; and, finding him to be a mail of great wisdom. and knowledge, they referred their disputes to him for decision. That decision having met their entire satisfaction, Ithe exhorted them to mutual love, peace, and forbearance; adding much in praise of their delightful, pleasant, and fruitful country; and then took his leave, to return to his ship, and go back to Spain. No sooner was he gone than the brothers; began to reflect on the high commendations which Ithe gave of the Island; and, suspecting his design of bringing others to invade it, resolved to prevent them, and therefore pursued him with a strong party, overtook him, fought and routed his men and wounded himself to death (before his son or the rest of his men left on ship-board could come to his rescue) at a place called, from that fight and his name, Magh Ithe or "The plain of Ithe" (an extensive plain in the barony of Raphoe, county Donegal); whence his son, having found him in that condition, brought his dead and mangled body back into Spain, and there exposed it to public view, thereby to excite his friends and relations to avenge his murder. [Note: that all the invaders and planters of Ireland, namely, Parthalonians, Neimhedh, the Firbolgs, Tuatha-de-Danann, and Clan-na-Milé, where originally Scythians, of the line of Japbet, who had the language called Bearla-Tobbai or Gaoidhilg [Gaelic] common amongst them all; and consequently not to be wondered at, that Ithe and the Tuatha-de-Danann understood one another without an Interpreter - both speaking the same language, though perhaps with some difference in the accent]. The exposing of the dead body of Ithe had the desired effect; for, thereupon, Milesius made great preparations in order to invade Ireland - as well to avenge his uncle's death, as also in obedience to the will of his gods, signified by the prophecy of Cachear, aforesaid. But, before he could effect that object, he died, leaving the care, and charge of that expedition upon his eight legitimate sons by his two wives before mentioned. Milesius was a very valiant champion, a great warrior, and fortunate and prosperous in all his undertakings: witness his name of "Milesius," given him from the many battles (some say a thousand, which the word "Milé" signifies in Irish as well as in Latin) which he victoriously fought and won, as well in Spain, as in all the other countries and kingdoms be traversed in his younger days. The eight brothers were neither forgetful nor negligent in the execution of their father's command; but, soon after his death, with a numerous fleet well manned and equipped, set forth from Breoghan's Tower or Brigantia (now Corunna) in Galicia, in Spain, and sailed prosperously to the coasts of Ireland or lnis-Fail, where they met many difficulties and various chances before they could land: occasioned by the diabolical arts, sorceries, and enchantments used by the Tuatha-de-Danann, to obstruct their landing; for, by their magic art, they enchanted the island so as to appear to the Milesians or Clan-na-Milé in the form of a Hog, and no way to come at it (whence the island, among the many other names it had before, was called "Muc-Inis or "The Hog Island"); and withal raised so great a storm, that the Milesian fleet was thereby totally dispersed and many of them cast away, wherein five of the eight brothers, sons of Milesius, lost their lives. That part of the fleet commanded by Heber, Heremon, and Amergin (the three surviving, brothers), and Heber Donn, son of Ir (one of the brothers lost in the storm), overcame all opposition, landed safe, fought and routed the three Tuatha-de Danann Kings at Slieve-Mis, and thence pursued and overtook them at Tailten, where another bloody battle was fought; wherein the three (Tuatha-de-Danann) Kings and their Queens were slain, and their army utterly routed and destroyed: so that they could never after give any opposition to the Clan-na-Milé in their new conquest; who, having thus sufficiently avenged the death of their great uncle Ithe, gained the possession of the country foretold them by Cachear, some ages past, as already mentioned. Heber and Heremon, the chief leading men remaining of the eight brothers, sons of Milesius aforesaid, divided the kingdom between them (allotting a proportion of land to their brother Amergin, who was their Arch-priest, Druid, or magician; and to their nephew Heber Donn, and to the rest of their chief commanders), and became jointly the first of one hundred and eighty-three Kings or sole Monarchs of the Gaelic, Milesian, or Scottish Race, that ruled and governed Ireland, successively, for two thousand eight hundred and eighty-five years from the first year of their reign), Anno Mundi three thousand five hundred, to their submission to the Crown of England in the person of King Henry the Second; who, being also of the Milesian Race by Maude, his mother, was lineally descended from Fergus Mór MacEarca, first King of Scotland, who was descended from the said Heremon - so that the succession may be truly said to continue in the Milesian Blood from before Christ one thousand six hundred and ninety-nine years down to the present time. Heber and Heremon reigned jointly one year only, when, upon a difference between their ambitious wives, they quarrelled and fought a battle at Ardeath or Geshill (Geashill, near Tullamore in the King's County), where Heber was slain by Heremon; and, soon after, Amergin, who claimed an equal share in the government, was, in another battle fought between them, likewise slain by Heremon. Thus, Heremon became sole Monarch, and made a new division of the land amongst his comrades and friends, viz.: the south part, now called Munster, he gave to his brother Heber's four sons, Er, Orba, Feron, and Fergna; the north part, now Ulster, he gave to Ir's only son Heber Donn; the east part or Coigeadh, Galian, now called Leinster, be gave to Criomthann-sciath-bheil, one of his commanders; and the west part, now called Connaught, Heremon gave to Un-Mac-Oigge, another of his commanders; allotting a part of Munster to Lughaidh (the son of Ithe, the first Milesian discoverer of Ireland), amongst his brother Heber's sons. From these three brothers, Heber, Ir, and Heremon (Amergin dying without issue), are descended all the Milesian Irish of Ireland and Scotland, viz.: from Heber, the eldest brother, the provincial Kings of Munster (of whom thirty-eight were sole Monarchs of Ireland), and most of the nobility and gentry of Munster, and many noble families in Scotland, are descended. From Ir, the second brother, all the provincial Kings of Ulster (of whom twenty-six were sole Monarchs of Ireland), and all the ancient nobility and gentry of Ulster, and many noble families in Leinster, Munster, and Connaught, derive their pedigrees; and, in Scotland, the Clan-na-Rory - the descendants of an eminent man, named Ruadhri or Roderick, who was Monarch of Ireland for seventy years (viz., from Before Christ 288 to 218). From Heremon, the youngest of the three brothers, were descended one hundred and fourteen sole Monarchs of Ireland: the provincial Kings and Hermonian nobility and gentry of Leinster, Connaught, Meath, Orgiall, Tirowen, Tirconnell, and Clan-na-boy; the Kings of Dalriada; all the Kings of Scotland from Fergus Mór MacEarea, down to the Stuarts; and the Kings and Queens of England from Henry the Second down to tile present time. The issue of Ithe is not accounted among the Milesian Irish or Clan-na-Milé, as not being descended from Milesius, but from his uncle Ithe; of whose posterity there were also some Monarchs of Ireland (see Roll of the Irish Monarchs, infra), and many provincial or half provincial Kings of Munster: that country upon its first division being allocated to the sons of Heber and to Lughaidh, son of Ithe, whose posterity continued there accordingly. This invasion, conquest, or plantation of Ireland by the Milesian or Scottish Nation took place in the Year of the World three thousand Ova hundred, or the next year after Solomon began the foundation of the Temple of Jerusalem, and one thousand six hundred and ninety-nine years before the Nativity of our Saviour Jesus Christ; which, according to the Irish computation of Time, occurred Anno Mundi five thousand one hundred and ninety-nine: therein agreeing with the Septuagint, Roman Martyrologies, Eusebius, Orosius, and other ancient authors; which computation the ancient Irish chroniclers exactly observed in their Books of the Reigns of the Monarchs of Ireland, and other Antiquities of that Kingdom ; out of which the Roll of the Monarchs of Ireland, from the beginning of the Milesian Monarchy to their submission to King Henry the Second of England, a Prince of their own Blood, is exactly collected. [As the Milesian invasion of Ireland took place the next year after the laying of the foundation of the Temple of Jerusalem by Solomon, King of Israel, we may infer that Solomon was contemporary with Milesius of Spain; and that the Pharaoh King of Egypt, who (1 Kings iii. 1,) gave his daughter in marriage to Solomon, was the Pharaoh who conferred on Milesius of Spain the hand of another daughter Scota.] Milesius of Spain bore three Lions in his shield and standard, for the following reasons; namely, that, in his travels in his younger days into foreign countries, passing through Africa, he, by his cunning and valour, killed in one morning three Lions; and that, in memory of so noble and valiant an exploit, he always after bore three Lions on his shield, which his two surviving sons Heber and Heremon, and his grandson Heber Donn, son of Ir, after their conquest of Ireland, divided amongst them, as well as they did the country: each of them. bearing a Lion in his shield and banner, but of different colours; which the Chiefs of their posterity continue to this day: some with additions and differences; others plain and entire as they had it from their ancestors.
37. Heber Fionn, was the first Milesian Monarch of Ireland, conjointly with his brother Heremon. Heber was slain by Heremon, Before Christ, 1698.
38. Conmaol: his son; was the twelfth Monarch.
(The year in which any of the Monarchs began to reign can be ascertained in the "Roll of the Monarchs of Ireland," in the last preceding chapter.)
39. Eochaidh Faobhar Glas: his son; the 17th Monarch.
40. Eanna Airgthach: his son; was the 21st Monarch; and the first who caused silver shields to be made.
41. Glas: his son.
42. Ros: his son.
43. Rotheacta: his son.
44. Fearard: his son.
45. Cas: his son,
46. Munmoin: his son; was the 25th Monarch; and the first who ordained his Nobles to wear gold chains about their necks.
47. Fualdergoid: his son; was the 26th Monarch; and the first who ordered his Nobility to wear gold rings on their fingers.
48. Cas Cedchaingnigh: his son. This Cas was a learned man; he revised the study of the laws, poetry, and other laudable sciences (which were) much eclipsed and little practised since the death of Amergin Glungheal, one of the sons of Milesius, who was their Druid or Archpriest, and who was slain in battle by his brother Heremon soon after their brother Heber's death.
49. Failbhe Iolcorach: his son; was the first who ordained that stone walls should be built as boundaries between the neighbours' lands.
50. Ronnach: his son.
51. Rotheachta: his son; was the 35th Monarch.
52. Eiliomh Ollfhionach: his son.
53. Art Imleach: his son; the 38th Monarch.
54. Breas Rioghacta: his son; the 40th Monarch.
55. Seidnae Innaridh: his son; was the 43rd Monarch; and the first who, in Ireland, enlisted his soldiers in pay and under good discipline. Before his time, they had no other pay than what they could gain from their enemies.
56. Duach Fionn: his son; died B.C. 893.
57. Eanna Dearg: his son; was the 47th Monarch. In the twelfth year of his reign he died suddenly, with most of his retinue, adoring their false gods at Sliabh Mis, B.C. 880 years.
58. Lughaidh Iardhonn: his son.
59. Eochaidh (2): his son.
60. Lughaidh: his son; died B.C. 831.
61. Art (2): his son; was the 54th Monarch; and was slain by his successor in the Monarchy, who was uncle to the former Monarch.
62. Olioll Fionn: his son.
63. Eochaidh (3): his son.
64. Lughaidh Lagha: his son; died B.C. 730.
65. Reacht Righ-dearg: his son; was the 65th Monarch; and was called "Righ-dearg" or the red king, for having a hand in a woman's blood: having slain queen Macha of the line of Ir, and (see No. 64, on the "Roll of the Monarchs," page 60), the only woman that held the Monarchy of Ireland. He was a warlike Prince and fortunate in his undertakings. He went into Scotland with a powerful army to reduce to obedience the Pictish nation, then growing refractory in the payment of their yearly tribute to the Monarchs of Ireland; which having performed, he returned, and, after twenty years' reign, was slain in battle by his Heremonian successor, B.C. 633.
66. Cobthach Caomh: son of Reacht Righ-dearg.
67. Moghcorb: his son.
68. Fearcorb: his son.
69. Adhamhra Foltcain: his son; died, B.C. 412.
70. Niadhsedhaman: his son; was the 83rd Monarch. In his time the wild deer were, through the sorcery and witchcraft of his mother, usually driven home with the cows, and tamely suffered themselves to be milked every day.
71. Ionadmaor: his son; was the 87th Monarch.
72. Lughaidh Luaighne: his son; the 89th Monarch.
73. Cairbre Lusgleathan: his son.
74. Duach Dalladh Deadha: his son; was the 91st Monarch, and (except Crimthann, the 125th Monarch, was) the last of thirty-three Monarchs of the line of Heber that ruled the Kingdom; and but one more of them came to the Monarchy - namely, Brian Boroimhe, the thirty-first generation down from this Duach, who pulled out his younger brother Deadha's eyes (hence the epithet Dalladh, "blindness," applied to Deadha) for daring to come between him and the throne.
75. Eochaidh Garbh: his son.
76. Muireadach Muchna: his son.
77. Mofebhis: his wife. [In the ancient Irish Regal Roll the name of Mofebhis is by mistake entered after that of her husband, instead of the name of their son, Loich Mór; and, sooner than disturb the register numbers of the succeeding names, O'Clery thought best to let the name of Mofebhis remain on the Roll, but to point out the inaccuracy.]
78. Loich Mor: son of Muireadach and Mofebhis.
79. Eanna Muncain: his son.
80. Dearg Theine: his son. This Dearg had a competitor in the Kingdom of Munster, named Darin, of the sept of Lugaidh, son of Ithe, the first (Milesian) discoverer of Ireland; between whom it was agreed that their posterity should reign by turns, and when (one of) either of the septs was King, (one of) the other should govern in the civil affairs of the Kingdom; which agreement continued so, alternately, for some generations.
81. Dearg (2): son of Dearg Theine.
82. Magha Neid: his son.
83. Eoghan Mor [Owen Mor], or Eugene the Great: his son. This Eugene was commonly called "Mogha Nuadhad," and was a wise and politic prince and great warrior. From him Magh-Nuadhad (now "Maynooth") is so called; where a great battle was fought between him and Conn of the Hundred Battles, the 110th Monarch of Ireland, A.D. 122, with whom he was in continual wars, until at last, after many bloody battles, he forced him to divide the kingdom with him in two equal parts by the boundary of Esker Riada - a long ridge of Hills from Dublin to Galway; determining the south part to himself, which he called after his own name Leath Mogha or Mogha's Half (of Ireland), as the north part was called Leath Cuinn or Conn's Half; and requiring Conn to give his daughter Sadhbh (or Sabina) in marriage to his eldest son Olioll Olum. Beara, daughter of Heber, the great King of Castile (in Spain), was his wife, and the mother of Olioll Olum and of two daughters (who were named respectively), Caomheall and Scothniamh; after all, he was slain in Battle by the said Conn of the Hundred Battles.
84. Olioll Olum: son of Eoghan Mor; was the first of this line named in the Regal Roll to be king of both Munsters; for, before him, there were two septs that were alternately kings of Munster, until this Olioll married Sabina, daughter of the Monarch Conn of the Hundred Battles, and widow of Mac Niadh, chief of the other sept of Darin, descended from Ithe, and by whom she had one son named Lughaidh, commonly called "Luy Maccon;" who, when he came to man's age, demanded from Olioll, his stepfather, the benefit of the agreement formerly made between their ancestors; which Olioll not only refused to grant, but he also banished Maccon out of Ireland; who retired into Scotland, where, among his many friends and relations, he soon collected a strong party, returned with them to Ireland, and with the help and assistance of the rest of his sept who joined with them, he made war upon Olioll; to whose assistance his (Olioll's) brother-in-law, Art-Ean-Fhear, then Monarch of Ireland, came with a good army; between whom and Maccon was fought the great and memorable battle of Magh Mucromha (or Muckrove), near Athenry, where the Monarch Art, together with seven of Olioll's nine sons, by Sabina, lost their lives, and their army was totally defeated and routed. By this great victory Maccon not only recovered his right to the Kingdom of Munster, but the Monarchy also, wherein he maintained himself for thirty years; leaving the Kingdom of Munster to his stepfather Olioll Olum, undisturbed.
After the battle, Olioll, having but two sons left alive, namely Cormac-Cas and Cian, and being very old, settled his kingdom upon Cormac, the elder son of the two, and his posterity; but soon after being informed that Owen Mór, his eldest son (who was slain in the battle of Magh Mucromha, above mentioned), had by a Druid's daughter issue, named Feach (Fiacha Maolleathan as he was called), born after his father's death, Olioll ordained that Cormac should be king during his life, and Feach to succeed him, and after him Cormac's son, and their posterity to continue so by turns; which (arrangement) was observed between them for many generations, sometimes dividing the kingdom between them, by the name of South, or North Munster, or Desmond, and Thomond.
From these three sons of Olioll Olum are descended the Hiberian nobility and gentry of Munster and other parts of Ireland; viz., from Owen Mór are descended M`Carthy, O'Sullivan, O'Keeffe, and the rest of the ancient nobility of Desmond; from Cormac-Cas are descended O'Brien, MacMahon, O'Kennedy, and the rest of the nobility and gentry of Thomond; and from Cian [Kian] are descended O'Carroll (of Ely-O'Carroll), O'Meagher, O'Hara, O'Gara, etc.
85. Owen Mór (2): son of Olioll Olum.
86. Fiacha (or Feach) Maolleathan: his son.
87. Olioll Flann-beag: his son. This Olioll, King of Munster for thirty years, had an elder brother, Olioll Flann-mór, who, having no issue, adopted his younger brother to be his heir; conditionally, that his name should be inserted in the Pedigree as the father of this Olioll; and so it is in several copies of the Munster antiquaries, with the reason thereof, as here given.
88. Lughaidh: son of Olioll Flann-beag; had two younger brothers named Main Mun-Chain, and Daire (or Darius) Cearb; and by a second marriage he had two sons - 1. Lughach, 2. Cobthach.
89. Corc: eldest son of Lughaidh. This Corc, to shun the unnatural love of his stepmother, fled in his youth to Scotland, where he married Mong-fionn, daughter of Feredach Fionn, otherwise called Fionn Cormac, King of the Picts (who, in Irish, are called Cruithneach or Cruithneans), by whom he had several sons, whereof Main Leamhna, who remained in Scotland, was the ancestor of "Mor Mhaor Leamhna," i.e., Great Stewards of Lennox; from whom were descended the Kings of Scotland and England of the Stewart or Stuart Dynasty, and Cronan, who married Cairche, daughter of Leaghaire MacNiall, the 128th Monarch of Ireland, by whom he got territory in Westmeath, from her called "Cuircneach," now called Dillon's Country.
This Corc, also, although never converted to Christianity, was one of the three Kings or Princes appointed by the triennial parliament held at Tara in St. Patrick's time, "to review, examine, and reduce into order all the monuments of antiquity, genealogies, chronicles, and records of the Kingdom ;" the other two being Daire or Darius, a Prince of Ulster, and Leary the Monarch. With these three were associated for that purpose St. Patrick, St. Benignus, and St. Carioch; together with Dubhthach, Fergus, and Rosse Mac Trichinn, the chief antiquaries of Ireland (at the time). From Corc, the City of Cork is called, according to some authors.
90. Nathfraoch: son of Corc; had a brother named Cas.
91. Aongus or Æneas: his son. This was the first Christian King of Munster. He had twenty-four sons and twenty-four daughters, whereof he devoted to the service of God one-half of both sexes.
When this King was baptized by St. Patrick, the Saint offering to fasten his Staff or Crozier in the ground, accidentally happened to pierce the foot of Æneas through, whereby he lost much blood; but thinking it to be part of the ceremony (of Baptism), he patiently endured it until the Saint had done. He ordained three pence per annum from every person that should be baptized throughout Munster, to be paid to St. Patrick and the Church in manner following: viz., five hundred cows, five hundred stone of iron, five hundred shirts, five hundred coverlets, and five hundred sheep, every third year. He reigned 36 years, at the end whereof he and his wife Eithne, daughter of Crimthann-Cas, King of Leinster, were slain.
92. Felim, his son; was the second Christian King of Munster. His eleven brothers that did not enter into Religious Orders were - 1. Eocha, third Christian King of Munster, ancestor of O'Keeffe; 2. Dubh Ghilcach; 3. Breasail, from whom descended the great antiquary and holy man Cormac Mac Culenan, the 39th Christian King of Munster, and Archbishop of Cashel, author of the ancient Irish Chronicles called the "Psalter of Cashel ;" 4. Senach; 5. Aodh (or Hugh) Caoch (Eithne was mother of the last three); 6. Carrthann; 7. Nafireg; 8. Aodh; 9. Felim; 10. Losian; and 11. Dathi; from all of whom many families are descended.
93. Crimthann: his son.
94. Aodh Dubh [Duff]: his son; reigned 15 years.
95. Failbhe Flann (died A.D. 633): son of Aodh Dubh; was the 16th Christian King of Munster, and reigned 40 years. He had a brother named Fingin, who reigned before him, and who is said by the Munster antiquaries to be the elder; this Fingin was ancestor of O'Sullivan. According to O'Dugan and O'Heerin, who lived in the 14th century, we find that Fingin was the elder son. He was elected joint King of Munster, with Cairbre, upon the death of Amalgaidh and in the lifetime of Failbhe. His name also appears on the Regal Roll before that of his brother; and he represented his native province in the Assembly at Dromceat (the Mullogh, in Roe Park, near Limavady, in co. Derry), convened by Hugh, Monarch of Ireland, and honoured by the presence of St. Columbcille.
96. Colgan: his son; was the 21st Christian King of Munster, for 13 years. He is styled, in O'Dugan's "Kings of the Race of Heber," Colga McFalvey the Generous Chief.
97. Nathfraoch; his son; King of Munster A.D. 954.
98. Daologach: his son; had two brothers - Faolgursa and Sneaghra.
99. Dungal: his son; from whom are descended the Clann Dunghaile or O'Riordan, who was antiquary to O'Carroll Ely; had a brother Sneidh.
100. Sneidh: son of Dungal. This Sneidh had five brothers - 1. Algenan, the 32nd Christian King of Munster; 2. Maolguala, the 33rd King; 3. Foghartach; 4. Edersceol; and 5. Dungus, from all whom are many families. Maolguala here mentioned had a son named Maolfogartach, who was the 34th Christian King of Munster, who was taken prisoner and stoned to death by the Danes who were then invading Ireland.
101. Artgal: son of Sneidh.
102. Lachtna: his son. This prince lived during the seven years' reign of his kinsman, the celebrated Cormac, King of Munster.
103. Bouchan: his son; left, besides other children, Gormflath, who married Donal, King of the Desii, to whom she bore Mothla O'Felan, who fell at Clontarf.
104. Ceallachan Cashel: his son; was the 42nd Christian King of Munster; reigned ten years; was a great scourge to the Danes, and at length routed them totally out of Munster. In one battle (Knock-Saingal, co. of Limerick) with a single stroke of his battle-axe he cleft the skull of Aulaf, the Danish general, through his heavy brass helmet.
105. Doncha or Duncan: his son; was the first "Prince of Desmond."
106. Saorbhreathach or Justin: his son; had two brothers - 1. Foghartach or Maolfoghartach, the 43rd King of Munster after Christianity was planted there; and 2. Murcha, who was ancestor of O'Callaghan of Cloonmeen.
107. Carthach, Prince of Desmond: son of Justin; a quo MacCarthaigh, anglicised MacCarthy, and MacCaura; was a great commander against the Danes; was A.D. 1045, burned to death, with a great number of his kinsmen, in a house in which he had taken shelter after a conflict with some Dalcassian troops, by the son of Lonargan, the grandson of Donchuan who was brother to Brian Boroimhe. It is right to observe that MacCarthy has, in some branches of the family, become Maccartney, McCarthy, McCartie, McCarty, and Carter; and that there was in Ireland an O'Carthaigh family, which was anglicised O'Carthy, and modernized O'Carry, Carté, Cartie, and Carty.
108. Muireadach: son of Carthach; the first who assumed the sirname "MacCarthy;" was lord of Eoghanacht Caisil; born 1011; became ruler of his country in 1045, and d. 1092. He had a brother named Teige, who, on the death of said Muireadach succeeded to the crown of Munster, and who d. in 1123, leaving a dau. Sadhbh (Saïv); this lady m. Dermod O'Brien Muireadhach left three sons - 1. Cormac, 2. Donogh, and 3. Teige.
109. Cormac Magh-Tamnagh, bishop-King of Caisil: his son; succeeded to the throne on the death of his uncle Teige in 1123. This Prince m. Sadhbh, the widow of Dermod O'Brien, and his uncle Teige's daughter, by whom he had, besides other children, Dermod; Teige who d. s. p.; and Finghin who was called "Lic-Lachtna," and who was killed in 1207. This Cormac, "King of Desmond" and "Bishop of the Kings of Ireland," .... was by treachery killed in his own house by Tirlogh, son of Diarmaid O'Brien, and by Dermod Lugach O'Conor "Kerry." Sometime before this Cormac, the ancient division of South and North Munster (or Desmond and Thomond) was renewed: this family retaining that of Kings of South Munster (or Desmond), and the progeny of Cormac Cas, second son of Olioll Olum, that of North Munster (or Thomond; to which they were trusting during the reigns of fifty Kings of this Sept over all Munster, from Fiacha Maolleathan down to Mahoun, son of Cenneadh, and elder brother of Brian Boromha [Boroo], who was the first of the other Sept that attained to the sovereignty of all Munster; which they kept and maintained always after, and also assumed that of the whole Monarchy of Ireland for the most part of the time up to the Anglo-Norman Invasion, and the submission of Dermod to Henry the Second, King of England.
110. Dermod-Mór-na-Cill-Baghain, Prince of Desmond, and King of Cork, A.D. 1144 to A.D. 1185: his son; was the first of the family that submitted to the Anglo-Norman yoke, A.D. 1172; was b. A.D. 1098; and m. twice, the second wife being a young Anglo-Norman lady named Petronilla de Bleete (or Bloet), "dame issue d'une noble famille d'Angleterre," with whom the family of Stack came to Ireland, and through whose influence they obtained from Dermod MacCarthy extensive possessions in the county of Kerry. Dermod was 75 years old when he contracted this second marriage.
By his submission to the English King, Dermod alienated the affections of his subjects (or clansmen), and his own children even rose against him. Cormac Liathanach, his eldest son, was proclaimed King of Munster, by the constitutional party of his people, and collected a numerous force for the expulsion of the strangers with whom his degenerate father was in alliance.
Dermod was taken prisoner and put into confinement so as to place him beyond the possibility of rendering any assistance to the Anglo-Normans who invaded Desmond. Cormac was murdered in 1177, by Conor and Cathal O'Donoghue for the killing of Maccraith O'Sullivan; his father was released, and slaughtered all those who questioned his authority and who would not submit to him; in this murdering he was aided by Raymond le Gros, to whom, in consideration of such services, he granted the whole country forming the now barony of ClanMaurice in the county of Kerry. According to the then established law of Ireland the Chief of any tribe had it not in his power to alienate any portion of the tribe lands, so Dermod was legally guilty of treason against the Constitution, and of the robbery of his people. This Raymond le Gros had a son, Maurice, from whom his descendants have been named Fitzmaurice, the head of which family is at present called "Marquis of Lansdowne." This Dermod was slain in 1185 near the City of Cork, by Theobald Fitzwalter (Butler), and the English of that place, whilst holding a conference with them: -
"And thus did he pay for his error in woe,
His life to the Butler, his crown to the foe."
Dermod had five sons - 1. Cormac, above mentioned, whose descendants are given in the Carew Collections of MSS., from 1180 to 1600; 2. Donal, who succeeded him; 3. Muircheartach, who was slain by the O'Driscolls, in 1179; 4. Teige Roe na-Scairte ("na-scairte:" Irish, of the bushes, and a quo Skerrett), from whom are descended the Clan Teige Roe; and 5. Finin, a future Prince of Desmond, who, in 1208, was slain by his nephews.
111. Donal Mór na-Curra ("na curra": Irish, of the planting; "cur": Irish, a sowing; Heb., "cur," to dig), Prince of Desmond from 1185 to 1205: his son. Born 1138. Donal defeated the Anglo-Normans in Munster, and drove them out of Limerick, in 1196; and again, in 1203, he defeated them when upwards of one hundred and sixty of these free-booters were slain. He left three sons, viz.: 1. Dermod of Dun-Droghian, who d. in 1217, leaving two sons, Teige and Finin, who were killed by their uncles - Teige in 1257, and Finin in 1235; 2. Cormac Fionn; and 3. Donal Oge, alias Donal Goth ("goth": Irish, straight), who was lord of Carbery, and ancestor of MacCarthy Glas, and MacCarthy Riabhach. From this Donal Mór the word "Mór" (or Great) was added to the sirname of the elder branch of this family, to distinguish them from the younger branches spread from this ancient stock.
112. Cormac Fionn: his son; born A.D. 1170. This prince founded the Abbey of Tracton, near Kinsale. He was earnestly solicited by the English King Henry III. to aid him in his Scottish wars. He died in 1242, and left six sons - 1: Donal Roe, of whom below; 2. Donn, of Inis-Droighan, who was ancestor of MacCarthy of Acha-rassy; 3. Dermod, who was the ancestor of MacDonough, and the MacCarthys, of Duhallow; 4. Donal Fionn, who was the ancestor of the MacCarthys called "Clann Donal Fionn," of Evenaliah; 5. Doncha-an-Drumin (or Doncha the Drummer), who was the ancestor of MacDonnell of Barrotto, and a quo O'Druim, anglicised Drum, Drumin, and Drummond; and 6. Donoch Cairtneach, a quo the Viscounts MacCartney, barons of Lisanoure. This Donoch, who became King of Desmond, left two sons: 1. Donal, who joined Edward the Bruce in his invasion of Ireland, and afterwards served under the standard of his brother, Robert King of Scotland, from whom he obtained a grant of lands in Argylshire, whence some of his descendants removed into Galloway, out of which a branch of the family removed into the county of Antrim, where it received a title from the English government, in the person of George Macartney, who, in 1776 was created Viscount Macartney and Baron of Lisanoure; the second son of Donoch was Teige of Dun Mac Tomain, who had a daughter Sadhbh (anglicé "Sarah"), who married Turlogh O'Brien, Prince of Thomond, who is No. 109 on the "O'Brien of Thomond" pedigree. This Cormac had a dau. Catherine, m. to Murtogh Mór O'Sullivan Mór.
113. Donal Roe MacCarthy Mór, Prince of Desmond: his son, b. 1239; d. 1302; he m. Margaret, the dau. of Nicholas Fitzmaurice, third lord of Kerry, by his wife Slaine, the dau. of O'Brien, prince of Thomond. He left, besides other children - Donal Oge; and Dermod Oge, of Tralee, who was slain in 1325 at Tralee, by his own cousin, Maurice Fitz-Nicholas Fitz-Maurice, 4th lord of Kerry; this Dermod Oge was ancestor of the MacFinghin Carthys of Cetherne and Gleneroughty, who was in 1880 represented by Randal Mac Finghin Mór - the Very Rev. Dr. MacCarthy, then Catholic Bishop of Kerry.
114. Donal Oge MacCarthy Mór: son of Donal Roe; b. 1239, d. 1307. This prince entered Carbery in A.D. 1306, and took his father's cousin-german, Donal Maol MacCarthy, prisoner; he released him soon afterwards, however, and in the close of the same year, both princes led their united forces against the Anglo-Normans, in Desmond. He left a daughter, Orflaith, who m. Turlogh Mór O'Brien, who is No. 114 on the "O'Brien of Thomond" pedigree.
115. Cormac MacCarthy Mór, Prince of Desmond: his son; b. 1271; d. 1359. This Prince m. Honoria, the dau. of Maurice Fitz-Maurice, 6th lord of Kerry, by his wife Elizabeth Condon, and had issue: - 1. Donal; 2. Dermod Mór, created "Lord of Muscry," in 1353, and who was the ancestor of MacCarthy, lords of Muscry (or Muskerry) and Earls of Clancarty; 3. Feach (or Fiacha), ancestor of MacCarthy of Maing; 4. Donoch, ancestor of MacCarthy of Ardcanaghty; 5. Finghin (or Florence); 6. Eoghan; 7. Donal Buidhe (pr. bhwee); 8. Teige of Leamhain; and a daughter Catherine, m. to O'Sullivan Mór.
116. Donal MacCarthy Mór, Prince of Desmond: his son; b. 1303, d. 1371. He m. Joanna, the dau. of Maurice Oge Fitzgerald, 4th earl of Kildare (died 1391); and left issue: -
1. Teige; and 2. Donal, who d.s.p., in 1409. This Donal's wife Joanna, was usually styled the "Countess of Desmond."
117. Teige na Manistreach ("na manistreach": Irish, of the Monastery). his son; b. 1340; d. 1413, in the City of Cork, and was interred there in the Franciscan Monastery, which he richly endowed.
118. Donal an Daimh ("an daimh": Irish, the poet): his son; b. 1373. This distinguished prince rebuilt the Franciscan abbey of Irrelagh or Muckross, on the borders of Lough Lene, the foundation of his ancestor, Cormac MacCarthy Mór, and dedicated it to the Holy Trinity. He died at an advanced age, leaving, besides other children, Eleanor (Nell), who m. Geoffrey O'Donoghue, chief of Glenflesk.
119. Teige-Liath: his son; born, 1407. He was slain in a battle between his own forces and those of the Earl of Desmond, in 1490.
120. Cormac Ladhrach: his son; b. 1440; d. 1516. This prince m. Eleanor, the dau. of Edmond Fitzmaurice, 9th lord of Kerry, by his wife, Mora, the dau. of O'Connor-Kerry.
121. Donal an Drumin: his son; b. 1481. This prince concluded a peace in 15 - with Leonard Grey, Lord deputy of Ireland, into whose hands he delivered Teige and Dermod O'Mahony, his kinsmen, as hostages for his future fealty. He left issue: - 1. Donal; 2. Teige, whose dau. Catherine, m. Thomas Fitzmaurice, lord of Kerry; 3. Catherine, who m. Finghin MacCarthy Reagh; and 4. Honoria, the 4th wife of James Fitzgerald, 15th Earl of Desmond.
122. Donal MacCarthy Mór: his son; b. 1518, d. 1596. This prince m. Honoria, the dau. of his brother-in-law, James, Earl of Desmond. He was, in 1565, created by Queen Elizabeth, Earl of Clancare (or Glencare), in the "Kingdom of Kerry," and Viscount of Valentia in the same county. Glencare or Clancare is a corrupted form of "Clan Carthy" - the English Court at that time being ignorant of the language or usages of the Irish. In 1568, this Donal was looked upon by his countrymen as "King of Munster." The "honours" heaped on him by the "virgin queen" expired with him, as he left no male legitimate issue. He left an illegitimate son, Donal, who proclaimed himself "The MacCarthy Mór," but did not succeed in his designs. His only legitimate child, the Princess Elana, married the celebrated Finghin MacCarthy. At A.D. 1596 the Four Masters say of this Donal: -
"MacCarthy Mór died, namely Donal, son of Donal, son of Cormac Ladhrach, son of Teige; and although he was called MacCarthy Mór, he had been honourably created earl (of Clancare in Cork), before that time, by command of the sovereign of England; he left no male heir after him, who would be appointed his successor; and only one daughter (Elana or Ellen), who became the wife of the son of MacCarthy. Riabhach, namely Fingin or Florence, and all were of opinion that he was heir to that MacCarthy, who died, namely Donal."
123. Elana: dau. and heiress of Donal The MacCarthy Mór, Prince of Desmond; m. in 1588 Fingin (or Florence) MacCarthy Riabhach ("riabhach;" Irish, brindled, swarthy), Prince of Carbery and a quo Rea, Ray, and Wray), and had issue: - 1. Teige who d.s.p., in the Tower of London; 2. Donal; 3. Florence; and 4. Cormac. This Florence, the husband of Elana, and son of Sir Donogh MacCarthy Riabhach, was b. in Carbery, 1579, d. in London, Dec. 18th, 1640; his burial is thus registered in St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London: -
"MARKARKEY,
Decr. 18, 1640,
Dms. Hibernicus."
He was twice in captivity in London: the first period lasted eleven years and a few months; his second lasted thirty-nine years. His first offence was marrying an Irish Princess without Queen Elizabeth's permission; his second was "for reasons of state;" in neither case was he brought to trial. In 1600, in The O'Neill's camp at Inniscarra, near Cork, Florence was solemnly created The MacCarthy Mór, with all the rites and ceremonies of his family for hundreds of generations; which title and dignity was formally approved of by Aodh (or Hugh) O'Neill, the then virtual Ard Righ, or Ruler of the Irish in Ireland.
124. Donal: son of Elana and Fingin; m. Sarah, the dau. of Randal McDonnell, earl of Antrim, and widow of Nial Oge O'Neill of Killelah, and of Sir Charles O'Connor Sligo. Issue - two sons - 1. Florence, who m. Elinor, dau. of John Fitzgerald, Knight of Kerry, and died without issue; and 2. Cormac.
125. Cormac MacCarthy Mór: son of Cormac; m. Honoria, dau. of John, Lord of Brittas; and was a Colonel in the army of King James II.
126. Fingin (or Florence) MacCarthy Mór: his son; m. Mary, dau. of Charles MacCarthy of Cloghroe. Issue: - 1. Randal; 2. Cormac; 3. Donal; 4. Eliza; and 5: Anne.
This (1) Randal, conformed to the late Established Church in Ireland; m. Agnes, eldest dau. of Edward Herbert, of Muckross, by Frances Browne, youngest dau. of Nicholas, the second lord and sister to Valentine the third lord Kenmare. Issue: - 1. Charles (d.s.p. 1770), who was called The Last MacCarthy Mór, and was an officer in the Guards; 2. a dau. Elizabeth, m. to Geoffrey O'Donoghue of the Glen.
127. Cormac: the second son of Fingin; lived along the Blackwater, and at Cork; married Dela, the dau. and heiress of Joseph Welply (or Guelph), who emigrated from Wales, and settled in Cork, possessing a tract of land betwen the North and South Channel, with other portions of the confiscated estates of the Muscry MacCarthys, which were purchased for him. Cormac succeeded to Welply's possessions, assumed the name of his father-in-law, and was generally called "Welply MacCarthy." He died about 1761. Issue: - John, Dela, Samuel, and James.
128. John MacCarthy Mór (alias Welply): son of Cormac; married Elizabeth Minheer, by whom he had issue three sons, and eight daughters. The sons were - 1. William, who is 129 on this pedigree; 2. John, of Bengour, parish of Murragh, co. Cork, who married a Miss Norwood; 3. Joseph, who died unmarried. Of the daughters, one was married to Alderman Sparks; one to Alderman Penlerrick, of Cork, one to - Baldwin, of Ballyvorney; one (Abigail, who d. 20th Sept., 1722) to John Nash (died 1725), of Brinney, near Bandon; one to Sir John Crowe; one to - Bellsang of Bandon; and another to Walter Philips of Mossgrove, Kilnalmeaky.
129. William: son of John MacCarthy Mór (alias "Welply"), The MacCarthy Mór; m. Anne Harris of Bandon. On the death of his parents, in Cork, he removed to one of his possessions called Crahallah, barony of Muscry, and subsequently to Lower Bellmount, parish of Moviddy, where, in 1833, he died aged 91 years, divested of nearly all his property; his wife died in 1836, aged 81 years; both buried at St. Helen's, Moviddy. Issue, three sons and six daughters: - I. John (No. 130 on this stem); II. Marmaduke; III. William; IV. Elizabeth V. Mary; VI. Jane; VII. Catherine; VIII. Anne; and IX. Sadhbh (or Sarah).
(II.) Marmaduke: second son of William; m. Jane Uncles of Carbery, resided in Cork city, and d. s. p.; interred at Moviddy.
(III.) William of Crookstown: third son of William; m. twice; 1st, to Ellen, dau. of John and Joanna Holland his wife; 2ndly, to Ellen Collins of Mitchelstown (died Feb., 1873). Issue only by 1st wife: - 1. Annie, b. 15th March, 1833, m. 4th March, 1850 to John Spence, has two sons, and six daus., some of them married, they reside in London, Canada West, North America.
2. Elizabeth-Jane; second daughter of William; b. 12th April, 1835, m. 10th June, 1860, at St. Luke's Church, Chelsea, London, to James Howell. Issue: - three children - 1. James-Philip-Edward, b. 24th June, 1861; 2. Arthur-William, b. 22nd Feb., 1864; and 3. Elizabeth Ellen (Bessie), b. March 8th, 1866. James Howell, d. 21st Feb., 1870, and this Elizabeth-Jane, m. secondly James Lidbetter, of Buckland, near Hastings, Sussex, August 13th, 1877, at St. Peter's Church, Pimlico, London; he died s. p. May 11th, 1881, buried at Fulham Cemetery. This Elizabeth-Jane and her three children are alive in London in 1887.
3. Mary Anne; third dau. of William; b. Nov. 11th, 1842, m. Feb. 9th, 1862, Joseph Topley, at St. Philip's Church, Kensington, London. Issue: - One dau., Elizabeth-Jane, b. August 13th, 1864, d. Jan. 24th, 1874. Joseph Topley d. Jan. 3rd, 1871. This Mary-Anne m. secondly to Richard Cole of Nighton, Radnorshire, at St. Paul's Church, Hammersmith, Feb. 4th, 1873. Issue: - One son - Charles Alfred, b. April 7th, 1874. This Richard Cole d. July 28th, 1874. Mrs. Cole and her son are living at Old Brentford, Middlesex, in 1887.
William ("Welply") MacCarthy Mór; died May 12th May, 1873, aged 73 years, and was buried at Hammersmith cemetery.
(IV.) Elizabeth, m. twice; 1st, to George Good (or O'Guda), of Reen, parish of Murragh, co. Cork; issue extinct, the last being Anne of Crookstown, d. 5th Nov., 1881, and buried at Moviddy. This Elizabeth m. 2ndly, to John Payne, only son of Thomas Payne, of Garryhankard, near Bandon: surviving issue being Jane-Elizabeth, m. John Curran of Coothill, who was subsequently teacher in Fermoy College, more lately Manager of the Turkish Baths of Bray, and lastly of Lincoln Place Baths, Dublin, where he d. in 1886, leaving no issue; this Jane-Elizabeth lives (1887) at Rathcore Rectory, Enfield, co. Meath.
(V.) Mary, m. William Rose, of Ballincollig, near Cork, both d., leaving issue: Alexander, and Mary: Alexander (died 1879), m. twice: 1st, to a Miss Lee, by whom he had a numerous issue; by his 2nd wife, Miss Kelleher, he had no issue: Mary, m. Cornelius Sporle, of Essex, England; only surviving issue is Louisa, m. to Joseph Rainsbury.
(VI.) Jane, m. Richard, son of Walter De Val (or Wall) of Lower Bellmount; d. leaving an only dau. Jane-Anne, who m. Robert O'Neill, alias, "Payne," - See the "O'Neill" Prince of Tyrone pedigree, No. 133.
(VII.) Catherine d. unm.
(VIII.) Anne, m. Michael Cunningham, of Bantry, subsequently of Lower Bellmount: - Issue - 1. Michael, who m. three times: 1st, to Mary Lynch, 2nd to Mary Healy, and 3rd to Mary Broe; Issue by the first marriage extinct; by the 2nd marriage he had:
1. John (in Boston), m. and has issue; (2.) Maria (d.), m. a Mr. Kelly. Issue: - Annie, Frederick, Cecilia; 3. Annie (d), m. a Mr. Graham. Issue: - Arthur-John-George; 4. Marmaduke, d. an infant; 5. Patrick (in Boston), unm. in 1887; 6. Nora (in Chicago), unm. in 1887; issue by the 3rd marriage - 7. Nelly (or Eleanor), b. 3rd Sept., 1865; 8. Edward, b. 8th June, 1876; 9. Sadhbh (or Sarah) d. an infant; and 10. Alexander, b. 12th Dec., 1871; these three with their mother live at Lr. Bellmount, 1887. 2. William, the second son of Anne, m. a Miss Jeffers, of Waterford; lives (1887) in Dublin, and has issue. 3. Daniel, the third son of Anne, lives in England. 4. Margaret, d. unm.
IX. Sadhbb (or Sarah), m. Richard Swords, of Bandon; lived and died in Cork; buried at St. Finn Barr's. Issue - William, Robert, Edward, Joseph, Mary-Anne, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Jane; Richard Swords, d. in Cork; Mary-Anne (1887) lives in Cork; the others reside in Washington, U.S. America
130. John: eldest son of William; m. Anne O'Crowly, of Kilbarry, barony of Muskerry; d. leaving issue -
I. John; of whom presently; II. Joseph; III. Duke; IV. Margaret; V. Anne.
II. Joseph, is unm.
III. Duke has been a Captain in the U.S. Army; resides at Oxford, Ohio, U.S.A., and is married.
IV. Margaret, m. and d. leaving a dau. Maggie.
V. Anne, m. Thomas Walsh, of Kilmurry; alive in Cincinnatti, 1886, no issue.
131. John MacCarthy Mór, alias "Welply:" his son; m. a Miss Lane a native of Moss Grove Commons, co. Cork, and emigrated to America; living in Cincinnatti in 1887; had six surviving children.

A junior line continues from 128 above
129. John, the second son of John MacCarthy Mór (alias "Welply"), mar. Sarah Norwood, of the neighbourhood of Dunmanway, co. Cork; removed from Bengour to Murragh; and had issue:
I. William, of whom presently.
II. John, d.s.p.
III. Edward, d.s.p.
IV. Francis, d.s.p.
I. Elizabeth, who mar. Andrew Atkins, of Dunmanway; living in 1887; no issue.
130. William (died in 1885): eldest son of John; mar. Ellen Jagoe; lived at Kilronan, near Dunmanway; had issue:
I. John, d.s.p.
II. Samuel, living unmar. in 1887.
III. William, of whom presently.
IV. John-Jagoe, M.D., of Bandon, who mar. Ellen Jagoe, his cousin, and had issue:
1. John. 2. A daughter.
I. Elizabeth, living unmar. in 1887.
131. William: third son of William; mar. Edith Ormerod, and had issue; living at Kilronan in 1887.

MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery
DONAL GOTH ("goth," Ir., straight), second son of Donal Mór-na-Curra, King of Desmond (see No. 111 above), was the ancestor of MacCarthaigh Riabhach ("riabhach": Irish, swarthy, etc.), anglicised MacCarthy Reagh.
112. Donal Goth; son of Donal Mór-na-Curra; known also as Donal Glas; lord of Carbery, A.D. 1205 to 1251. This Donal dethroned Dermod Fitz-Mahon O'Mahony, lord of Iveagh, after the sanguinary engagement of Carrigdurtheacht, in which the three sons of The O'Mahony, and O'Coffey (or O'Cowhig), chief of Coillsealvy were slain. Donal, who was in 1251 slain by John Fitzthomas Fitzgerald, commonly called "John of Callan," left six sons, viz.; 1. Dermod Don, who succeeded his father, and whose descendants, known as the "Clan Dermod," possessed an extensive district in Carbery, and the Castles of Cloghane and Kilcoe; 2. Teige Dall, ancestor of the "Clan Teige Dall;" 3. Cormac, of Mangerton, so called from having defeated the English at the foot of that mountain, in 1259; 4. Finghin Raghna-Roin, so called from his having been slain at this place by the attendants of John de Courcy, in 1261; 5. "The Aithcleirach;" and 6. Donal Maol.
113. Donal Maol: his son; became lord of Carbery, 1262 to 1310; defeated the de Courcys of Kinsale in several engagements, and liberated Donal and Teige MacCarthy, who were kept in close confinement by their Kinsman Dermod MacCarthy Mór of Tralee. Donal Maol left two sons - Donal Caomh, and Cormac.
114. Donal Caomh (or the Handsome): his son; upon the death of his father became, in 1311, Prince of Carbery; he died in 1320, leaving, besides other children, Donal Glas; Cormac Donn, the ancestor of MacCarthy Glas; and a daughter married to Dermod FitzConnor O'Mahony, by whom she had Donogh O'Mahony of Iveagh. Donal Caomh married the widow of Dermod O'Mahon, and daughter to Robert de Carewe, "Marquis of Cork," who settled in Carbery, having built a castle near the Abbey of Bantry, called "Carewe Castle," alias Downimarky.
115. Donal Glas: eldest son of Donal Caomh; Prince of Carbery from A.D. 1326 to 1366. This Prince rebuilt the Abbey of Timoleague upon the ruins of the ancient abbey of the same saint (St. Molaga), and in this abbey he was buried in 1366, leaving by his wife - a daughter of O'Cromin - two sons, Donal Reagh, and Dermod; and a daughter Mary, who married Bernard O'Sullivan Bere.
116. Donal Glas, MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery: son of Donal Glas; married Joanna Fitzmaurice, by whom he had Donogh of Iniskean; Dermod an-Dunaidh; Donal Glas (died s. p. 1442); Eoghan, slain 1432; and Cormac -Coille. This Donal was sirnamed Riabhach or "swarthy," on account of his appearance; from him the family has been named "Reagh;" he died 1414. Donal Glas (the younger) left illegitimate sons, the founders of the "Slught Glas;" these possessed most of the parishes of Ballinadee and Ballymoney, on the Bandon. Their chief residence was the Castle of Phale, in 1601, the stronghold of the brothers, Donogh, Donal, and Finin Mac Carthy, the acknowledged heads of the Slught Glas. Finin fled to Spain in 1601, and Donogh died soon after, leaving his brother Donal the head of the Phale Carties. Owen, son of Donogh, was "attained" (attainted) in 1642. His son Owen-Roe-Glaughig MacCarthy is still remembered, and the site of the gallows, on which he hanged evil disposed people, is yet pointed out. The Old Castle of Phale was standing some seventy years ago; its stones were used to build Ballyneen Village and Ballymoney Protestant Church, and not a vestige of it now exists. Superintendent MacCarthy, who presided some years ago over the Dublin Metropolitan Police, was the Head of this tribe. For a time Kilgobban Castle also belonged to the Slught Glas. Some of them settled as farmers at Kilnacronogh, where their descendants may still be found.
117. Dermod an Dunaidh MacCarthy Riabhach: his son; Prince of Carbery in 1452; married Ellen, the daughter of Teige, lord of Muscry, and had issue: Finghin; Donal, who predeceased his father; and Dermod, who had a son Finghin.
118. Finghin MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery: his son; married Catherine, daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald, the 8th "Earl of Desmond," who was beheaded at Drogheda; he left issue: Donal, Dermod, Donogh, and Cormac.
This Finghin was in high favour with Henry VII., King of England, who "authorized" him, in conjunction with Cormac MacTeige, lord of Muscry, to get the homage of the independent Irish chiefs.
119. Donal MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery: his son; governed Carbery for twenty-six years; assisted Cormac Oge Laidir, lord of Muscry, against the English in Munster, in 1521. He married twice: first, to the daughter of Cormac Laidir, lord of Muscry, by whom he had two sons and one daughter - the sons were: 1. Dermod, who was slain by Walter Fitzgerald, son of the Earl of Kildare; and 2. Donal, who died s. p.; the daughter was Ellen, who married Teige Mór O'Driscoll. Donal MacCarthy Reagh married secondly to Eleanor Fitzgerald (daughter of Gerald Fitzgerald, 8th Earl of Kildare), whose sister Alice was wife to Conn O'Neill, Prince of Ulster: the issue of this marriage was four sons, who were successively (by usage of tanistry) "Princes of Carbery:" - 1. Cormac na-Haine; 2. Finin, married Catherine, daughter of Donal an-Drumin, Prince of Desmond, he left no male issue; 3. Donogh (died 1576), married Joanna, the daughter of Maurice Fitzgerald, by whom he had Finin, who married Elana, Princess of Desmond, and who was made The MacCarthy Mór by Aodh O'Neill, Prince of Ulster; Donogh had also Dermod Maol, who m. Ellen, the dau. of Teige O'Donoghue of Glenflesk; and Julia, who married Owen O'Sullivan Mór. Donogh married, secondly, to a dau. of John, lord Power, by whom he had Donogh Oge, who m. Graine, the dau. of Dermod, lord Muscry; was interred at Timoleague; 4. Owen ("of the Parliament") d. 1593; m. Ellen, dau. of Dermod O'Callaghan, by whom he had two sons and six daughters: - the sons were - Finin, who m. Eleanor, the daughter of Edmond Fitzgibbon, the White Knight, and widow of his cousin Cormac; and had by her several children: one of these, Catherine, m. Dermod MacCarthy, younger son of Teige an-Duna; Ellen, who married Finin O'Driscoll; Julia, who m. Dermod, son of Donal O'Sullivan Mór; Eleanor, who m. Finin M`Owen Carragh Carthy of Kilbrittain; Joanna, who m. Donal O'Donovan; Honoria, who married Edmond Fitzgerald, Knight of the Valley; Graine, who m. twice, first, Barry Oge of Buttevant, and, secondly, Cormac, son of Cormac MacTeige, of Muscry.
120. Cormac na Haoine, Prince of Carbery: son of Donal: married Julia, daughter of Cormac, lord of Muscry, and had by her a son called Donal-na-Pipi.
121. Donal-na-Pipi, Prince of Carbery (d, 1612): his son; became Prince on the death of his uncle Owen; he married Margaret Fitzgerald, daughter of Sir Thomas Roe Fitzgerald, and had by her a numerous issue: - 1. Cormac; 2. Donough (proprietor of Kilbrittain, d. s. p.); 3. Teige, chief of Kilgobane, d. s. p.; 4. Donal; 5. Owen; 6. Julia, who m. Edmond, Lord Barry; 7. Ellen, who m. Teige MacCarthy, of Ballikay (co. Cork), by whom she had three sons who died young, and two daughters; 8. Finin, of Bandubh, who left a son Donal, who married Honoria, daughter of Owen O'Sullivan Bere, by whom he had a son, Finin of Bandubh, who became a lieutenant-colonel in the Regiment of Donal MacCormac MacCarthy Reagh, in the service of James II.
122. Cormac: son of Donal; m. Eleanor, daughter of Edmund Fitzgibbon, the White Knight, and who afterwards married Finin MacCarthy, of Iniskean, and had by him a son Donal. This Cormac died before his father.
123. Donal, Prince of Carbery: son of Cormac No. 122; m. Ellen, daughter of David Roche, lord Fermoy, and had by her a son Cormac.
124. Cormac MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery: son of Donal; m., before his father's death, Eleanor, daughter of Cormac Oge, Lord Muscry; was commander of the Munster Clans in 1641, his lieutenant being Teige an-Duna. This Cormac (or Charles) had by his wife issue: - 1. Finin; 2. Donal (who raised a regiment of Foot for James II.), m. Maria, daughter of Colonel Richard Townsend, of Castletown, and dying in 1691 was interred at Timoleague; 3. Donogh, who m. Margaret de Courcy, by whom he had: - 1. Alexander, who served on the side of James II. at the Boyne and Aughrim; 2. Donal, who died in the French Service; and 3. Eleanor-Susanna, who m. Baron de Hook of the French Service; 4. Ellen, who m. John, Lord Kinsale; and 5. Catherine, who m. Pierre St. John, of Macroom, by whom she had a son and three daughters. This Cormac was alive in 1667. Most of his estates were confiscated by Cromwell (1652), but at the Restoration, he got back a portion. After the taking of Kilbrittain Castle, he led a wandering life in Carbery, in Bere, and in Bantry,
125. Finin MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery: his son; born in 1625; went to France in 1647; married there the daughter of a French Count; had by her two sons - 1. Cormac; and 2. Dermot (b. 1658), m. in France and d. circa 1728, there leaving a son Donal. This Donal MacCarthy Reagh was b. in France 1690, eame to Ireland, and lived near Dunmanway, where he m. Kate O'Driscoll, by whom he had: - 1. Margaret, who m. Richard O'Neill, Hereditary Prince of Ulster (see the "O'Neill Princes of Tyrone" pedigree, No. 131); 2. Cormac; 3. Donal; 4. Owen; and another son and a daughter.
126. Cormac: son of Finin; Prince of Carbery; returned to Ireland, married there, and died leaving one son Owen.
127. Owen: Hereditary Prince of Carbery; married, and died in 1775, leaving issue a son.
128. Cormac (or Charles) MacCarthy Reagh: his son; born about 1721, married Catherine, daughter of Charles Bernard of Palace-Anne (near Iniskean). This Cormac, who was a solicitor, was Seneschal of the Manor of Macroom, Recorder of Clonakilty, and Clerk of the Crown for the County. His wife died in Bandon, aged 104 years.
129. Francis-Bernard MacCarthy Reagh: his son; Hereditary Prince of Carbery; in 1793 married Elizabeth (who d. January 1844) daughter of William Daunt of Kilcascan, by his wife Jane Gumbleton of Castle Rickard. She was sister of the late Captain Joseph Daunt of Kilcascan, who died 1826: issue of Francis Bernard - five sons and four daughters.
130. William MacCarthy Reagh: his son; Hereditary Prince of Carbery; born 7th October, 1801; married on 10th February, 1827, to Margaret-Foster, daughter of the Rev. Mountiford Longfield, of Churchill, Co. Cork, and sister of the Right Hon. Judge Longfield. Her mother was a Miss Lysaght. This William and his wife, in 1848, or thereabouts emigrated to Wisconsin, U.S., America; died, leaving issue, all settled in America: - 1. Francis-Longfield MacCarthy; 2. Grace-Lysaght, b. 5th March, 1829; d. 12th July, 1839; 3. Elizabeth, b. 15th October, 1830; m. 1852, to Arthur Beamish Bernard, son of Samuel Beamish, of Maghmór (near Bandon); heir of Entail of Palace Anne, which he sold, and is now settled in America; 4. Margaret-Anne, b. 4th March, 1833; m. on 9th June, 1852, to George, son of the late Dr. Beamish: Issue, one son and two daughters; 5. Mountiford-Longfield, b. 4th June, 1835; m. Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Beamish, of Maghmór, niece of Arthur Beamish-Bernard, of Palace-Anne, who, in 1855, died in America (she died on the 15th Jan., 1862, leaving two sons); 6. William-Henry, b. 27th Oct., 1837; 7. Henry-Longfield, b. 24th March, 1839; d. 14th April, 1840; 8. Mary-Caroline, b. 16th May, 1840; 9. Robert-Longfield, b. 30th August, 1842; living in 1880; 10. Grace-Patisnee, b. 16th June, 1845, at Palmyra, Wisconsin.
131. Francis-L.MacCarthy Reagh: son of William; Hereditary Prince of Carbery; born 30th December, 1827; married a widow, by whom, issue, one son, whose name we have not learned.


MacCarthy, Lords of Muskerry
CORMAC MACCARTHY MOR, Prince of Desmond (see MacCarthy Mór No. 115,) had a second son, Dermod Mór, of Muscry ("now "Muskerry") who was the ancestor of MacCarthy, lords of Muscry, and earls of Clan Carthy.
116. Dermod Mór: son of Cormac Mór, Prince of Desmond; b. 1310; created, by the English, in A.D. 1353, "Lord of Muscry;" issue: - 1. Cormac; 2. Felimy; who was ancestor of MacCarthy of Tuonadronan; and Donoch, whose descendants are called Carthy (modernized "Cartie"), of Cluanfada. This Dermod was taken prisoner by MacCarthy of Carbery, by whom he was delivered up to his (Dermod's) mother's brother the Lord FitzMaurice, who put him to death, A.D. 1368.
Another authority states he was slain by the O'Mahonys in 1367.
117. Cormac, lord of Muscry: his son; b. 1346. This Cormac was slain by the Barrys in Cork, and interred in Gill-Abbey, in that city, on the 14th of May, 1374. From his youngest son Donal are descended the Carthies of Sean Choill (Shanakiel).
118. Teige (or Thadeus), lord of Muscry: his son; b. 1380, d. 1448; governed Muscry thirty years; issue: - 1. Cormac; 2. Dermod, ancestor of the MacCarthys of Drishane, and founder of the castle of Carrigafooka; 3. Ellen, who married Dermod-an-Duna MacCarthy, Prince of Carbery; and Eoghan, of Rathduane. From this Eoghan descended Donogh MacCartie, who lived temp. James II., and married Eva O'Donoghue, of Glenflesk, by whom he had a son, Charles, who married a Miss Barrett, of Barretts. By this lady Charles had a son, Charles, who married Mary O'Leary, daughter of Art. O'Leary (and niece of Col. MacCarthy of Drishane), by whom he had a son Denis, who married Joanna O'Donoghue Dubh, and had Charles, who married Mary O'Donoghue of Killaha (niece to the O'Donoghue of the Glens), and Jeremiah, who was the father of Denis MacCarthy of Woodview, co. of Cork. Charles, the eldest son of Denis, had by his wife, Mary O'Donoghue, a son Denis, who married Catherine, daughter of D. O'Connell, of Tralee (by his wife Ellen, sister of Daniel O'Connell, M.P.); and a son Daniel MacCarthy, of Headford Castle, in the county of Kerry.
119. Cormac Laidir: his son; b. 1411; married to Mary, daughter of Edmond Fitzmaurice, lord of Kerry, by whom he had Cormac Oge, and a daughter who married Donal MacCarthy-Reagh, of Carbery. This Cormac, in 1465, founded the Franciscan Monastery of Kilcredhe or Cill-Credhe (now "Kilcrea"), in the parish of Kilbonane, dedicated to St. Bridget, founded five additional churches; and also built the donjon of Blarney Castle, together with the castles of Kilcrea, and Ballymaccadan. The Four Masters record his death as follows, under A.D. 1494:
"Cormac, i.e. the MacCarthy, the son of Tadg, son of Cormac, lord of Muskerry, was killed by his own brother Eoghan, and by his (Eoghan's) sons. He was a man who raised and revered the church, and was the first founder of the monastery of Kilcrea; a man that ordained that the Sabbath should be kept holy in his dominions as it ought to be; and he was succeeded by Eoghan, son of Tadg."
He was buried in Kilcrea, in the middle of the choir; the inscription on his tomb runs thus: -
"Hic jacet Cormacus, fil. Thadei, fil. Cormac fil. Dermidii Magni MacCarthy, Duns de Musgraigh-Flayn, acistius conventus primus fundator. an. Dom. 1494."
120. Cormac Oge, lord of Muscry: son of Cormac Laidir; b. A.D. 1447; in 1537; buried at Kilcrea. Married to Catherine Barry. Issue: - Teige; and Julia, who was married thrice: first, to Gerald Fitzmaurice, lord of Kerry; secondly, to Cormac MacCarthy Reagh, of Kilbrittain Castle; and thirdly, to Edmond Butler, lord Dunboyne. This Cormac defeated the Fitzgeralds in several engagements; fought the battle of "Cluhar and Moor" (Mourne Abbey), where he, assisted by MacCarthy Reagh and other chieftains, defeated James Fitzgerald - earl of Desmond - who ravaged Munster in 1521. This Cormac attended Parliament in 1525, as "lord of Muscry." He had a daughter Ellen, m. to James Barrett; and another, Mary, married to O'Sullivan Mór.
121. Teige, lord of Muscry: his son; born, A.D. 1472; died in A.D. 1565; buried at Kilcrea. This Cormac married Catherine, the daughter of Donal MacCarthy Reagh, prince of Carbery, and by her had issue: - 1. Dermod; 2. Sir Cormac MacTeige, lord of Muscry, who was ancestor of the families of Courtbreak, Bealla; Castlemór, and Clochroe; 3. Owen, who was slain at Dromanee; 4. Donal-na-Countea, who died in 1581; 5. Ceallachan, who was ancestor of the Carthys of Carricknamuck; 6. Donoch, who was ancestor of the Carthys of Carew; 7. Eleanor.
122. Dermod, lord of Muscry: his son; born A.D. 1501; m. Elana, daughter of Maurice Fitzgerald, and niece of James, the 15th earl of Desmond; died in 1570, buried at Kilcrea. Issue: - Cormac; Teige, ancestor of the MacCarthys of Insirahell (near Crookstown, co. Cork); Julia, married to John de Barry, of Laisarole; and Grainé, who married Donogh Oge MacCarthy Reagh, of Carbery In 1563, this Dermod fought and defeated Sir Maurice Dubh (duff) Fitzgerald, his father-in-law, who was beheaded by his guard.
123. Cormac Mór, lord of Muscry: his son; born, A.D. 1552; married to Maria Butler. Issue: - 1. Cormac; 2. Teige, ancestor of the MacCarthys of Aglish; Donal, ancestor of the MacCarthys of Carrignavar; and Julia, who married twice: first, David Barry of Buttevant; and, secondly, Dermod O'Shaughnessy of Gort, in the county of Galway. This Cormac Mór attended parliament in 1578 as "Baron of Blarney;" conformed to the Protestant church; died in 1616; and was buried at Kilcrea. He also contested with Florence MacCarthy Reagh for the dignity of "MacCarthy Mór," but did not succeed. Acted as Sheriff of Cork; and on the memorable 21st October, 1601, when all his kinsmen were ranged under the O'Neill, the Red Hand of Ulster, at Kinsale, this Cormac assisted the
English against the Irish, who were there commanded by O'Neill and O'Donnell. For this act he received many "honours" from the English.
124. Cormac Oge, 17th lord of Muscry: his son; born A.D. 1564; married Margaret, the daughter of Donogh O'Brien, by his wife Elena Roche; and died in London, on the 20th of February, 1640. This Cormac was educated at Oxford (England), and on the 15th of November, 1628, was created "Baron of Blarney" and "Lord Viscount Muscry." Issue: - 1. Donogh; 2. Maria, who married Sir Valentine Brown, ancestor of the Earls of Kenmare; 3. Ellen, who married Colonel Edward Fitzmaurice, only son of Thomas, 18th lord of Kerry; and 4. Eleanor, who was the first wife of Cormac MacCarthy Reagh.
125. Donoch MacCarthy, lord Viscount Muscry: son of Cormac; born A.D. 1594; created "Earl of ClanCarthy" by Charles II., in 1658; was confederate chieftain and commander of the Munster forces in the civil wars in Ireland of 1641-52; exiled to the Continent, and his property conferred on his second wife Ellen (a sister of the first Duke of Ormond) and her issue; returned to Ireland at the "Restoration" of Charles II.; contested the right of Florence and Donal to the dignity of MacCarthy Mór (See Appendix, Annals of the Four Masters"); died in London (England), July, 1665. By his first marriage this Donoch had a son named Donall, who was known as the Buchaill B n (or "the fair-haired boy"). By his second marriage he had three sons: - 1. Cormac; 2. Ceallachan, who conformed to the Protestant religion; 3. Justin, created "Lord Mountcashel" by King James II., in 1689; and died in France, 1st July, 1694, at Barrege, of the effects of wounds.
Cormac, lord Muskerry, above mentioned (who d. 24th Dec. 1675), was, in 1665, engaged in a sea fight with the Dutch off Harwich, whilst in the same ship with the Duke of York, afterwards James II.; he (Cormac) died on the 22nd of June, 1665, of wounds received in this action. He married Margaret, the daughter of Ulick de Burgo, 1st Marquis and 5th Earl of Clanrickard, and 2nd earl of St. Albans, by whom he had two children: - 1. Charles-James, b. 1663, who died young; and 2. Francis, born 1664.
126. Ceallachan MacCarthy: second son of Donoch; married Elizabeth Fitzgerald, sixth daughter of George Fitzgerald, the 16th earl of Kildare; had issue by her one son, Donoch; and four daughters, one of whom, Catherine, married Paul Davis, who was created "lord Viscount Mountcashel," by whom she had a daughter, who was married to Justin, son of Donoch, 4th earl of ClanCarthy. This Ceallaghan, who died in 1676, was being educated in France, for Holy Orders, but when the news of his brother's death reached him, he quitted his monastery, became a Protestant, and married.
127. Donoch MacCarthy, the 4th Earl of Clan Carthy:son of said Ceallaghan; born 1669; was educated in Oxford, and having, like his father, conformed to the Protestant religion, was, before he was sixteen years of age, privately married to Elizabeth Spencer, second daughter of Robert Spencer, earl of Sunderland. In 1688, he received and entertained King James II., on his arrival in Ireland, having become a Catholic when James II. became King. In 1690, on the taking of Cork, he was taken prisoner by John Churchill, Earl of Marlborough, and confined in the Tower of London, from which, in 1694, he escaped to France; in 1698, he returned to England, was arrested, and exiled on a pension of œ300 a year; his estates, worth over œ200,000 a year, were confiscated, and sold in violation of the "Treaty of Limerick;" he died at Prals-Hoff, in the territory of Hamburg, on the 19th September, 1734. By his wife, who accompanied him into exile, and died abroad in June, 1704, he left issue: - 1. Robert; 2. Charlotte, who married John West, Lord Delaware; and 3. Justin, who married his own first cousin, the Hon. Miss Davis, daughter of Paul, lord viscount Mountcashel.
128. Robert, hereditary Lord of Muscry, earl of Clan Carthy, Baron of Blarney, etc.: his son; born 1686, and died in a chateau near Boulogne, A.D. 1770; married twice: by his first wife, Jane Plyer, daughter of Captain Plyer, of Gosport, Southampton, he left no issue; at the age of 63 years he married a young wife, who brought him two sons: - 1. Dermod; 2. Cormac. This Robert was a Commodore in the English Navy. Having failed to regain his father's estates, he threw up his commission and joined the "Pretender." At length he settled at Boulogne-Sur-Mer, in France, and obtained from the French King an annual pension of œ1,000. His estates were seized by the English, and sold to the Hollow Swords Blade Company; Chief Justice Payne; he Very Rev. Dean Davis, of Cork; General Sir James Jeffries; and others. Blarney Castle and surrounding estate is now (1887) possessed by Sir George Colthurst, who married a Miss Jeffries.
129. Dermod: son of Robert; an officer in the French service, at the time of the Revolution in France; threw up his commission, and with his family (having married in France, in 1772, to Rose, youngest daughter of Nial O'Neill, Prince of Ulster), returned to Ireland; died in 1815, and was buried in the family vault in Kilcrea. Left issue three sons and four daughters.
130. Cormac, hereditary Earl of Clan Carthy, etc.: his son; resided in comparative obscurity in the City of Cork; married there to Nora, daughter of William O'Neill, of Ulster (see "O'Neill, Prince of Tyrone" Pedigree, No. 130), and died in 1826, leaving issue: - Donogh, Dermod, Teige, and Ada (or Adelaide). Buried at Moviddy.
131. Donogh, hereditary Earl of Clancarthy, etc.: his son; married Eva MacLoughlin, granddaughter to Mary O'Neill, who was daughter to Nial, Prince of Ulster; died in 1871; buried at Kilcrea; left issue four sons: - 1. Justin; 2. Robert; 3. Cormac; 4. Finghin; and three daughters: - Elana, Elizabeth, and Ada. Eva died in 1874, and was buried at Moviddy.
132. Justin MacCarthy, hereditary Earl of Clan Carthy, etc.: his son; married Margaret O'Daly, in Cork, prior to leaving thence in 1878; had issue: - 1. Teige; 2. Cormac; and 3. Charlotte; living in St. Louis, America, in January, 1887.


MacCarthy Glas
DONAL CAOMH who is No. 114 on the "MacCarthy Reagh" pedigree, was the ancestor of MacCarthy Glas.
115. Cormac Donn: son of Donal Caomh, Prince of Carbery; obtained from his father for himself and his descendants the territory of Gleanna-Croim - the country for miles around Dunmanway. This Cormac became Chieftain of Carberry, and was slain in 1366. He left issue: - 1. Dermod, who was taken prisoner by his cousin MacCarthy of Carberry; given over to the English, and by them murdered in 1368; 2. Felim; 3. Donal; 4. Eoghan; 5. Tadhg; 6. Finghin; 7. Cormac; and 8. Donogh, who had a son Finghin, who had a son Cormac, whose daughter m. Donogh O'Crowly.
116. Felim: his son; a quo Sliochd Feidhlimidh - the tribe name of the MacCarthys of Glean-na-Croim; was chieftain of his family; had two sons - 1. Tadhg; and 2. Finghin.
117. Tadhg of Dunmanway: his son; succeeded his father as chieftain.
118. Finn: his son; lord of Glenna-Croin.
119. Cormac: his son; had issue: 1. Finin; and 2. Dermod na-n Glac. (1) Finin succeeded his father as chieftain; m. Ellen, daughter of O'Sullivan Bere, and had issue Cormac (who was killed by his cousin Cormac Donn in a quarrel respecting the succession to the chieftaincy): this Cormac m. More, daughter of Dermod Oge O'Leary, by whom he had a son Finin, who petitioned Queen Elizabeth in the matter of his father's inheritance. The other sons of this Cormac were: - Felim, slain in 1641; and Cormac Reagh; and a daughter m. to Dermod O'Crowly, of Coillsealbhach.
120. Dermod na-n Glac: second son of Cormac; was known as "Dermod of the conflicts;" m. in 1563, Eleanor, daughter of Teige, the 11th lord of Muscry; left issue two sons - 1. Cormac Donn; 2. Finin; 3. Teige an-Fhorsa. (1) Cormac Donn, who slew his cousin Cormac, son of Finin, and who was murdered in Cork by the English. This Cormac Donn m. More, daughter of Connor O'Leary, by his wife, a daughter of Mac-Finin Dubh, by whom he had a son Felim, and a daughter who m. Art O'Crowly. (2) Finin d. s. p. And (3) Teige an-Fhorsa.
121. Teige: his son; called "Teige an-Fhorsa" (or Teige of the forces); chieftain, 1578 to 1618. Died in Cork City, 3rd July, 1618. Was twice married: first, to the widow of Torlogh Bacchach MacSweeney, Constable of Desmond, and daughter of Donal MacFinin of Ard Tully; and, secondly, to Eleanor, daughter of Rory MacSheehy (this lady survived him), by whom he had issue: - 1. Tadhg; 2. Dermod, of Dyreagh, and proprietor of Togher Castle, and the lands of Shanacrane, etc., near Dunmanway; and a dau., who m. Randal Oge O'Hurley, of Ballinacarrig Castle.
122. Tadhg-an-Duna (or "Teige the Hospicious"): eldest son of Tadhg an-Fhorsa; b. A.D. 1584; chieftain from 1618 to 1648; second in command of the Munster forces in 1641. This Tadhg was twice married: first, to a daughter of Brian MacOwen MacSweeney of Cloghda Castle: by this lady, who was grand-daughter to Owen MacSweeney, of Mishanaglas, he had two sons, viz.: - 1. Tadhg-an Fhorsa; and 2. Dermod, ancestor of MacCarthy Glas. He married, secondly, Honoria, daughter of Donal O'Donovan, lord of Clan Cahill (by his wife Joan, daughter of "Sir" Owen MacCarthy Reagh), by whom he had: 3. Honoria, who m. Owen, fourth son of Donal "Pipi;" 4. Joan, who m. Cormac MacTadhg MacCarthy, of Ballea, and grandson of Sir Cormac MacTadhg, lord of Muscry; 5. Eoghan, founder of the Ballynoodie Family; and 6. Ceallaghan, living in Dunmanway Castle, 1652. Tadhg-an-Duna, d. 24th May, 1649, and was the last chieftain of this clan who exercised the rights of his position.
123. Dermod (called in English official documents "Jeremy Cartie, Esq."): second son of Tadg-an-Duna; restored to the lands of Glean-na Croim (1684), under the "Commission of Grace," by Charles II.; m. Catherine, daughter of Finin MacCarthy, of Iniskean (son of Sir Owen MacCarthy Reagh), by his wife Eleanor, daughter of Edmund Fitzgibbon, the White Knight, by whom he had Felim, and a daughter Elizabeth, who m. Edmond Shuldham, crown solicitor, to whom she brought the lands regranted to her father in 1684, together with the lands of Ardtully, and three townlands near Kenmare. This Dermod died in 1685. The lands and Castle of Togher, comprising 1,419 acres, were not restored to Dermod; these were left in possession of the "patentees," Edward and William Hoare, whose descendants are (1887) in possession to this day.
124. Felim: his son; had no inheritance but the sword; was a Captain in the Irish Army; fought on the side of James II., both before and after the King's arrival in Ireland, 22nd March, 1689; he left Ireland with the "Wild Geese," was in France at the time of his sister's marriage, upon hearing of which he hurried back, but was shot (assassinated) before he reached his native glen. By his wife Mary, daughter of Tadhg MacCarthy, of Knocktemple, Felim left three sons:- I. Dermod an-Duna; II. Owen; and III. Cormac Glas. (I) Dermod an-Duna, m. Ellen, daughter of Ceadach O'Donovan, by his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir Finin O'Driscoll, by whom he had two sons: - 1. Charles; and 2. Teige na-Feile. This (1) Charles (called "of Butler's Gift") married Kate O'Donovan, of Balleedown, great aunt to Timothy O'Donovan, of Donovan's Cove, and sister to Timothy the "Swordsman." By this marriage said Charles had two sons, who d. (s. p.) before himself; and four daus.: - 1. Ellen, m. O'Sullivan of Carriganass; 2. Mary, m. Maurice Hennigan, who had a daughter Ellen, m. to her cousin Charles, son to Jerry an-Duna; and two other daus., one m. to Timothy O'Leary, of Glasheens, and the other to Daniel Callanan, of Caheragh. And this (2) Teige (called "na-Feile") m. Elizabeth O'Donovan, and had issue: Jerry an-Duna, and Charles (who d. s. p.). Jerry an-Duna m. a Miss Calanan of Kinsale, and had issue two sons and one daughter - the eldest son, Charles, d. s. p.; the younger emigrated to Canada many years ago; and the daughter Mary died unm. This Jerry an-Duna lived during the end of his life with Timothy O'Donovan, of Donovan's Cove, and died in 1826, aged 84; interred at Kilbarry, one mile west of Dunmanway.
125. Owen: second son of Felim; m. Faby O'Herlihy, and had by her two sons: - I. Donogh (or Denis); and II. Florence. (I.) Donogh m. a daughter of O'Leary, of Ive Leary, and had issue: - Donogh Oge, a noted man remembered still in Glean na-Croim; and Angel, who m. Owen Calanan, the father of Dermod MacOwen, a celebrated physician, who resided at Clonakilty, and who is still remembered in Carbery. Owen Calanan had also issue by his wife Angel, a daughter Mary, m. to Cornelius MacCarthy (Clan Dermod), brother to the then Parish Priest of Inishannon, and by whom he had a daughter Nora, m. to John MacDonald, of Dunmanway, by whom he had a daughter Mary, who m. Eugene MacFinin MacCarthy, (brother to the Very Rev. Dr. MacCarthy, Vice-President of Maynooth College, who subsequently became the Right Rev. Bishop of Kerry): the issue of this marriage was a son Randal MacFinin MacCarthy.
126. Florence MacCarthy Glas: son of Owen; had two sons - I. Donogh, and II. Charles, and a daughter. III. Angel. This (II.) Charles had a son Denis, and a daughter Angel: Denis was father of Mrs. Shorten of Kilnacronogh, parish of Kinneigh, who was b. 1791. (III.) Angel was mother to Daniel O'Leary, of Shanlarig, parish of Kilmichael; b. 1796.
127. Donogh: son of Florence.
128. Owen: his son; known as "The Old Root;" m. Julia, sister to Dean Collins of Cork.
129. Eugene MacCarthy Glas of Dunmanway (The Old Root): son of Owen; b. 1801; living in Dunmanway, 1871.

MacCarthy na Mona
The founder of this family was Sir Cormac MacTeige, lord of Muscry, who is No. 121 on the "MacCarthy, lords of Muskerry" Pedigree.
122. Donoch MacCarthy, called "Maister-na-Mona": son of Sir Cormac MacTeige by his first wife Ellen Barrett, who was daughter of James Barrett, by Ellen, sister of Teige (No. 121), and consequently his (Sir Cormac's) first cousin. He got the name Na-Mona from the preceptory of Mourne and the lands around this religious establishment, which his father willed to him. This Donoch m. Ellen. daughter of Donal MacOwen MacTeige Illoyghie MacSweeney, Chief Warder of Blarney Castle. He died in February, 1605, leaving a son Cormac, then twelve years old.
123. Cormac MacDonoch MacCarthy: said son; born 1593; m. a daughter of Donal O'Donovan, of Rahine, by his wife Joan, daughter of Sir Owen MacCarthy Reagh; left issue: - 1. Donoch; and 2. Teige, whose daughter Mary m. Donoch O'Donovan, of Castlehaven.
124. Donoch MacCarthy, "Maister na-Mona": his son; had by his wife Catherine (living in 1700) twelve children: the eldest named Charles; another, Daniel, d. 1766. This Donoch died in February, 1683, intestate, leaving to his widow and his children the management of his estate. Under a lease of 99 years, at a yearly rent of - 56 11s. 3 3/4d., granted by Ellen Countess Dowager of Clancarthy, and Donoch, earl of Clancarthy, dated 30th October, 1677, he entered into the lands of Courtbrack, Ballmarypeak, Clauneballycullen, and Lahackaneen, in the Barony of Muscry, which lands were in 1641 the ancient property and inheritance of his ancestors.
125. Charles MacCarthy, "Maister na-Mona": his son; he had sixteen sons, thirteen of whom emigrated; in 1700 he claimed and was allowed the benefits of above lease, the reversion of which was forfeited by the attainder of Donoch, earl of Clancarthy; which claim was adjudged within the "Articles of Limerick."
126. Owen MacCarthy, the last "Maister na-Mona": his son; born 1706; married Catherine (living in 1764), daughter of Charles MacCarthy, of Lyredane; died 5th November, 1790; was interred in Kilcrea Abbey, leaving an only son, and three daughters, residents in Cork: 1. Mary, married to Barry; 2. Anne, died aged 76; and 3. Catherine died in 1832, all buried in Kilcrea, "pursuant to their dying wishes."
127. Charles MacCarthy: his son; entered the service of the King of Portugal, was colonel of a regiment of horse, and Governor of Miranda, in 1790. He died in Portugal in 1792, leaving an only daughter, who d. s. p. in 1832; and was buried in Kilcrea.

MacCarthy Reagh Of Spring House; and Counts of Toulouse, France
Descended from Donal na-Pipi MacCarthy Reagh, Prince of Carbery, who is No. 121 on the "MacCarthy Prince of Carbery" Stem.
122. Owen: son of Donal na-Pipi; married Honoria, daughter of Taige-an-Duna MacCarthy, of Dunmanway (see "MacCarthy Glas" Stem, No. 122).
123. Donal: his son; proprietor of Knocknahinsy; m. Honoria, daughter of John O'Hea, of Corably, co. Cork; died 16th December, 1666.
124. Donogh: his son; proprietor of Spring House, co. Tipperary, which he purchased in his father's lifetime. Married 27th July, 1660, Elizabeth, daughter of Edmond Hackett, of Ballyskillan, county Tipperary; died in 1713; interred at Bansha, in that county. His children were: - 1. Justin; 2. James; 3. Charles (of Laganstown), m. Clara O'Ferrall, d. s. p.; 4. Denis, m. a Miss Herringman; 5. Alexander; 6. Elizabeth, married to Michael Kearney, proprietor of Fethard and Kilbrogan; 7. Honoria, m. James Fox, of Kilmalchy, King's County; 8. Joanna, m. John Therry, of Castle Therry, co. Cork; 9. Margaret; 10. Catherine, married to Francis Kearney, of Knockinglass, co. Tipperary; 11. Eleanor, m. to Jeremiah O'Donovan, of Kinograny, co. Cork; 12. Maria, m. to Daniel O'Mahony, of Dunloe Castle, co. of Kerry.
125. Justin MacCarthy: his son; b. 28th February, 1685; m. on 14th February, 1709, Marie, daughter of John Shee, of Ballylogue, co. Tipperary; died in April, 1756; buried at Bansha. By his wife (who d. 15th Nov. 1744), he left issue: - 1. Denis; 2. John, b. 6th April, 1725; m. Anne, daughter of Thomas Wyse, of Waterford, by whom he had four sons and four daughters; 3. Maria, m. James Mandeville, of Ballydine; 4. Elizabeth, m. Daniel Ryan, of Inch, in the co. Tipperary; and 5. Margaret, who d. unm.
126. Denis of Spring House: son of Justin; b. 21st June, 1718; m. on the 29th September, 1743, Christine, daughter of Robert French, of Rahasane, near Craughwell, co. Galway; died 13th September, 1761, at Argenton, Berry, in France.
127. Justin: son of Denis; born at Spring House, 18th August, 1744; m., on the 16th September, 1765, Maria Winifred, daughter of Nicholas Tuite, of Tuitestown, Westmeath; d. in 1812, leaving issue: - 1. Denis-Joseph, b. 18th July, 1766; 2. Nicholas-Tuite (the Abbe MacCarthy), b. in Dublin, 19th May, 1769; d. at Annecy (France) on the 3rd May, 1833; 3. Robert-Joseph; 4. Joseph-Charles, b. 1777; 5. Joseph-Patrick, b. 1799, m. 1818, and left issue: - 1. Nicholas-Francis-Joseph (b. 1833); 2. Winifred (b. 1819); 3. Anna-Maria (b. 1825); 4. Maria-Theresa (b. 1828); 5. Justin, b. 1785; 6. Anna-Maria, b. 1767; 7. Christine-Maria, b. 1772; and 8. Maria, b. 1780.
This Justin was only seventeen years at the time of his father's death, who was obliged to leave Ireland on account of the penal laws. Immediately on the death of his father Justin hastened to realize all that his family had been able to preserve of the débris of an immense fortune, and selected for the future home of himself and his posterity the city of Toulouse, in France.
In September, 1766, this Justin became the Count MacCarthy Reagh, of the City of Toulouse, in the Department of the Haute Garonne, receiving letters patent from Louis (Capet) XVI., the French King, and on the 25th of February, 1767, formed a part of the Court of Paris.
128. Robert-Joseph MacCarthy Reagh, Count of Toulouse: his son; born June 30th, 1770. On the 9th of May, 1809, he married Emilia-Maria de Bressac, and died at Lyons, on the 11th July, 1827.
129. Justin-Marie-Laurent-Robert MacCarthy Reagh, Third Count of Toulouse: his son; born May 6th, 1811.

Notes: The descendants of John son of Justin (125 above) are
126. John: the second son of Justin; b. 6th April, 1725; m. Anne Wyse, of Waterford, in 1747; issue: - James, b. 1749; Charles, b. 1752; Justin, b. 1755; Dermod, b. 1756; Anne, b. 1750; Eliza, b. 1751; Maria, b. 1754; and Christine, b. 1755. This John d. 1779.
127. Charles: his son; m. (1776) Miss Morrogh, co. Cork; was a Lieutenant in the Bengal Navy; had issue: Joseph, b. 1777; Charles, b. 1778; Robert, b. 1780; and Anne, b. 1779; besides other children.
128. Charles; his son: b. 1778, d. circa 1846; m. a Miss Tuite, and had many children; was a Civil Engineer, and a Lieutenant in the Tipperary Militia.
129. Rev. Charles F. MacCarthy, D.D.: his son; b. 1818, d. 1877. Resided in Dublin.

MacCarthy Glas of Dunmanway
CORMAC GLAS, third son of Felim, who is No. 124 on the "MacCarthy Glas" pedigree, was the founder of this branch of that family:
125. Cormac Glas: third son of Felim.
126. DONAL (or Daniel), of Dunmanway: elder son of Cormac Glas; m. Catherine Collins.
127. Donogh (or Denis): their son; m. Ellen the daughter of Florence, son of Dermod MacCarthy, heir of Millane, and grand-daughter of Timothy O'Donovan of Loghernth.
128. Daniel: their son; m. Eleanor MacCarthy of Muires. This Eleanor is (1887) living in Dunmanway, and is daughter of Charles MacCarthy of Muires, by his wife Ellen, daughter of Owen, whose father was Charles of Cloghroe. Owen's wife was a Miss Coghlan.
This Daniel Glas, died leaving a numerous posterity.
129. Justin: his son; living in 1887.

MacCarthy Duna or MacCarthy Dooney
Descended from Tadhg-an-Duna, who is No. 122 on the "MacCarthy Glas" Stem.
123. Tadhg an-Fhorsa (2): eldest son of Tadhg an Duna; was living at Togher Castle, in 1641. Married, on the 22nd October, 1641, Gennet Coppinger, the widow of Nicholas Skiddy of Cork, by whom she had one son. This Tadhg died in 1650; he possessed in fee the town and lands of Fearlaghan, known by the names of Tullagh Glas, Gortnidihy, Maulcullanane, and Carrigatotane, in the parish of Kilmeen, barony of Carbery, co. Cork; and the town and lands of Curryboy, Coolmontane and Tullagh, lands in Inchigeela. Those possessions were seized on by English adventurers and his widow and son expelled therefrom.
124. Tadhg an Duna (2): only son of Tadhg an-Fhorsa (2); known as "Nominal lord of Glean na-Croim;" was only eight years old on the death of his father, who secured the possessions by obtaining a "Degree of Innocence," so that although the lands of Togher were confiscated after the war of 1641-52, those of Dunmanway were then saved. But, after the 3rd of October, 1691, in conformity with the terms of the "Violated Treaty" of Limerick, Tadhg's patrimony was seized by the Williamites, so that in 1696, he died situated as the National Poet describes: -
Ni Tadhg an-Duna d'ainim!
Acht Tadhg gan dun, gan daingean;
Tadhg gan bó, gan capall,
I m-bothainin isiol deataigh,
Tadhg gan bean gan leanbh!" etc.
Interpreted:
Not Teige of the Dunthy name!
But Teige without Dun, without Daingean;
Teige without cow, without horse,
In a low smoky cabin -
Teige without wife, without child! &c.
And again:
"Crioch a bheatha sa marbh a aonar (an aovacht),
A n-aras cumhang a luib chnuic sleibhe."
Interpreted:
The end of his life, and death together,
In a narrow dwelling in the curved ridge of a mountain.
This exactly describes the fate of the last lord of Glean-na-Croim. Married Honora, daughter of Donal O'Donovan, lord of Clancahill. Tadhg left issue two sons; one, it seems was of weak intellect, and "no better than no son at all."
125. "Captain Jacques (James) MacCarthy Duna or Dooney: his son; an officer in the service of France, of whose fate we learn that he fought and fell at Landen, 1693. We know not whether he had issue.

MacCarthy Duna Of Ballyneadig and Lyradane
TADHG AN-DUNA of Dunmanway Castle, who is No. 122 on the "MacCarthy Glas" Stem, was the father of the founder of this Family.
123. Eoghan; son of Tadhg an-Duna; b. 1601; d. 20th of October, 1691.
124. Tadhg: his son; was captain of a Kerry regiment of infantry, which James II. imported to England as "men on whom he could rely." After the attainder of Donagh, Earl of ClanCarthy, in 1691 and 1696, this Tadhg administered, to his father, a leasehold interest to his father, a leasehold interest in the town and lands of East Ballyneadig, co. Cork, which claim was adjudged within the Articles of Limerick. This Tadhg was buried in the choir of Kilcrea abbey.
125. Cormac of Leyradane: his son; m. a daughter of Radly, of Knockrour, and had issue: - Tadhg; Cormac; Callaghan; Dorothy, m. to George Fitton; Catherine, m. to Owen MacCarthy, "Maister na-Mona," who d. 1790. - See "MacCarthy na-mona" Family No. 126.
126. Tadhg: son of Cormac; b. 1714, d. January, 1763; m. Joanna, daughter of Denis MacCarthy, of Dooneen, leaving issue by her: - Cormac; Callaghan, who m. a Miss Hennessy; Tadhg; Mary, m. to O'Leary, of co. Kerry; and Ellen, m. to Nagle, of Mallow. By his will, dated 11 November, 1763, this Tadhg bequeathes all his estate, right, title, and interest of, in, and to, the lease and lands of Rathduff to his eldest son Cormac, who is to lose a pecuniary legacy "if he should at any time intermarry with any daughter of Eliza O'Donoghue, widow of O'Donoghue, late of the county of Kerry;" his interest in the lands of Monalaby, Lisavoura, and Lyredane to Callaghan; and Ballymartin to his two sons Cormac and Callaghan, equally.
127. Cormac of Kilbane (White Church) and Lyredane: son of Tadhg; b. 1738; m. in 1764 Mary eldest daughter of Geoffrey O'Donoghue of the Glen, by Elizabeth, daughter of Randal MacCarthy Mór, (See "MacCarthy Mór" Stem, No. 126.) She died in childbirth with her infant son. Cormac m. secondly, 12th November, 1766, Mary, eldest daughter of Michael Finucane, M.D., of Ennis; and by this lady had fifteen children, of whom only two survived him: 1. Michael-Stephen-Joseph; and 2. Bridget-Ellen, m. to Francis Lord Morgan. She d. 18 May, 1818, leaving issue: - 1. Elizabeth-Frances, m. to Robert Mahon, of Ashline Park, co. Clare; and 2. Sarah, d. unm. 1837. This Cormac, on the 14th May, 1796, conformed to the Protestant Religion, and died 25th January, 1807.
128. Michael: his son; b. at Ennis, December 26th, 1771; m. 24th Jan., 1791, Mary, daughter of Capt. Samuel Meade, R.N., and by her (who d. 30th Dec., 1837, aged 71), he had issued: - 1. Charles-Edward; 2. Richard-Moore (b. 1802), lieutenant in second Regt. of Foot; 3. Rev. Francis-Michael, A.M. (b. 1804), who m. Frances-Mary, daughter of William Robinson, LLD., barrister-at-law, by whom he had six sons: - 1. Revd. Egerton-Francis Meade, A.M., m. Laura-Margaret, daughter of Hedley Vicars, barrister-at-law, and had with other issue Egerton-Hedley-Desmond; Walter-Emilius; Alfred-Finucane, d. unm.; Herbert-Charles; Ernest-Gambier, d. unm.; Arthur Stephen Noel; Frances-Mary, m. to Rev. Charles Baker; Ellen-Augusta, d. unm.; Florence-Caroline; Constance-Amelia, m. to Albert Hartshorne. The daus. of Michael were: - Mary, m. to Capt. Charles Harvey Bagot; Margaret-Elizabeth, m. to Mark Ranclaud, M.D.; Charlotte, m. to Col. Robert Owen Elizabeth, d. unm.; Sophia. This Michael died 19th June, 1829.
129. Charles-Edward: his son; b. 7th March, 1800; appointed Ensign in the 22nd Regt. of Foot, 16th Dec., 1815; m. 4th August, 1831, Elizabeth-Augusta, second daughter of John Goldsborough Ravenshaw, a Director of the East India Company, and by her (who d. 1871) had issue: - 1. Charles-Desmond; and 2. Henry-Mead, b. 1834, d. 1851. This Charles-Edward died 31st July, 1861.
130. Charles Desmond MacCarthy, M.A.: his son; born 13th December, 1832; educated at Rugby, and Trinity College, Cambridge; living in 1887.

MacCarthy of Cloghroe
TEIGE, lord of Muskerry, who is No, 121 on the "MacCarthy Lords of Muskerry" Stem, was ancestor to the Cloghroe MacCarthy family.
122. Cormac MacCarthy, of Ballea, Castlemore, Courtbreac, and Cloghroe, usually styled "Sir Cormac MacTeige": son of Teige lord of Muscry; had three sons, viz.: - 1. Teige; 2. Donogh MacCarthy naMona, commonly called the "Master of Mourne;" and 3. Charles.
123. Charles of Cloghroe: third son of Cormac.
124. Charles: his son; his estate was confiscated in 1641 under the Cromwellian settlement.
125. Cormac Oge of Cloghroe: his son; living in 1677. Married a sister of Teige of Aglish, by whom he had issue: - 1. Denis; 2. Alexander; 3. Margaret; 4. Nelly; 5. Mary, married to Florence MacCarthy Mór (see MacCarthy Mór Stem, No. 126); 6. Catherine; and 7. Ellen, married to a Mr. Anketell,
126. Denis MacCarthy: his son; married Mary, the daughter of Sir J. Meade (by his wife, the Hon. Lady Elizabeth, and sister of Sir Richard Meade, afterwards Earl of Clanwilliam), by whom he had issue: - Elizabeth who married Joseph Capell, by whom she had a daughter Jane, who married Robert MacCartie of Carrignavar; and a son Justin, who died sine prole, in 1762. This Denis died on the 2nd of April, 1739, at Ballea, in the 45th year of his age; and was interred in the Monastery of Kilcrea, where the following inscription may be seen on his tomb: -
"Let honour, valour, virtue, justice mourn,
Cloghroe's MacCarthy, lifeless in this urn;
Let all distressed draw near and make their moan,
Their patron lies confined beneath this stone."

MacCARTHY of Aglish
CORMAC, Lord of Muskerry, who is No. 123 on the MacCarthy of Muskerry pedigree was the ancestor of this Family.
124. Tadhg MacCarthy of Aglish: son of Cormac, lord of Muscry.
125. Dermod: his son; died at an advanced age, leaving two children, - a son, and a daughter who married Charles of Cloghroe.
126. Tadhg of Aglish: his son; suffered for his adherence to the Stuarts, by having his lands of 4,005 Irish acres seized on by the Williamites, and himself expelled from his home.
127. Charles: his son, of whose career very little is known: many of his descendants still live at or near the old lands. This Charles had a sister Joanna, who m. John O'Connor "Kerry," who, in 1652, was cruelly put to death by the followers of Cromwell.

MacCarthy Glas of England
125. CORMAC GLAS (otherwise "Charles of Lorraine"): third son of Felim, who is No. 124 on the "MacCarthy Glas" pedigree; was a captain of the Royal Irish Regiment of Foot Guards to King James II. He m. Angel, daughter of Randal Oge O'Hurley, of Ballinacarriga Castle, by whom he had two sons: - I. Donal of Dunmanway, and II. Donogh.
126. Donogh Glas: son of Cormac; m. Catherine, daughter of Malachy O'Crowly, by whom he had three sons: - I. Donogh, II. Cormac (these two left no male issue), III. Donal; and a daughter Angel, who m. O'Donovan of Banlahan, by whom she had three sons - the youngest of whom Thomas, was a celebrated Irish poet.
127. Donal Glas: third son of Donogh; m. Mary Kelleher, by whom he left issue: - I. Donogh, II. Donal, III. Thomas, IV. Justin. This (I) Donogh m. Mary MacCarthy and had issue: - Sir Charles Justin MacCarthy, Knt., Governor of Ceylon, who m. Sophia, daughter of Sir B. Hawes (Under Secretary of State for War), by whom he had two sons: - Felix, a Member of Council at Bermuda, and Police Magistrate, who d. s. p.; and William, a Registrar-general of lands at Ceylon, who was alive in 1871, but had no issue. This (III) Thomas (Montalto) died of yellow-fever, at St. Domingo, left no issue. (IV) Justin, d. s. p.
128. Donal Glas (2): second son of Donal; m. Mary Ward, by whom he left an only son, Donal (No. 129).
129. Donal Glas, of Glean-na-Croim: son of Donal; m. Harriet Alexandrina Bassett, youngest daughter of the late Admiral Sir Home Popham, K.M., G.C.B., by whom he had issue: - I. Henry Popham Tenison, a captain in the Royal Artillery, who died unm. aged 28 yrs.; II. Elizabeth Radcliff, who d. at Bath, aged 15 yrs.; and III. Florence Strachan. This Donal Glas, d. at Southampton, England, in 1884. He was a gentleman of refined taste and high literary attainments; author of the Siege of Florence, Massaniello, the Free Lance, Life and Letters of Florence MacCarthy Mór, and Historical Pedigree of the Sliochd Feidhlimidh.
130. Florence Strachan MacCarthy Glas: his son; m. Alice, youngest daughter of the late Rev. James Linton, of Heningford House, Huntingdonshire, England (by his wife Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of the Rev. Thomas Maria Wingfield of Torkington), by whom he has had issue: - I. Finin, II. Charles, III. Donal, IV. Eugene, V. Kathleen, VI. Mary, VII. Aileen (or Eibhlin), all living in 1887. This Florence Strachan, residing in 1887, at Clydesdale, Surbiton Road, Kingston-on-Thames, Surrey, England.

MacCarthy of Carrignavar
124. DONAL: son of Cormac Mór MacCarthy, lord of Muskerry, by his wife Maria Butler, was ancestor of this family; he had two sons - 1. Donal, and 2. Cormac Spainach.
125. Donal (2): his son, died at an advanced age, leaving a son Cormac who forfeited Carrignavar, etc., for the part he took in the Revolution of 1688-9. His estates were put up for sale in 1702 at Chichester House, in Dublin, and subsequently came into the possession of the family by purchase. This Cormac died without issue, whereupon the estates reverted to the descendants of the second son of Donal No. 124.
126. Donal (3): son of Cormac Spainach, the second son of No. 124; died at Carrignavar in 1692, leaving two sons: - Donal, and Cormac (or Charles) called of "Carrignavar," who in 1718 became a Protestant; he was thus able to purchase his estates.
127. Donal (4): son of Donal.
128. Donal Oge (5): his son; had two sons: - 1. Justin, who predeceased his father in 1762; and 2. Robert. This Donal's will bears date 23rd of August, 1763.
129. Robert: his son; m. in October, 1784, Jane, the daughter of Joseph Capell, of Cloghroe (see "MacCarthy of Cloghroe" Pedigree, No. 126), and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Denis MacCarthy of Cloghroe. They had issue: - 1. Justin MacCartie; - 2. Joseph Capell MacCartie; and 3. Elizabeth.
130. Justin MacCartie: his son.

MacCarthy of Minnesota, U.S.A.
DONAL, eldest son of Donoch, who is No. 125 on the MacCarthy (lords of Muskerry) pedigree, was the ancestor of MacCarthy of St. Paul, Minnesota, U. S. America.
125. Donoch, the eighteenth lord Muscry, Baron of Blarney, the first "earl of Clancarthy," Confederate Chieftain and Commander of the Munster forces, in the wars of 1641-52.
126. Donal, popularly styled the Buachaill Ban: his eldest son; married a daughter of MacCarthy Derreacha of Glean-na-Chroim.
127. Donal-Cormac, of Drinshane Castle: his son.
128. Fingin (or Florence), of Coom: his son; had four daughters.
129. Fingin Mór: his son; took an active interest in the Irish Insurrection of 1798, and was by his followers acknowledged the "MacCarthy Mór;" died imprisoned in Cork jail, A.D. 1818, aged 98 years; had issue by his wife, Margaret O'Connor, five sons and five daughters
The sons were - 1. Donal Mór; 2. Fingin Oge; 3. John; 4. Cornelius; 5. Charles; and the daughters were - 1. Margaret; 2. Ellen; 3. Catherine; 4. Mary; and 5. Johanna. Fingin Oge, here mentioned, married Mary O'Crowley, by whom he had issue who migrated to America; John married a MacCarthy (Tullig), and had issue who died in Ireland without issue; Cornelius married Kate Forbish, by whom he had issue who went to America and settled in Vermont; and Charles married Nancy O'Donovan, and emigrated to Canada. Margaret married Owen O'Connor (Cathal), who took part in the Irish Insurrection of 1798; the issue of this marriage was Ellen, married to Timothy Collins, also a "'98" man; John, father of John O'Connor, C.E., Ottawa, Canada; Timothy, father of the Rev. John S. O'Connor, P.P., of Alexandria, Canada; and Owen, father of Eugene and Edward O'Connor, of St. Paul, Minnesota. Of the other daughters of Fingin Mór, Ellen married Samuel Beamish; Catherine married John Callanan; Johanna married John Beamish; and Mary married Hurlihy, the chief of his sept, by whom she had a son named Denis, who removed to America. The four daughters were married - one to O'Mahony (Coin); another to O'Connor (Cathal), of Coom, a descendant of Cathal-craobh-dearg O'Connor, King of Connaught; another to O'Sullivan, of Curragh; and another daughter to O'Leary, of Ive-Leary, called "Teige-na-Post." The issue of this last marriage was Professor Arthur O'Leary; Jeremiah O'Leary, father of Professor Jeremiah O'Leary of Lindsay, Ont., Canada, living in 1877, and father of Arthur and Hugh O'Leary of the same place Barristers, etc.; and a daughter, Nancy, who was married to Jeremiah O'Brien, of Dunmanway, county Cork. Of the children of this last marriage were the late Very Rev. Canon O'Brien, P.P., of Bandon, County Cork, and his brother Dr. O'Brien.
130. Donal Mór: his son; a captain in the Insurrection of 1798; and commanded the Irish forces in the battle of Ballynascarthy; rescued General Roger O'Connor from a troop of horse, and received the French fleet at Bantry; left Ireland, and died in America A.D. 1828. By his wife Mary O'Callaghan-Richeson, this Donal Mór had four sons and three daughters.
The sons were 1. John; 2. Cornelius; 3. Charles; and his daughters - 1 Mary; 2. Ellen; 3. Johanna. Mary, his eldest child, born A.D. 1790, married Hayes, by whom she had two children - John and Johanna; Mary survived her children, and was in 1877 living in Canada. John and Cornelius, sons of Donal Mór, went to Canada, where they died without issue; Ellen married Martin Donovan, of Dunmanway; and Johanna went to Canada, where she married Joseph DeFoe, by whom she had a son, surviving, named Daniel MacCarthy DeFoe, Barrister, etc., of Toronto, and a daughter Eliza, married to Paul Whyte.
131. Cormac (Charles): his son; born 2nd February, 1808; left Ireland in 1828, living in St. Paul, Minnesota, United States, America, in 1880; sole male representative of his family; by his wife Ellen O'Connor-Collins, had issue living three sons, and two daughters Mary and Johanna.
132. Cornelius Mór MacCarthy: his son; born 6th October, 1846; Counsellor and Attorney-at-Law, St. Paul, Minnesota. This Cornelius has two brothers - 1. Daniel-Francis MacCarthy, 2. John-Collins MaCcarthy - the names of whose children are given below.
132a. Daniel-Francis: This Daniel-Francis MacCarthy, of St. Paul, Minn., married Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Allen, by whom he had issue - Charles-Allen, Catherine-Louise, Joseph-Pius, Ellen-Frances, and Daniel. His brother, John-Collins MacCarthy, of St. Paul, Minn., married Anne-Eliza, daughter of John H. Grindall, by whom he had issue - Charles-Grindall, Daniel-Francis, Mary-Agnes, John-Edward, and Annie-Florence.